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六级基础词汇. 赵剑峰 2012.7. Grey whales have long been _____ in the north Atlantic and hunting was an important cause for that. A) extinct B) extinguished C) detained D) deprived. extinct. extinct 灭绝的

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slide1

六级基础词汇

赵剑峰

2012.7

slide2

Grey whales have long been _____ in the north Atlantic and hunting was an important cause for that.

  • A) extinct B) extinguished
  • C) detained D) deprived
extinct
extinct
  • extinct灭绝的
  • If nothing is done to protect the environment, millions of spiders that are alive today will have become extinct.(2001)
  • instinct本能
  • Aggression is a kind of innate (天生的) survival mechanism, an instinct for self-preservation that allows animals to defend themselves from threats to their existences of human violence.(2002.6)
  • by instinct出于本能
  • on instinct凭直觉
d istinct distinctive
distinct; distinctive
  • Anything clearly noticed is distinct. A thing or quality that is clearly different from others of its kind is distinctive, or distinctfrom.
  • There’s a distinct smell of beer in this room
  • Beer has a very distinctive smell; it’s quite distinct from the smell of wine.
e xtinguish
extinguish扑灭;熄灭
  • They tired to extinguish the fames.
  • Firemen soon put the fire out.
  • The fire has goneout.
  • Absence to love is what wind is to fire. It extinguishes the small; it inflames the great.
  • 离别至于爱情好比风之于火,它能将小火熄灭,却使大伙熊熊燃烧。
d etain
detain扣留;拘留
  • -tain=keep
  • The police have detained the suspect.
  • We may also be quite confident that the present trend toward a shorter day and a shorter week will be maintained.(2003.6)
  • He abstained from smoking.(戒除)
  • renders foods calorie-free while retaining their vitamins(2000.1)
  • The last of these—in particular the introduction of vehicles powered by electricity—is ultimately the only sustainable option. (2000.6)
  • obtain获得
deprive
deprive
  • No one can function properly if they are deprived of adequate sleep.(2000.6)
  • pri=
  • private/public school
  • Saving Private Ryan
  • Live in privacy
  • privilege of birth与生俱来的优越
  • give priority to…
slide8

He was given major responsibility for operating the remote manipulator to ________ the newly launched satellite.

  • A) retreat B) retrieve
  • C) embody D) embrace
m anipulate
manipulate操纵
  • Too many vulnerable child-free adults are being ruthlessly (无情的) manipulated into parent-hood by their parents, who think that happiness among older people depends on having a grand-child to spoil. (2005.12)
  • mani-
  • manner/manage/manual
  • manuscript手稿
  • manacle手铐 (acle东西) handcuff(cuff袖口)
  • manufacture
  • maintain维护保养(用手)
  • mandate命令;委托书
retreat
retreat
  • Will space be an exotic(外来的) retreat reserved for only the wealthy? Or will middle-class folks have a chance to take their families to space? (2006.12)
  • maltreat虐待/malnutrition/malfunction
  • abuse/abnormal/abduct(诱拐)
  • treaty条约
  • NATO=North Atlantic Treaty Organization
retrieve
retrieve收回;检索
  • Consumers are not supposed to throw used computers in the trash because unscrupulous dealers will retrieve them for profit.(2005.1)
  • To retrieve some data, one has to consult a computer.
embody embrace
embody使具体化;embrace拥抱;包括
  • The author assert that all things American are fascinating to foreigners because they embody the most sophisticated technology.
em en
em- en前缀
  • ① 表示"进入…之中,包围”
  • embrace拥抱
  • embed安置;嵌于
  • empathy感情相融的
  • embarrass使难堪(em+barrass套子→进入套子→难堪)
  • enroll注册,记入名册(en+roll名单)
  • encage关入笼中(en+cage笼子)
  • enchain束缚(en+chain锁链)
  • enlist入伍
  • ② 表示"使…进入状态”
  • empower授权
  • embitter使痛苦(
  • emboss使凸出(em+boss凸出→使凸出)
  • enact制定;颁布(en+act行动→进入行动→颁布〔法令〕)
  • enchant使迷醉(en+chant咒语→被咒语所迷醉)
  • encompass包围,围绕(en+compass包围)
  • encourage鼓励(
  • enlighten启发,开导
slide14

Foreign students are facing unprecedented delays, as visa applications receive closer ________ than ever.

