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Groundwater Development on the Embera Indian Comarca, Southern Darién Province, Panamá IAH 2012 Congress 16-21 September 2012 Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada. Michael E. Campana Oregon State University The Ann Campana Judge Foundation www.acjfoundation.org aquadoc@oregonstate.edu.

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Groundwater Development on the Embera Indian Comarca, Southern Darién Province, Panamá IAH 2012 Congress16-21 September 2012Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada

Michael E. Campana

Oregon State University

The Ann Campana Judge Foundation

www.acjfoundation.org

aquadoc@oregonstate.edu

talk organization
Talk Organization
  • Project background and objectives
  • Location
  • The USA team
  • Instruction, project photos
  • Accomplishments
  • Failures
  • Recent events
project background
Project Background
  • Conducted under the auspices of
  • Lifewater International
  • Invited by Embera Indians of
  • Panamá’s S. Darién Province
  • Survey trip in March 1999 and
  • “shopping trip” in January 2000
  • 2-week training trip in May 2000
  • Cost: about $30,000
project objectives 1 teach water self sufficiency 2 promote social entrepreneurship
Project Objectives:1)Teach Water Self-Sufficiency 2) Promote Social Entrepreneurship
  • Train Embera Indians to drill and

complete wells with the LS-100

drilling rig (www.lonestarbit.com)

  • Establish ‘cottage industry’ – well

drilling, hand pump manufacture

and repair

  • Provide on-site instruction
project location
Project Location
  • About 200 air kilometers from
  • Panamá City
  • Remote area – Rio Sambú
  • valley, dense rain forest
  • No road access – plane,
  • freighter, or pack animal
  • Somewhat dangerous – abuts
  • Colombia (FARC guerrillas)
the usa team
The USA Team
  • Michael Campana (hydrogeologist) -

team leader, fundraiser

  • Loring Green (geologist) - lead

trainer, mechanic, stockbroker

  • Bob Jarrett (engineer) - trainer,

mechanic, medic

  • Craig Woodring (engineer) - trainer
accomplishments
Accomplishments
  • Trained 6-man Embera team
  • Team drilled three wells: two producers (c.

100 Lpm) and one dry hole (< 4Lpm)

  • Team installed one submersible and one

hand pump

  • Provided one LS-100, mud pump, 150 m of 10 cm ID PVC, drilling mud, 3 Bush hand pumps, cement, submersible pump, tools
failures
Failures
  • Poor USA-Panamá communications

with locals; made coordination and

planning difficult

  • No follow-up – future trips were

canceled because of dangerous

conditions (Plan Colombia)

  • Lost touch with team after training
recent events
Recent Events
  • In late 2007 learned that the Embera team is still active and apparently still drilling (as of 2010)
  • Need more water – population has doubled
  • Possible follow-up trip (2012?) to check on team activities and needs.
thank you
Thank You!

WaterWired blog:

http://www.waterwired.org

WaterWired Twitter:

http://twitter.com/waterwired

ACJF: http://www.acjfoundation.org

"We make a living by what we get, we make a life by what we give.” – Winston Churchill