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The Coventry Economy Key Information. Corporate Research May 2012. www.facts-about-coventry.com. Contents. Context Demographics Deprivation in Coventry Current economic picture in Coventry Productivity and growth – Gross Value Added Earnings of people in work

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the coventry economy key information

The Coventry EconomyKey Information

Corporate Research

May 2012

www.facts-about-coventry.com

contents
Contents

Context

  • Demographics
  • Deprivation in Coventry

Current economic picture in Coventry

  • Productivity and growth – Gross Value Added
  • Earnings of people in work
  • Structure of the Coventry economy
  • Enterprise – new business formation
  • Coventry City Centre – footfall & void unitsUpdated (May 2012)
  • Labour Market – Employment, Jobseekers, out-of-work benefits and Job VacanciesUpdated (May 2012)
  • Skills
  • Public sector job losses - BBC researchUpdated (May 2012)

Click on an item to go directly to that content, alternatively scroll

through the slides

All data is current and up to date as of May 2012

slide3

The next update of this information is due in July 2012

▼ indicates Coventry rate lower than comparator

▲ indicates Coventry rate higher than comparator

● indicates Coventry rate no different to comparator

BME = Black Minority Ethnic (non White British)

*General Fertility Rate = number of live births per 1,000 women aged 15–44

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deprivation in coventry

The next update of this information is due in 2013/2014

Deprivation in Coventry
  • Index of Multiple Deprivation 2010. This uses data from 2008 so measures deprivation just before the recession hit
  • Coventry became slightly more deprived between 2005 and 2008 relative to other local authorities
  • 50th most deprived local authority (56th in 2005)
  • Income and employment deprivation most stark in Coventry, no change in this type of deprivation
  • Deprivation pattern within Coventry is broadly the same. Familiar picture, concentrated in the North East
  • Canley in particular became relatively more deprived, as did Tile Hill North and Radford Stoke Aldermoor and North Holbrooks became less deprived, as did NDC area, modestly

See map on Facts about Coventry

See report on Facts about Coventry

Source: Indices of Deprivation 2010, Department for Communities and Local Government

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gross value added
Gross Value Added
  • Gross Value Added (GVA) is a high level indicator of the general heath of the local economy. It measures the amount Coventry contributes to the UK economy
  • GVA per head is used as an approximate measure of productivity, total output per job in the area
  • GVA per head in Coventry in 2009 was £18,032, about 12% lower than the national average
  • Unsurprisingly, given the national economy was still in recession during the first two quarters of 2009, GVA per head in Coventry fell by 5% between 2008 and 2009 from £18,988
  • GVA per head in Coventry fell by more than the national average; a 2.5% drop on average across England
  • In 1995 GVA per head was higher than the national average but has grown since then by only 41% compared to 82% nationally
  • GVA per head is higher in Coventry than in areas considered appropriate to compare with (CIPFA statistical neighbours), see the charts below

Source: Office for National Statistics

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earnings of people in work
Earnings of people in work
  • The average (median) annual wage in 2011 (before tax) of all people who work in Coventry is estimated to be £23,549; higher than the average for all Coventry residents, £21,439
  • Those who work in Coventry, on average, earn 9% more than the England average of £21,650
  • People who work in Coventry earn on average 10% more than Coventry residents; many people commute into Coventry to work
  • The average annual growth in earnings between 2008 and 2011 for residents of Coventry and for those who work in Coventry has been just under 3% compared to an England average of just under 1%
  • Earnings growth in Coventry in the last year was the highest for the last 3 years

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employment by industry
Employment by industry
  • The largest broad sector of the Coventry economy is public administration, education and health which employs approximately 45,750 people in Coventry, almost a third (32%) of all employment
  • Manufacturing has become an increasingly smaller part of the economy in recent years and now makes up about 11% of employment, about 15,000 people
  • ‘Business services’ (banking, finance and insurance) has employed an increasing number of people in the city since 1998, increasing from 14% to 23% of all employment in 2008 (England 23%)
  • 58% of employees work for SMEs (business with less than 200 employees) compared to an England average of 69% (2008)
  • Between 2008 and 2010 the estimated number of employees at Coventry workplaces fell from about 147,000 to 143,000 with notable falls in business services, manufacturing and ‘other services’ jobs and a notable increase in public administration, education and health jobs

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employment by industry coventry workplaces