  • A) appraisal B) scanning
  • C) retention D) scrutiny
unprecedented
unprecedented空前的
  • proceed行进(go forward);进行(go on)
  • the process of history历史的进程
  • legal procedure诉讼程序
  • lantern procession提灯游行(行列)
  • precede领先;在…之前
  • ced,cede,ceed=go
ced cede ceed go
ced,cede,ceed=go
  • precede领先
  • precedent先例
  • preceding在前的
  • exceed超过
  • concede让步;迁就 (con加强语气)
  • accede同意;答应 (ac-=to)
  • recede后退,变少(re=back)
application
application
  • apply…to…
  • apply to
  • apply to…for…
  • appliance/instrument/equipment/device
  • applicant
  • applied/pure science
appraisal
appraisal
  • praise赞扬
  • appraise(给…赞扬)评价;估价
  • -al后缀
slide19
al后缀的四种含义
  • 形容词后缀
  • national → 国家的/民族的
  • basal → 基础的
  • equal → 相等的
  • loyal → 忠心的
  • formal → 正式的/形式上的
  • oral → 口头的/口述的
  • mental → 心理的/精神的
  • 名词后缀构成抽象名词
  • trial → 尝试/试验
  • arrival → 到达
  • removal → 移动/迁移
  • refusal → 拒绝
  • 表示“人”
  • arrival → 到达者
  • rival → 竞争者
  • rascal → 恶棍/歹徒
  • criminal → 犯罪分子/罪犯
  • 表示“物”
  • dial → 标度盘
  • animal → 动物
  • hospital → 医院
  • signal → 信号
slide20
scan
  • scan: look at every part of sth carefully, especially because you are looking for a particular thing or person
  • skim:read sth quickly in order to find a particular point or the main point
  • scandal丑闻
slide21
  • spot
  • watch
  • observe
  • witness
  • scrutiny仔细查看(scrunit拾荒者捡破烂)
  • glance瞥视
  • glimpse瞥见
  • sightsee观光
  • peer凝视
  • stare瞪
  • gaze远眺;注视
  • gape张着嘴看
tent tain
tent,tain
  • abstention戒
  • detention扣留
  • retention保持
  • sustenance营养;饮食
  • content
slide23

If you are late for the appointment, you might ________ the interviewer and lose your chance of being accepted.

  • A) irrigate B) intrigue
  • C) irritate D) intimidate
slide24

irrigate灌溉(ir=in; rig=water)

  • The lady seemed annoyed because I had dialed the wrong number. The second time, she seemed irritated.
  • irritate犹指不断重复而使人生气
  • Don’t be angry, Don’t be irritated. anger and irritation bring about early aging.
  • 不要气不要恼,气气恼恼人快老。
slide25
生气
  • anger
  • lose one’s temper
  • annoyance
  • provocation挑衅
  • displeasure不满
  • vexation烦恼;伤脑筋
  • fury狂怒
  • rage大怒
slide26

intrigue阴谋v. n.

  • schemes and intrigues阴谋诡计
  • trig=trick
  • trick sb into doing骗人做……
  • trick sb out of从…中骗取
  • tricky狡猾的 (-y形容词后缀)
  • intricate(内含很多tricks)错综复杂的
  • A detective story usually has an intricate plot.
  • complex许多部分合成的复杂; complicated相互纠缠以至于难懂,难以理解
intimidate
intimidate
  • timid羞怯的
  • intimidate=put sb into timidity=恐吓
  • shy
  • frightened
  • fearful
  • coward懦弱的
  • chicken胆小鬼 懦夫
slide28

Children’s idea of a magic kingdom is often dancers in animal ________ as they have often seen in Disneyland.

  • A) cushions B) costumes
  • C) skeletons D) ornaments
costume
costume
  • uniform
  • outfit特定场合用的,工作服
  • strip彩条服装
  • costume服装,特定装束
  • ornament装饰
  • furnish家具 装备
  • decoration装修
skeleton
skeleton骨架
  • a skeleton in the cupboard:secret which would embarrass sb if it became known (若揭露出来可能使某人难堪的)秘密
  • a skeleton crew [staff]骨干人员
  • walking skeleton 骨瘦如柴的人
slide31

Ever since the first nuclear power stations were built, doubts have ________ about their safety.

  • A) preserved B) survived
  • C) suspended D) lingered
preserve
preserve
  • serv= keep
  • conserve: use carefully without waste
  • conservethe forest; conserve one’s energy
  • conservative保守的
  • reserve: keep for special use
  • reserve a table
  • preserve: prevent sb/sth from being harmed or destroyed
  • preserve dead bodies from decay
viv vit vig
viv-,vit-vig生命 活力
  • vivid a 活泼的;生动的(viv+id)
  • revive v 复活 revival n 复活
  • survive v 存活,幸存 survival n 存活下来
  • vital a 至关重要的(vit+al)
  • vitality n 活力(vital+izy)
  • vitamin n 维生素(vit+a+min素→生命要素→维生素)
  • vigor n 精力vigorous a 精力旺盛的  
pend pens to weigh hang pay
pend; pens=to weigh, hang, pay
  • suspend悬挂 暂停
  • appendix附录
  • pension年金;养老金
  • compensate赔偿
  • indispensable
slide35

This clearly shows that crops and weeds have quite a number of ________ in common.

