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Nutrition for Special Situations. Unit 6 HUM-FNW-6 Created by Katie Gilbert Foster Locust Grove High School Nutrition and Food Science. Standard. HUM-FNW-6: Investigate the health and nutrition requirements of individuals and families with special needs.

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nutrition for special situations

Nutrition for Special Situations

Unit 6


Created by Katie Gilbert Foster

Locust Grove High School

Nutrition and Food Science

  • HUM-FNW-6: Investigate the health and nutrition requirements of individuals and families with special needs.
    • 6.1 Determine the health and nutrition requirements of athletes, young children, and older adults
    • 6.2 Determine the health and nutrition requirements for vegetarians and people with food allergens.
nutrition for young children
Nutrition for Young Children
  • Ages 6-12 children grow continuously
  • They develop many habits they will carry with them throughout their lifetime.
  • This is the time for parents to set good examples for their children and encourage them to try new foods.
  • DO NOT use food as a reward or punishment.
nutrition for young children1
Nutrition for Young Children
  • 6 year olds and 12 year olds need different amounts of food but the same types of foods.
  • Children’s appetites are fairly regular so you can judge their energy needs.
  • Just like us they should be getting food from all food groups at each meal
  • They prefer familiar foods but they still need those that are nutrient dense.
nutrition for young children2
Nutrition for Young Children
  • As they get older they will want more variety and want to try more foods.
  • Their serving sizes will also increase.
  • Each meal should supply about 1/3 of the days needed nutrients and calories.
  • Many children have trouble eating enough foods that meet their nutritional needs.
nutrition for young children3
Nutrition for Young Children
  • Snacks can provide additional nutrients and can be things that children enjoy.
    • Fresh Fruit
    • Raw Vegetables
    • Low-fat Cheese
    • Yogurt
    • Raisins
    • Whole grain crackers with peanut butter
nutrition for young children4
Nutrition for Young Children
  • Children who skip breakfast don’t obtain the nutrients they need.
  • Breakfast provide ¼ of the days nutrients
    • Think outside the box: Breakfast
      • Yogurt
      • Tomato soup

* More important for them to eat breakfast than to skip it.

nutrition amounts for young children
Nutrition Amounts for Young Children

Ages 9-13 Need…

  • 1 ½ cups Fruit
  • 2 cups Vegetables
  • 5 oz Grains
  • 5 oz Protein
  • 3 cups Dairy
  • 5 tsp Oil

Ages 4-8 Need…

  • 1-1 ½ cups Fruit
  • 1 ½ cups Vegetables
  • 5 oz Grains
  • 4 oz Protein
  • 2 ½ cups Dairy
  • 4 tsp Oil
nutrition for older adults
Nutrition for Older Adults
  • Foods eaten by older adults need to be more nutrient dense than those younger than them.
  • Older adults
    • Decrease physical activity
    • Need less energy to carry on vital processes
    • Require fewer calories
nutrition for older adults1
Nutrition for Older Adults
  • Diets of older adults tend to be LOW in the following…
    • Calcium
    • Potassium
    • Fiber
    • Magnesium
    • Vitamins A, C & E

* For some older adults B12 and D are also concerns.

osteoporosis in older adults
Osteoporosis in Older Adults
  • Osteoporosis is a major problem for older adults
  • Older woman are at the greatest risk for this because women have less bone mass then men.
  • Women also have more demands on their calcium stores than men because of pregnancies.
  • Hormonal changes after menopause also contribute to osteoporosis.
  • Increasing your calcium after osteoporosis develops will not cure osteoporosis.
special problem in older adults
Special Problem in Older Adults
  • Limited Income
    • Can’t afford nutritious foods
    • Food Stamp Programs
  • Difficulty in Shopping
    • Cause them to miss meals
    • Some grocery stores deliver for a small fee
    • Meals on Wheels
    • Church and Civil groups
  • Loneliness
    • Unappealing to eat
    • Eating is a social activity for some
    • Senior Centers (nutritious meals & activities)
    • Church & Civic Centers
nutrition amounts for older adults
Nutrition Amounts for Older Adults
  • Men 51+ Need…
    • 2 Cups Fruit
    • 2 ½ Cups Vegetables
    • 6 oz Grains
    • 5 ½ oz Protein
    • 3 Cups Dairy
    • 6 tsp Oil
  • Woman 51+ Need…
    • 1 ½ cups of Fruit
    • 2 cups of Vegetables
    • 5 oz Grains
    • 5 oz Protein
    • 3 cups of Dairy
    • 5 tsp Oil
nutrition for athletes
Nutrition for Athletes
  • Athletes have a high need for increased calories
  • 55-60% should come from complex carbohydrates. (whole grain breads, cereals, pasta, rice and starchy vegetables)
  • Choose lean meats and protein
  • Low-fat and fat free dairy products to meet the need for calcium.
  • Fresh fruits and vegetable will furnish the needed vitamins and minerals.
nutrition for athletes1
Nutrition for Athletes
  • Most athletes can meet their nutrition needs if they are following MyPlate.
  • Added supplements are not necessary unless a registered dietician is consulted and advises that there is a need for this.
    • Costly
    • Ineffective
    • Dangerous
dehydration in athletes
Dehydration in Athletes
  • Water is most likely to affect sports performance.
  • Loosing a lot of fluids during practice and competitions which can cause dehydration to happen quickly.
    • Before the event begin drinking fluids.
    • During the event drink ½ -1 cup of water in 15 minute intervals.
    • After you should consume more fluids.
dehydration in athletes1
Dehydration in Athletes
  • Sodium in sports drinks replaces the lost sodium during the event.
  • Water along with a normal well balanced diet can make up for the loss of sodium during an event.
nutrition for vegetarians
Nutrition for Vegetarians
  • A Vegetarianeats a diet built partly or entirely on plant foods.
  • Lacto-ovo vegetarians include dairy products and eggs.
  • Vegans eat no animal products or animal by-products.
    • Protein sources: legumes, nuts and grains.
nutrient concerns for vegetarians
Nutrient Concerns for Vegetarians
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin B12
  • Calcium
  • Iron
  • Zinc
  • Certain deficiencies can stunt growth in infants, children & teens.
  • They can affect the health of pregnant & lactating woman & their babies

* People in these groups need to consult a dietitian about their diet to make sure they are consuming the correct nutrients.

nutrition for those with food allergens
Nutrition for those with Food Allergens
  • A food allergy involves a response to the body’s immune system.
    • Blood Test will verify if you have these allergies.
  • Symptoms May Include
    • Diarrhea
    • Vomiting
    • Skin Rashes
    • Runny Nose
  • Most Common Food Allergies

-Milk - Eggs

-Fish - Shellfish

-Tree nuts -Peanuts

-Wheat -Soybeans

  • Largen, V., & Bence, D. (2008). Guide to good food. Tinley Parks, Illinois: The Goodheart-Willcox Company, Inc.