The next update of this information is due: September 2012

Employment by industry – Coventry workplaces

Source: ONS business register and employment survey 2010, NOMIS

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employment by industry12
Employment by industry

Back to Contents page

Source: Annual Business Inquiry 1998-2008, NOMIS

employment by industry13

The next update of this information is due: September 2012

Employment by industry

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This data must not be compared to the 1998-2008 data on the previous slide, they are from different sources

new business formation
New business formation
  • 965 new business registered in Coventry in 2010, an increase on 855 in 2009. The rate of business formation is however lower than it was in 2008 and in previous years. The rate is 38 per 10,000 adults compared to the England average of 49, about 25% lower than the national average
  • Due to the recession there has been a 14% fall nationally and a 16% fall amongst similar metropolitan areas between 2008 and 2010
  • Fall of 18% in business formation in Coventry, a greater fall than in the UK overall and other similar areas
  • Coventry has relatively more public sector employment, less self employment and relatively fewer SMEs than England
  • There was a significant fall between 2008 and 2009 before a recovery in 2010; this suggests that the extent of the drop in 2009 may have been the result a statistical ‘blip’ in the measurement

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business formation

The next update of this information is due: December 2012

Business formation

Source: ONS Business Demography data 2010

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city centre footfall
City Centre Footfall
  • Following a positive 2010, Coventry City Centre footfall returned to a year-on-year decline, with fewer visitors to the city centre being a result of the recession and slow growth in the economy

Footfall collected from the following sites; Smithford Way, Market Way, Upper Precinct, Hertford Street, City Arcade, Priory Place, Lower Precinct and West Orchards

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city centre void units
City Centre Void Units
  • After a positive reduction in the number of empty units in the city centre since 2009, figures have slightly risen over the past 18 months to 44 void units in the city centre at the beginning of 2012

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labour market october 2010 september 2011 data

Source: ONS Annual Population Survey October 2010 – September 2011, NOMIS

Labour MarketOctober 2010 – September 2011 data
  • There are an estimated 208,700 people of working age resident in Coventry (aged 16 – 64); about two thirds of the total population
  • About two thirds (64%) of working age residents of Coventry are in employment. Lower than the national average employment rate of 70%
  • The employment rate of 64% is down from 71% in 2007 before the recession; about 10,000 fewer in employment
  • About 134,000 people are in employment, 13,900 are unemployed and 60,600 people are economically inactive (e.g. long term sick, full time student, looking after family / home etc.)
  • The data gives an indication that the employment rate fell during the third quarter of 2011, with economic inactivity increasing (between Jul 2010–Jun 2011 and October 2010 – September 2011)
  • Those claiming Jobseekers’ Allowance make up the majority of those considered unemployed, although some don’t claim JSA
  • Many of those claiming other out of work benefits (IB / ESA, lone parents on IS) are considered to be economically inactive

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unemployment
Unemployment
  • The official unemployment rate estimates the number of people who are out of work and have actively sought work in the last 4 weeks. It is measured using a survey, the Labour Force Survey
  • Using this definition, an estimated 13,900 Coventry residents are unemployed (October 2010 – September 2011). The makes an unemployment rate of 9.4% of the economically active population compared to the England average of 8.0%. This rate should not be compared to the JSA rate
  • 10,321 claimants of Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA) in April 2012, a reduction from 10,949 in August 2011
  • The seasonally adjusted claimant count is 10,130,a rate of 4.9% of the working age population (April 2012).As the claimant count is usually higher than the annual average during April, the claimant count is adjusted downwards to remove this seasonal variation
  • The JSA claimant count peaked at 11,570, 5.6% in October 2009
  • JSA rate in April 2012; 3.9% across UK, 4.7% across the West Midlands region and 2.5% in Warwickshire

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unemployment jsa trends
Unemployment (JSA) - trends
  • There has been a general downward trend in the seasonally adjusted JSA claimant count in Coventry between August 2011 and April 2012 after an increase during the summer of 2011. The claimant count is now 2% lower than it was at the same time last year
  • Regionally and nationally the claimant count has been falling more slowly in recent months, the West Midlands is 3% and the UK 7% up on the same time last year. Warwickshire is down by 6% on last year
  • The gap between the UK and Coventry has narrowed since the recession in 2009-10; it increased during the recession when the Coventry claimant count increased by more than the national average. The gap between Coventry and Warwickshire has widened
  • 30,200 people claiming all out of work benefits, 14.5% of the working age population (q4 2011) (Metropolitan authorities average 15.8%, England average 11.9%)
  • During 2011 the total number of Coventry residents claiming out of work benefits was stable with slightly increasing numbers of jobseekers (JSA) and falling numbers of lone parents claiming Income Support