  • A) traits B) traces
  • C) tracks D) trails
trait
trait
  • trait
  • characteristic
  • character
  • feature
  • portrait肖像
  • profile侧面像
  • traitor叛徒,卖国贼
trace
trace
  • trace痕迹,极少量
  • a trace of 一丝,少许
  • trace back追溯
  • track轨道 跟踪
  • field田赛 track径赛
  • keep track保持联系 lose track失去联系
  • trail痕迹,小道
  • trialand error反复试验 从失败中找到方法
slide38

From science to Shakespeare, excellent television and video programs are available ______ to teacher.

  • A) in stock B) in store
  • C) in operation D) in abundance
  • in stock/out of stock
  • take stock of 对…进行评估
  • stock broker证券经纪人
abundance
abundance
  • be abundant/rich in富于…
  • Globalization has started a variety of trends with profound consequences: the opening of markets, true global competition, widespread deregulation (解除政府对…的控制) of industry, and an abundance of accessible capital. (2005.12)
slide40

When the Italian poet Dante was ________ from his home in Florence, he decided to walk from Italy to Paris to search for the real meaning of life.

  • A) exerted B) expired
  • C) exiled D) exempted
exert
exert
  • He exerted all his influence to make them accept his plan. 他用尽一切影响力使他们接受他的计划.
  • Her husband exerted a lot of pressure on her to succeed. 她丈夫殷切期望她能成功, 给了她很大的压力.
  • You'll have to exert yourself more if you want to pass your exam. 你若想考试及格, 就必须更加努力.
expire
expire断气;到期
  • spir呼吸;精神
  • conspire图谋
  • expire
  • inspire(注入精神力量)使产生灵感
  • aspire渴望; 追求
  • despair(失去精神力量)绝望
  • desperate绝望 孤注一掷
  • prosper(面前出现生气勃勃的景象)繁荣
exile
exile流放
  • exile流放
  • banish流放国外;驱逐出境
  • deport驱逐出境
slide44

Habits acquired in youth--notably smoking and drinking--may increase the risk of ________ diseases in a person’s later life.

  • A) consecutive B) chronic
  • C) critical D) cyclical
acquire
acquire
  • acquire学习得到
  • obtain长时间努力得到
  • gain赢得
  • acquisition
  • require
  • requisite 需要的东西
  • inquire/enquire
  • exquisite精美的
consecutive
consecutive
  • sec=follow
  • second the motion附议
  • consecutive(secut=follow)连续的
  • successive连续的execute执行;实施 处决
  • CEO: chief executive officer
  • persecute(per=throughout一直跟随)迫害
chronic
chronic
  • 疼痛的感觉
  • chronic慢性的
  • acute剧烈的,急性的
  • painful
  • sore酸痛
  • agonize极度痛苦
  • stabbing刺痛
  • chron=time
  • chronic
  • chronicle编年史
  • synchronize(syn相同的)使同步;使…一致
critical
critical
  • a critical remark
  • We are at a critical time in the history.
  • be critical of 对…吹毛求疵
  • critic批评家
  • criticize; criticism
  • crisis危机
  • crit=评判
  • criterion criteria(pl.)标准
slide49

F. W. Woolworth was the first businessman to erect a true skyscraper to ________ himself, and in 1929, A1 Smith, a former governor of New York, sought to outreach him.

  • A) portray B) proclaim
  • C) exaggerate D) commemorate
erect
erect
  • erect a monument
  • rect=straight; right
  • correct
  • direct
  • rectangle矩形,长方形
  • rectify纠正;校正
scrape
scrape
  • scrape刮;擦
  • scrap(scrape后的产物)碎片
  • scr=write
  • describe
  • ascribe
  • inscribe
  • prescribe
  • subscribe
  • transcription
slide52
out-前缀
  • outreach超出…范围
  • Our products outperform/outdo others’ in many aspects.
  • The advantages far outweigh the disadvantages. 利远大于弊。
  • He's already outgrown his older brother.
  • The French outlive American by more than four years.
  • In the elementary schools, the female teachers far outnumber the male counterparts
  • Our products are outselling other established imports.
slide53
out前缀
  • outbreak 爆发
  • outburst 爆发
  • outcome 结果
  • outflow 流出
  • outhouse 外屋
  • outing 郊游
  • outlast 长久
  • outlaw 歹徒
  • outline 大纲
  • output 输出
  • outrageous 蛮横的
  • outset 开头
  • outshine 光亮强过
  • outside 外面
  • outstanding 突出的
  • outstretch 伸出
  • outwards 向外地
  • outwit 瞒骗
proclaim
proclaim
  • claim=shout; cry out
  • claim声称;断言
  • acclaim欢呼(ac=to朝向)
  • counterclaim反诉(counter=against)
  • declaim演说(de=fully)
  • exclaim欢呼;大叫
  • proclaim宣布
slide55

To label their produce as organic, farmers have to obtain a certificate showing that no ________ chemicals have been used to kill pests on the farm for two years.

