best ch 4 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Granites PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Granites

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 23

Granites - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 107 Views
  • Uploaded on

Best, Ch. 4. Granites. Granites. Petrography Field relations Origin Time-space patterns in plutons S-type and I-type compositions. Petrography. Fabric Classification Alteration. Fabric. Hypidiomorphic granular Equigranular Porphyritic Pegmatitic Graphic. Anisotropy. Foliatiation

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Granites


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. Best, Ch. 4 Granites

    2. Granites • Petrography • Field relations • Origin • Time-space patterns in plutons • S-type and I-type compositions

    3. Petrography • Fabric • Classification • Alteration

    4. Fabric • Hypidiomorphic granular • Equigranular • Porphyritic • Pegmatitic • Graphic

    5. Anisotropy • Foliatiation • Lineation • Segregation layers

    6. Compositional Classification • Q-Ab-Or diagram • Chemical classification is useful • Quartz, K-spar, Plagioclase diagram • Modal classification also is good

    7. Textural Classification • Porphyry • Large crystals in a fine-grained matrix • Aplite • Leucocratic, fine sugary texture • Granophyre • Micrographic texture

    8. Pegmatite • Extremely coarse-grained with rare euhedral minerals • Li, Be, Zr, Nb, Mo, Sn, Ta, W,Th, U concentrated • Late-phase of granitic intrusions • Lit-par-lit metamorphism

    9. Alteration • Most granites show some degree of alteration • High temperature minerals replaced by low temperature ones

    10. Field Relations • General distribution • External contacts • Form of intrusions • Internal features • Time and depth of emplacement

    11. General Distribution of Granites • Concentrated in orogenic belts • Located at the margins of continents • Also in deeply eroded Precambrian shields • Alkaline granites occur in rift zones

    12. Mesozoic Batholiths, USA • Sr isotopes lower in west than east • Boundary between shelf (ss, ls, sh) and back arc basin (greywacke, basalt, cherts) • 0.706 line represents old craton margin • Two eastward migrating plutonic series • Concentric zoned plutons

    13. External Contacts • Sharp contacts • Gradational border zones • Contact breccia • Migmatite

    14. Form of the Intrusion • Dike • Ring dikes • Cone Sheets • Sill • Laccolith • Batholith

    15. Interior of Bodies * • Zoned plutons • Mafic to felsic • Mafic inclusions • Arrangement • Abundance • Stoping

    16. Origin • Magmas vs. granitization • Room problem • Form of large batholiths • Zoned plutons • Origin of magmas

    17. Origin of Plutons:Compositional Arguments • Lowest temperature melts have subequal amounts of Q, Or and Ab • Partial melting of crustal rocks produces a liquid in the thermal valley • Crystal/liquid fractionation would produce a liquid which crystallizes Q, Or, AB in subequal amounts

    18. Effect of Water Content Hypersolvus granite vs. Subsolvus granite

    19. Hypersolvus Granite • Crystallize a homogeneous feldspar containing Na, K, and Ca components • This subsequently exsolves to Perthite • This indicates a relatively dry magma

    20. Subsolvus Granite • Both plagioclase and K-spar crystallize together • Little exsolution • Relatively wet melts