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First year practicals. Lab 4: Risk and masculinity Social psychology in an experimental setting. Today’s study. So far in the course you have been learning about cognitive psychology experiments Many social psychological constructs can also be studied in the lab

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first year practicals

First year practicals

Lab 4: Risk and masculinitySocial psychology in an experimental setting

today s study
Today’s study
  • So far in the course you have been learning about cognitive psychology experiments
  • Many social psychological constructs can also be studied in the lab
  • Today we’ll be looking at the effects of testosterone levels on risk taking behaviours
    • As a proxy measure for testosterone, we’ll measure your ‘digit ratio’
    • To measure risk-taking behaviour we’ll use the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART)
  • Then we’ll compare the risk taking for high- and low-testosterone individuals
digit ratio
Digit ratio
  • ‘Digit ratio’ is a possible way to measure testosterone, and male traits
  • On average males have longer ring (4th) fingers, relative to their index (2nd) finger, than females. This is thought to result from higher testosterone levels in-utero which are likely to continue to have effects later in life
  • The digit ratio is simply a way to quantify this difference in individuals
measure your digit ratio
Measure your digit ratio
  • With a ruler measure the lengths of your index and ring fingers ON YOUR LEFT HAND, from the tip to the crease where your finger joins the hand
  • Calculate your digit ratio (in excel?) by dividing the index finger length by the ring finger length
  • This tends to be around 0.85. Lower values indicate more testosterone which is correlated with more masculine character. Higher values may indicate a more feminine character.

length of index finger

Digit ratio =

length of ring (4th) finger

Take a note of your digit ratio. Are classed as ‘high’ or ‘low’ testosterone on this measure?

measuring risk taking tendency
Measuring risk taking tendency
  • There are many ways to measure risk taking behaviour with different pros/cons:
    • ask people whether they see themselves as risk-seeking/risk-averse (maybe they’ll lie?)
    • ask their friends/family whether they are a risk-seeker (do the friends know them well enough?)
    • ask them how they would react in various scenarios (less likely to lie but still might?)
    • measure how they actually react in those scenarios (often impractical?)
    • measure their risk-taking behaviour in a particular lab-based task (does it generalise?)
bart lejuez et al 2002
BART (Lejuez et al 2002)
  • The Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) measures risk taking in how far an individual wants to pump up a balloon for points (or actual financial) rewards
  • While being a lab-based behavioural task, the creators have shown that it correlates well with other measures of risk taking (Lejuez et al, 2002)
  • One of the interesting things is that men tend to be more risk-taking and women tend to be more risk-averse. Maybe people with higher testosterone (of either sex) will be more risk-taking
  • Today we’re going to run a slightly simplified version of the BART to see how testosterone relates to risk-taking

Now download, open and run the BART experiment in PsychoPy

  • You do need to fill in the dialog box fully – all the information there is needed for the batch analysis!