  • A) toxic B) tragic
  • C) nominal D) notorious
organic
organic
  • organic 器官的,有机的
  • organic substances, compounds, matter, etc 有机物质﹑ 有机化合物﹑ 有机物官的;有机的
certificate
certificate
  • certificate证书(certi确实,可证)
  • birth/death/marriage certificate
  • certify
  • certitude确实
  • certification证明(动作)
  • license执照
tragic
tragic
  • tragic sight悲惨的景象
  • tragedy 悲剧,惨事
  • comedy 喜剧 sitcom 情景喜剧
  • serial drama
  • script scenario plot villain(反派角色)
  • disaster
  • catastrophe
  • hazard危险 风险
nominal
nominal名义上的
  • nominal ruler of the country
  • name after
  • in the name of
  • call sb names
  • namely/that is to say/i.e.
  • surname=family name
  • nominate
  • anonymous(an=no nym=name)
notorious
notorious
  • notorious
  • noted/notable著名的
  • noticeable/noteworthy值得注意的
  • 著名的
  • famous/well-known
  • celebrated/distinguished/eminent/prestigious/prominent/renowned/outstanding/reputable
slide61

Ancient Greek gymnastics training programs were considered to be an ________ part of the children’s education.

  • A) intact B) integral
  • C) inclusive D) infinite
gymnastics
gymnastics
  • gymnastics体操
  • gymnasium 健身房 gym
  • athletics 体育运动
  • aerobics有氧运动
  • ethics伦理学
  • aesthetics美学
intact
intact未被触摸的;完整的
  • tactics 战术 策略
  • tang,tact,ting,tig,tag=touch
  • tangible可触摸的;有形的 intangible
  • contagious传染的 (需要接触)
  • infectious传染的(无需接触)
  • tangle 纠缠 混乱
  • integral完整的/integrate使一体/integrity完整;正直
inclusive
inclusive
  • include/exclude inclusive/exclusive
  • anything but/nothing but/all but
  • clus=close
  • close/closet密闭小空间
  • disclose/enclose/enclosure(附件)
  • conclude/conclusion/conclusive(结论性的,确凿的)
  • preclude阻止,排除
infinite finite
infinite/finite无限的/有限的
  • fin=end,界限
  • fine(赔偿一笔钱了结一件事)
  • finish/final/finalize(最后确定,定稿)
  • finance/financial
  • confine/restrict/limit to
  • define(定下界线)下定义
  • definition/definite/definitely
slide66

Researchers have found that happiness doesn’t appear to be anyone’s______; the capacity for joy is a talent you develop largely for yourself.

  • A) disposal B) domain
  • C) heritage D ) hostage
capacity
capacity(接受,容纳的)能力
  • cap=catch hold
  • escape=out of being caught
  • capture捕获/captive俘虏n. adj.
  • capsule 胶囊 太空舱
  • cabbage卷心菜
  • cabin小屋 机舱
  • cabinet内阁 橱柜
  • cap=head capital首都 资本 captain
capacity1
capacity能力 才干
  • ability
  • aptitude
  • competence能力 胜任
  • know-how专门技能 expertise专业知识
  • capability
  • proficiency精通 熟练
  • talent/gift/flair天分
  • faculty
disposal
disposal
  • at one’s disposal/dispose of
  • pos=put
  • position立场 职位 姿势
  • compose/composition成分;作曲
  • decompose 分解 component成分 元件
  • deposit使沉淀 储蓄
  • expose to /exposure/exposition展览会
  • impose强加 /oppose反对/opponent/opposition
  • propose/proposal/
domain
domain领地 范围 领域
  • dome圆形屋顶
  • home
  • domestic
  • dominate/dominant
  • predominant 占优势的;主要的
heritage inherit
heritage遗产 inherit继承
  • heritage文化遗产/legacy遗赠的财物/tradition传统
  • hes,her=stick
  • hesitate/hesitation
  • adhesive粘连的
  • cohesive粘合性的,又结合力的
  • adhere to粘附 坚持
  • heir继承人 successor后继者
  • inherent天生的
hostage
hostage
  • hostage
  • hostile
  • hospital
  • hospitality
  • a host of friends
  • hotel/hostel
slide73

We want our children to have more than job skills; we want their lives to be ____ and their perspectives to be broadened.

  • A) envisaged B) excelled
  • C) exceeded D) enriched
perspective
perspective透视法 远景 前途
  • perspective (per=throughout)
  • spect=see; look
  • expect/respect/despise鄙视
  • inspect
  • aspect
  • prospect景色;前途/prospective
  • spectacle 眼镜;奇观/spectacular壮观的
  • spectrum光谱;范围幅度
envisage
envisage想象 设想
  • vi=see
  • visit/visible/vision/visual/visualzie
  • revise/supervise
  • vista
  • evident/evidence
  • provide/provided
  • prudent(远虑的)谨慎的
  • wise/wisdom/wit/witty
  • witness
slide76

Online schools, which ________ the needs of different people, have emerged as an increasingly popular education alternative.

