Health Care. Health Care: Introduction. The Social Problems of Health Care in America
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Act of 2010
Summary of the HCER Act
CBS News: Jill Jackson and John Nolan
Cost: $940 billion over 10 years.
Deficit: Would reduce the deficit by $143 billion over the first ten years. Would reduce the deficit by $1.2 trillion dollars in the second ten years.
Coverage: Would expand coverage to 32 million Americans who currently are uninsured.
Act of 2010
Act of 2010
Definitions and Measurement
Obesity: A condition in which the natural energy reserve, stored as fatty tissue, is increased to a point where it is associated with certain health conditions or increased mortality.
Obesity typically is measured in relation to the Body Mass Index (BMI).
BMI = kilograms / meters2
The www provides BMI calculators that accept inches and pounds.
See, for example: http://www.consumer.gov/weightloss/bmi.htm
Cultural Significance of Body Weight
The cultural significance of body weight is not a social problem, unless perceptions lead to negative health or social outcomes.
Thus, what is thought of as “attractive” is not a social problem.
If, however, people hurt themselves physically (e.g., anorexia) to obtain a certain body image or are discriminated against because of their body type, then body weight becomes a social problem.
Contemporary social science research examines how body image, as perceived by self and others, affects how people treat themselves and are treated by others.
Most current attention, however, focuses upon the social causes and consequences of rapid increases in the rates of obesity.
Bone and joint problems
Some types of cancer
The U.S. Surgeon General estimates that, because of rising rates of obesity, the current generation of Americans will be the first to have a lower life expectancy than their parents.
Adapted from: Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
Euthanasia: The practice of terminating the life of a person, because they are perceived as living an intolerable life, in a painless or minimally painful way, either by lethal injection, drug overdose, or by the withdrawal of life support.
Euthanasia is a social problem because it challenges the moral principles that maintain social cohesion and social solidarity. That is, because it challenges our sense of ethics and morality, it threatens to hinder our sense of belonging to one another or our willingness to work effectively with one another.