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Road Safety -. Dr Krishnan Rajam Technical Officer, WPRO WHO. Workshop – interactive format . Basic principles Issues discussed Case studies from countries Need for participants to state personal and national experience ( will not be held accountable ) 5 min break after one hour

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road safety

Road Safety -

Dr Krishnan Rajam

Technical Officer, WPRO

WHO

workshop interactive format
Workshop – interactive format
  • Basic principles
  • Issues discussed
  • Case studies from countries
  • Need for participants to state personal and national experience (will not be held accountable)
  • 5 min break after one hour
  • Slides made available later
1 accidents injuries etc what causes them how do we prevent
1)“Accidents”, “Injuries”, etc – What causes them?How do we prevent?
  • Definitions
  • Causes - “human error?” or “system failure”
  • “Preventability”
slide5
“Accident” – denotes random event, chance occurrence, without pattern/predictability, unintentional nature, cannot be prevented
  • “Injury” – health outcome, more scientific, predictable because defined risk and protective factors, preventable
slide6
Personal

Vehicle

Environment

Pre-event

Avoid alcohol consumptionObey traffic lawsSupervised training

Daytime headlampsGood tyre, brakes

One-way streetsSpecial lanes for motorcyclingClear road signs and signals

Event

Wear fastened helmetPhysical fitness; exercise, bone strength

Good quality, well-fitting helmetLeg guards on cycleHeavy boots and clothing

Energy absorbing barriersRoadsides clear of fixed obstructionsGuardrail along cliff

Post-event

Rehabilitation

First aid kitEmergency radio

Communication networkTransportation networkEmergency services

2 how big is the problem
2) How big is the problem
  • What indicators – deaths, injuries, etc
  • Why under-reporting in most countries?
  • How can we assess road safety situation in a country?
3 how do we choose interventions decide priorities in road safety1
3) How do we choose interventions / decide priorities in road safety?
  • Data and Research
  • Short and Long term action plan
  • Education, Enforcement, Engineering (environmental)
  • Role of different sectors
  • Ease and Cost of interventions
4 data malaysia 2009
4) Data - Malaysia 2009

Lorries / trucks ?

5 fleet safety
5) Fleet safety
  • What factors affect safety of commercial / public transport vehicles?
fleet safety
Fleet safety
  • Fatigue, working hours, night time work
  • Use of medication, drugs, alcohol, ec
  • Condition of vehicles
  • Economic and Social factors affecting fleet operations and employment
6 legislation
6) Legislation
  • Viet Nam – Motorcycle helmet legislation
  • Malaysia – Rear seat belt legislation
  • What were the main lessons learnt ?
  • What issues remain?
  • What needs to be done?
7 activity short long term pedestrian safety measures
7) Activity Short / long term pedestrian safety measures
  • A 6 year old child dies after being knocked down by a car. She was crossing the road in front of the school at 7pm to catch the bus.
  • How can we prevent this tragedy?
pedestrian safety short and long term measures
Pedestrian safety- Short and long term measures
  • Education ? – not effective
  • Enforcement –
  • Long term measures – Environment measures, road crossing facilities, traffic calming, planning of roads/ school location, bus pick up
8 research
8) Research
  • Why is research important in road safety policy making?
  • Who does/funds the research?
road safety research
Road Safety Research
  • MIROS, UPM, HSPH, NUS, VTI, Sweden
  • Need to set priorities
  • Feed into policy and / or evaluate interventions
9 public private transport
9) Public / private transport
  • Which is safer?
  • Which is cost effective in the long term?
10 intersectoral cooperation mechanism for road safety
10) Intersectoral cooperation mechanism for road safety
  • Agencies within transport – most governments – Australia, New Zealand
  • Committees in Cabinet – Japan, Korea
  • Big challenge – How to convince all relevant ministries that road safety is their business too!!
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