  • A) stir up B) switch on
  • C) cater to D) consent to
alternative
alternative
  • alter/change/vary/range
  • alternate交替/alternative/choice
  • alt,ali(变更,由此及彼)=other
  • alien外国的;陌生的;不相容的
  • ET=Extra-Terrestrial(地球的)
cater
cater
  • cater for为…提供饮食;迎合
  • cater for the party/banquet
  • TV must cater for many different tastes.
  • cater to满足需求
  • newspapers catering to people‘s love of scandal
slide79

This kind of songbird sleeps much less during its annual __,but that doesn’t seem to affect its flying.

  • A) migration B) emigration
  • C) conveyance D) transference
convey
convey 运送 传达
  • vey;vi=way
  • by way of /in a way/in no way/by the way/in the way/make way
  • vehicle
  • voyage航海;航行
  • deviate背离 偏离
  • obvious(摆在大路上)
  • previous/prior to
transfer
transfer
  • fer=carry,bring
  • differ
  • infer
  • confer
  • offer
  • prefer
  • suffer
trans
trans
  • transform
  • transmit
  • transparent(par=appear)
  • transition(it=go)过渡
  • transcend(scend=climb)
  • transcribe
  • transient短暂的
slide83

The developing nations want rich countries to help shoulder the cost of ________ forests.

  • A) updating B) upgrading
  • C) conserving D) constructing
shoulder
shoulder
  • shoulder one's way through the crowd
  • give sb/get the cold shoulder冷淡对待
  • 西方人冷遇客人时会端上冷的牛肩或羊肩
  • The burden of guilt has been lifted from my shoulders. 我已卸下了负疚的重担.
up up over
up前缀=向上up, over
  • upheaval n 隆起;动乱
  • uphold v 支持;拥护
  • uproot v 连根拔;根除
  • upgrade n 升级;上升
  • upfront a 显著的;重要的
  • upsurge高涨
  • upright正直的
  • uproar喧嚣 骚动
slide86

In the study, researchers succeeded in determining how coffee ________ different areas of the brain in 15 volunteers.

  • A) integrated B) motivated
  • C) illuminated D) activated
motivate
motivate激励
  • motive adj.运动的 n. 动机,目的
  • mot,mov,mob=move
  • emotion
  • promote
  • remote
  • motel
  • mob乌合之众
  • mobile/mobilize/immobile
illuminate
illuminate照亮
  • illuminating有启发性的 (lumin=light)
  • enlightened开明的 有知识的
  • light
  • in (the)light of鉴于;根据
  • throw/cast/shed light on使明白
  • light up照亮;使明白
  • enlighten启发 教导
  • highlight使突出 强调
  • lightening闪电 thunder
slide89

They are trying to ________ the risk as much as they can by making a more thorough investigation of the market.

  • A) minimize B) harmonize
  • C) summarize D) jeopardize
  • jeopardize使受损失
investigate
investigate
  • vestige 痕迹
  • inspect视察 look into
  • survey全面调查
  • probe(有探针)探查; 深入调查
  • explore探险 勘探
  • check检验 核对
  • scrutinize 详审 仔细看
minimize
minimize最小化
  • mini
  • miniature castle 微型城堡
  • minute微小的
  • diminish缩小 ;减少
  • minor/major/minority/majority
  • minimum/maximum/
  • min=project突出
  • eminent出众的 prominent著名的;杰出的
summarize
summarize总结
  • in sum总而言之/sum up总计,总结
  • summ=highest point
  • summit山顶 顶峰
  • sum, sumpt=take, use, waste
  • presume推断
  • assume/assumption假定;承担
  • consume/consumption
  • resume重新开始;继续
slide93

The cycles of the sun and moon are simple, but_____ forces which have shaped human lives since the beginning.

  • A) frantic B) gigantic
  • C) sensational D) maximum
  • frantic发狂的 发疯的
gigantic
gigantic巨大的
  • gigantic
  • vast
  • immense
  • enormous
  • colossal
  • titanic
  • massive
  • giant
  • sizable
sensational
sensational令人吃惊的
  • in a sense/make sense
  • nonsense废话/senseless无意义的
  • sensible/sensitive
  • sensation知觉;激动
  • sentiment感情,情绪;感想
  • assent同意n. v.
  • consent同意 resent愤恨
  • consensus一致同意
slide96

An effort was launched recently to create the first computer ________ of the entire human brain.