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unemployment jsa trends22

The next updates of this information are due: 20th June 2012, 18th July 2012, 15th August 2012

Unemployment (JSA) trends

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unemployment jsa

The next updates of this information are due: 20th June 2012, 18th July 2012, 15th August 2012

Unemployment - JSA

See map report on Facts about Coventry

Source: Jobseeker’s Allowance claimant count, ONS, NOMIS

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total out of work benefits claimants

The next update of this information is due: 15th August 2012, 14th November 2012

Total out-of-work benefits claimants

See report on Facts about Coventry

Total

Other

Lone Parents

Incapacity Benefits / ESA

JSA

Source: DWP Work and Pensions longitudinal study, NOMIS

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job vacancies
Job Vacancies
  • 2,988 vacancies in Coventry reported to Jobcentre Plus during April 2012. This represents only a proportion of all job vacancies
  • This means that the annual average number of vacancies in 2012 so far is about 3% higher than 2011. In Warwickshire it is about 2% up
  • In April 2012 there were just over 3 Jobseeker’s Allowance claimants chasing every reported vacancy in Coventry, broadly reflecting the national and regional average. In Warwickshire there were just under 2 job seekers per vacancy
  • In April 2012 the ratio between job seekers and job vacancies was lower than it was in April 2011. This is an indication of an improvement in the local labour market with slightly better prospects for a job seeker to secure work

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job vacancies26

The next updates of this information are due: 20th June 2012, 18th July 2012, 15th August 2012

JobVacancies

Source: Jobcentre Plus vacancies, Department for Work and Pensions, NOMIS

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the labour market mismatch
The labour market mismatch
  • On average there were 3.5 people on JSA per Jobcentre Plus vacancy in April 2012
  • In addition there are currently about 2,500 – 3,000 Coventry residents looking for work who are not on JSA benefits
  • Jobseekers looking for work in management or professional roles appear to face less competition with only just over 1 claimant looking for such work per vacancy
  • Higher skills generally better balanced but many start own business / do not need to sign on
  • The biggest mismatches are found in administrative & secretarial, sales & customer service and elementary occupations. There were 8-9 jobseekers per reported vacancy for this type of work

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the labour market mismatch28

The next updates of this information are due: 20th June 2012, 18th July 2012, 15th August 2012

The labour market mismatch

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skills
Skills
  • It is estimated that 29% of working age residents of Coventry have higher level qualifications, those equivalent to or higher than a degree. Similar to regional and national average; higher than the West Midlands city region average
  • 14% have no qualifications. Higher than the national average, lower than the West Midlands city region average

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skills30

The next update of this information is due: 18th July 2012

Skills

See report on Facts about Coventry

*Birmingham, Dudley, Sandwell, Solihull, Telford & Wrekin, Walsall & Wolverhampton

Source: ONS Annual Population Survey Jan 2010 – Dec 2010, NOMIS

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slide31

www.bbc.co.uk/coventryatwork

*Incomplete data for quarter 4 2011, awaiting results from some organisations. 122 posts cut is therefore a minimum for Q4 2011.

Data source: BBC & Coventry City Council research. www.bbc.co.uk/coventryatwork

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is the private sector absorbing public sector job losses

www.bbc.co.uk/coventryatwork

Is the private sector absorbing public sector job losses?
  • The total public sector job cuts in Coventry captured in this research in the quarter July to September 2011 was 311
  • In the quarter October – December 2011 there were at least 122 job cuts although not all organisations provided data for this quarter
  • All together from October 2010 to December 2011 there were 1,357

jobs cuts reported. About half the cuts have been in local public service providers and half in national ‘quango’ organisations with a small number reported from Universities.

  • It should be noted that the organisations supplying data in response to press enquiries has varied from quarter to quarter therefore the number of jobs cut may be under-reported
  • There has been limited in-sourcing or out-sourcing of services, and no evidence of wholesale transfer of jobs to the private sector through contracting
  • At the moment it is not possible to say whether or not the private sector is absorbing jobs lost to the public sector

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slide33

www.bbc.co.uk/coventryatwork

www.facts-about-coventry.com

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