  • A) repetition B) repression
  • C) saturation (饱和,浸透)
  • D) simulation
  • launch threats, insults, gibes, etc at sb威胁﹑ 侮辱﹑ 奚落...某人
  • launch an attack/offensive (against the enemy) (向敌人)发起攻击[攻势]
repression
repression镇压 压抑
  • press conference
  • depress/depression
  • suppress压制 镇压(sup=sub下面)
  • express
  • impress sth on one’s mind/impress sth with
  • compress压缩
  • oppress压迫 压制
simulation
simulation模仿,假装
  • stimulate刺激
  • sim,sem,sym,syn=same
  • resemble与…像/assemble集合;装配
  • similar/similarity/assimilate吸收;同化
  • simultaneous同时的/spontaneous自发的/homogenous同质的/instantaneous瞬间的
  • symbol/symptom/sympathy
  • syndrome综合症
  • synonym同义词 synthesis同义词
slide99

In the face of the disaster, the world has united to aid millions of ____ people trying to piece their lives back together.

  • A) fragile B) primitive
  • C) vulnerable D) susceptible
  • piece拼凑
fragile
fragile 脆弱的
  • fragment碎片
  • frag=break
  • fraction碎片;分数(decimal)
  • fracture断裂;折断
primitive
primitive原始的,早期的,粗糙的
  • prior to/priority
  • (superior/inferior/interior/subordinate)
  • primary初级的,首要的
  • prime首要的
  • precaution小心,警惕
  • prevail(vail=strength力量领先)战胜流行 prevalent
  • presume(sum=take)
  • preclude阻止;妨碍
  • predominant突出的,支配的
  • pretext借口,托辞
slide102

be vulnerable to

  • susceptible(cept,ceiv=take)易受影响的
  • receive/reception/receipient接受者
  • conceive/concept/conceit自满
  • deceive/deception欺骗/deceit欺骗
slide103

AIDS is a global problem that demands a unified, worldwide solution, which is not only the responsibility of nations in which AIDS is most ________.

  • A) relevant B) prevalent
  • C) vigorous D) rigorous
  • be relevant to 有关
  • rigorous严密的,严格的 rigid严厉的,刻板的
solution
solution解决方法;溶液
  • solve解决,溶解
  • dissolve 溶解 解散
  • resolve(re加强意义)溶解 决心
  • resolve to do/on doing
  • New Year Resolution
  • be resolute in doing决心做
  • absolve解除罪责/absolute不受限制的,绝对的/absolutely
  • absolutely/completely/totally/entirely/thoroughly/utterly/wholly
slide105

After the earthquake, a world divided by ________ and religious disputes suddenly faced its common humanity in this shocking disaster.

  • A) ethnic B) epidemic
  • C) strategic D) pathetic
  • ethnic民族的 ethic伦理
  • epidemic流行的(dem=people)
  • democracy(cracy=rule)民主
pathetic
pathetic
  • in sympathy with支持,赞同
  • miserable
  • wretched
  • pitiable
  • pathetic
dispute
dispute
  • dispute争论,辩论
  • argue辩论,争辩
  • debate辩论,讨论
  • discuss讨论
  • quarrel争吵
  • row口角,吵架
  • feud世仇
slide108

Psychologists suggest that children who are shy are more ________ to develop depression and anxiety later in life.

  • A) eligible B) engaged
  • C) prone D) prospective
  • engage雇佣,忙于 engagement订婚
  • be busy with/be engaged in/be occupied in忙于做某事
eligible
eligible有资格的,有条件被选中的
  • lect, leg, lig=choose
  • neglect(neg=no lect=choose)忽视 ignore
  • elect/collect/select
  • delegate(de=from被选出来的)代表
  • elegant(精心挑选出来的)优雅的
  • diligent勤奋的
  • eligible/qualified/suitable
prone
prone
  • tend to do
  • be likely to
  • be prone to
  • be liable to
  • be inclined to
  • be apt to do
slide111

Initially, the scientists and engineers seemed ________ by the variety of responses people can make to a poem.

  • A) reinforced B) embarrassed
  • C) depressed D) bewildered
  • bewildered=confused
reinforce
reinforce
  • come into force/being/existence
  • enforce执行;强加
  • make joint efforts to do
  • fort堡垒
  • fortify加固
slide113

Is it possible to stop drug ________ in the country within a very short time?

  • A) adoption B) addiction
  • C) contemplation D) compulsion
contemplate
contemplate沉思
  • consider/take sth into consideration
  • reflect反思
  • speculate猜测
  • ponder深思
  • meditate静思,冥想(宗教)
slide115

adopt收养;采纳

  • adapt适应,改编
  • adept熟练的
  • be apt at doing聪明的 be apt to do倾向
  • opt/option/optional
addiction
addiction
  • be addicted to
  • dictation/dictate/dictator
  • diction用词,措辞
  • contradict反驳
  • predict/foresee/foretell/forecast
  • verdict裁定,定论
  • dedicate/devote to
  • indicate
compulsion
compulsion逼迫,强迫
  • force>compel>oblige
  • compulsory education
  • pel/puls=push
  • expel驱逐,开除
  • propel推进
  • impulse 推动,刺激
  • pulse脉搏
  • repel驱赶
slide118

The parents of Lindsay, 13, an ________ tennis player who spends eight hours a day on the court, admit that a regular school is not an option for their daughter.

  • A) exotic B) equivalent
  • C) elite D) esthetic
  • exotic异国的,外来的
  • elite精英 grass root基层群众(草根)
  • esthetic美学
slide119

Our research confirmed the ________ that when children have many different caregivers, important aspects of their development are liable to be overlooked.

  • A) hypothesis B) hierarchy
  • C) synthesis D) syndrome
  • hypothesis假设 synthetic合成的
  • hypo=under, less
  • hyper=over, exceed
slide120

overbid 出价高

  • overcharge 讨价过高
  • overcome 战胜
  • overdose 配药过量
  • overdue 过期的
  • overexert 用力过度
  • overflow 溢出
  • overgrow 长满
  • overhead 经常开支
  • overhear 无意中听到
  • overjoyed 狂喜的
  • overlap 重叠
  • overload 超载
  • overlook 俯瞰
  • overtaken 追上
  • overthrow 推翻
  • overweight 超重
  • overwhelm 压倒
  • overwork 过度操劳
slide121

Because of the ________ of its ideas, the book was in wide circulation both at home and abroad.

  • A) originality B) subjectivity
  • C) generality D) ambiguity
originality
originality
  • originality创新性 novelty新奇性
  • original原始的/initial最初的
  • ori=东方,出处
  • Orient东方=Occident西方(cid=set)
  • orientation定位
  • examination-oriented education
  • cid=set 下降 kill
  • accident/incident
subjective
subjective主观的
  • She was subjected to torture.(遭受)
  • ject=throw
  • eject喷射 erupt
  • inject…into sb=inject sb with注射
  • object反对 objective客观的
  • project投射,工程 projector投影仪
  • jet喷气式飞机
generality
generality 概述 普遍性
  • in general-----in particular
  • generalization一般化;概括
  • gen=生殖;产生
  • generate
  • generation
  • degenerate衰退
  • gender/sex
  • pregnant(在生育前的)怀孕 conceive
  • be generous to sb/with sth慷慨的
ambiguity
ambiguity
  • ambiguous有歧义
  • vague含糊,言辞笼统难以理解
  • dim光线暗淡
  • amb流动
  • ambition/ambitious
  • embassy大使馆/ambassador
slide126

With its own parliament and currency and a common ________ for peace, the European Union declared itself—in 11 official languages—open for business.

  • A) inspiration B) assimilation
  • C) intuition D) aspiration
  • intuition(in=into; tu=look)直觉
  • insight/instinct/sixth sense
declare
declare
  • declare宣布
  • state
  • assert
  • affirm断言,声称
  • proclaim
  • announce
  • clar=clear
  • clarify/clarity
slide128

America has now adopted more ___ European-style inspection systems, and the incidence of food poisoning is falling.

  • A) discrete B) solemn
  • C) rigorous D) autonomous
  • discrete(cret=separate)分离的
solemn
solemn严肃的
  • serious
  • grave
  • sober冷静的,严肃的
  • solemn(一年一度的宗教仪式)
  • sol=alone
  • solitary/solitude
  • solidarity团结一致
  • console(共同表示独身的寂寞)
  • sol=sun solar system
incidence
incidence发生率,影响范围
  • incident政治事变,小事情(in)
  • cad,cid=fall
  • accident/accidentally
  • incident/incidentally
  • occasion/occasionally
  • coincide/coincidence
  • Occident/Orient
  • casualty因意外死伤者
autonomous
autonomous自治的
  • auto=sefl
  • autobiography(bio=life; graphy=writing)
  • automate/automation
  • autonomy=self-government
  • ATM = Auto Teller Machine
  • authentic(hent=doer)可信的,真的
  • autism孤独症
slide132

Mainstream pro-market economists all agree that competition is an ________ spur to efficiency and innovation.

  • A) extravagant B) exquisite
  • C) intermittent D) indispensable
  • spur 刺激因素
  • efficiency/frequency/proficiency/sufficiency
  • innovation(nov=new) novel; renovate修复
  • exquisite精美的
innovation
innovation
  • nov=new
  • novel
  • novelty
  • renovate修复,休整
extravagant
extravagant
  • extravagant铺张浪费/luxurious豪华的
  • extra-,exter, extro=outside, outward
  • exterior外部的
  • external外部的,表面的
  • extraordinary(ordin=order)
  • extrovert 外向的
  • vag=wander
  • vague含糊的/vagrant流浪汉
intermittent
intermittent断续的,间歇的
  • continual(一再重复)/continuous(不间断)/interval(间隔)
  • inter, intel, enter=between
  • interrupt(rupt=break)
  • intellectual(lect=choose在中间选择)
  • intervene(ven=come)干预
  • intercede(ced=go)调停
  • intersect(sect=cut)交叉
intermittent1
intermittent断续的,间歇的
  • mit,mis=send
  • missile/mission
  • commit/commitment委托
  • emit/emission
  • omit/omission(o=ob=away)
  • transmit
  • submit(sub=under)服从;提交
slide137

In the late 19th century, Jules Verne, the master of science fiction, foresaw many of the technological wonders that are ________ today.

  • A) transient B) commonplace
  • C) implicit D) elementary
  • commonplace老生常谈;平常的
transient
transient短暂的,转瞬即逝的
  • trans=beyond; across; over
  • transaction/transform/translate
  • it=go
  • circuit/circuitous(circu=round)环行
  • initiate/initiative/initial
  • perish(per=thoroughly)毁灭;腐坏
  • transit横断;通过
implicit
implicit含蓄的,不明确的
  • ply , plic = fold
  • imply(向里折叠)/indicate/hint/suggest
  • complicate/complex(折叠在一会儿)
  • explicit明白的
  • exploit功绩;剥削(公诸于众人之前的行为)
implicit1
implicit含蓄的,不明确的
  • ply , plic = fold
  • triple/multiple/quadruple
  • diploma文凭(折成二层的纸)simple(一层)
  • deploy(重叠的东西散开)部署
  • replicate复制/duplicate复制,加倍
  • perplex(完全卷入)困惑的,混乱的
slide141

I was so ________ when I used the automatic checkout lane in the supermarket for the first time.

  • A) immersed B) assaulted
  • C) thrilled D) dedicated
  • assault/insult/result
  • thrilled/frantic疯狂的/keen热心的/zealous热情的
  • dedicated/devoted/committed
immerse
immerse浸入
  • merge=sink; dip沉没,浸泡
  • merge沉没,合并
  • emerge
  • emergency
  • submerge
slide143

His arm was __ from the shark’s mouth and reattached, but the boy, who nearly died, remained in a delicate condition.

  • A) retrieved B) retained
  • C) repelled D) restored
  • reattach/attach/detach
  • retrieve:检索,收回
  • repel驱赶
  • restore恢复
slide144

Bill Gates and Walt Disney are two people America has ________ to be the Greatest American.

  • A) appointed B) appeased
  • C) nicknamed D) dominated
  • appease安抚,绥靖
slide145

The ________ majority of citizens tend to believe that the death penalty will help decrease the crime rate.

  • A) overflowing B) overwhelming
  • C) prevalent D) premium
  • penalty/punish
premium
premium奖金,津贴
  • pre=before
  • precaution预防
  • preclude(clude=shut)阻止,排除
  • predecessor 前任,祖先
  • preface序言,开场白
  • pregnant(gen,gn产生)
  • preliminary预备的
  • preside(side=sit)
slide147

We will also see a ________ increase in the number of televisions per household, as small TV displays are added to clocks, coffee makers and smoke detectors.

  • A) startling B) surpassing
  • C) suppressing D) stacking 堆积

detect/detective/detector

  • startled/surprised/shocked/astonished/stunned
slide148

The advance of globalization is challenging some of our most ________ values and ideas, including our idea of what constitutes “home”.

  • A) enriched B) enlightened
  • C) cherished D) chartered
  • charter特许状;准予
constitute
constitute
  • sta=stand
  • contrast
  • withstand抵抗
  • outstanding杰出的
  • static静止的
  • assist/persist(per=through)/resist
  • institute/substitute
  • prostitute(站在众人前)妓女
  • statue/status/
slide150

Researchers have discovered that ________ with animals in an active way may lower a person’s blood pressure.

  • A) interacting B) integrating
  • C) migrating D) merging
slide151

The Beatles, the most famous British band of the 1960s, traveled worldwide for many years, _____ cultural barriers.

  • A) transporting B) transplanting
  • C) transferring D) transcending
transcend
transcend超越
  • scend, scal=climb
  • ascend v./ascent n.
  • transcend
  • descend/descent/descendant
  • escalator
slide153

In his last years, Henry suffered from a disease that slowly ________ him of much of his sight.

  • A) relieved B) jeopardized
  • C) deprived D) eliminated
  • relieve/believe/grieve/prove v.
  • eliminate剔除,淘汰
slide154

Weight lifting, or any other sport that builds up your muscles, can make bones become denser and less ____ to injury.

  • A) attached B) prone
  • C) immune D) reconciled
  • dense密度大的
  • immune(mun=service) municipal市政的
  • reconcile和解
slide155
pone
  • be inclined to
  • be apt to
  • tend to
  • be prone to
  • be liable to 易于…