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Improvers. Week 7 Review of Pre-emptive Bidding. Pre-emptive Bidding. Objective To make it difficult for opponents to find the correct contract when we have a weak hand with a long suit and they have the majority of the HCP. Pre-emptive Bidding. Requirements A 7 card suit

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slide1
Improvers

Week 7

Review of Pre-emptive Bidding

pre emptive bidding
Pre-emptive Bidding
  • Objective
  • To make it difficult for opponents to find the correct contract when we have a weak hand with a long suit and they have the majority of the HCP
pre emptive bidding1
Pre-emptive Bidding
  • Requirements
  • A 7 card suit
  • Weak hand (usually 5-9 HCP)
  • No 4 card major in another suit
  • Partner has not bid
pre emptive bidding2
Pre-emptive Bidding
  • Bid as high as we can safely
  • Allow for the contract being doubled
  • Should be cheaper than opponents making game
  • If vulnerable can go 1 off
  • If non vulnerable can go 2 off
count winners
Count Winners
  • With 7 in suit assume rest divide 2/2/2
  • Count 5 winners
  • Add A or K (count each as a winner)
  • Add outside suit winners
  • Be Optimistic
  • Add 3 non vulnerable or 2 vulnerable
  • If result is 9 bid 3 of the suit
  • If the result is 10 bid 4 of the suit
  • Bid result up to game
pre empt example 1
Pre-empt Example 1

7

4

2

  • 7 HCP
  • 7 ‘s
  • 7 winners
  • Bid vul 3 
  • Bid non vul 4 

A

K

T

9

7

6

4

3

6

5

pre empt example 2
Pre-empt Example 2

7

4

2

  • 7 HCP
  • 8 ‘s
  • 8 winners
  • Bid vul 4
  • Bid non vul 5

A

K

T

9

7

6

4

3

2

6

pre empt example 3
Pre-empt Example 3

J

7

4

2

  • 8 HCP
  • 7 ‘s
  • 7 winners
  • 4 ‘s
  • Close to rule of 20
  • Bid 1 
  • Allows partner a bid to find a fit in 

A

K

T

9

7

6

4

3

6

pre empt example 4
Pre-empt Example 4

K

T

8

  • 6 HCP
  • 7 ‘s
  • 6 winners
  • Bid vul Pass
  • Bid non vul 3

J

7

6

5

4

3

2

Q

8

6

pre empt example 5
Pre-empt Example 5

K

T

8

  • 8 HCP
  • 7 ‘s
  • 7 winners
  • Bid vul 3
  • Bid non vul 4

K

7

6

5

4

3

2

Q

8

6

pre empt example 6
Pre-empt Example 6

K

T

8

  • 12 HCP
  • 7 ‘s
  • 8 winners
  • Bid 1
  • Too strong for pre-empt

K

7

6

5

4

3

2

Q

8

A

pre empt example 7
Pre-empt Example 7
  • Extreme example
  • 7 HCP
  • 9 ‘s
  • 9 winners
  • Bid 5 any vul
  • If opponents overcall bid 6

7

5

4

5

A

K

T

8

6

5

4

3

2

pre empt example 8
Pre-empt Example 8
  • Extreme example
  • 3 HCP
  • 9 ‘s
  • 8 winners
  • Bid 5  any vul
  • If opponents overcall bid again

7

5

4

5

K

T

9

8

6

5

4

3

2

pre emptive bids
Pre-emptive Bids
  • Compete strongly with shapely weak hands
  • Normally after a pre-empt do NOT re-bid if opponents overcall
  • You’ve had your say - leave it to partner
  • Do not pre-empt if partner has bid
  • HCP are a guide – the longer the suit the less HCP matter
  • Count of winners is a better guide
responding to partner s pre empt
Responding to Partner’s Pre-empt
  • The pre-empt is meant to put off opponents
  • It can also make it difficult for us!
  • As partner is weak we need to be strong to bid on
  • Partner will not have many cards in outside suits
response to pre empt example 1
Response to Pre-empt Example 1

A

J

T

6

5

  • Partner opens 3 
  • 17 HCP
  • Partner is weak
  • We have 3 
  • Entries to partners long suit
  • Stops in other suits
  • Bid 3NT

A

J

9

K

6

A

6

2

response to pre empt example 2
Response to Pre-empt Example 2

A

J

T

6

5

  • Partner opens 3 
  • 17 HCP
  • Partner is weak
  • We have 2
  • Too few entries to partners long suit for NT
  • Bid 5
  • If partner opens 4 bid 4NT (Blackwood)

A

J

9

A

K

6

6

2

response to pre empt example 3
Response to Pre-empt Example 3

A

J

T

6

5

  • Partner opens 3 
  • 21 HCP
  • Partner is weak
  • We have 2
  • Too few entries to partners long suit
  • Bid 4NT (Blackwood)
  • If partner bids 5  (No key cards) then Pass
  • If partner bids 5 (1 key card) or 5 (2 key cards) bid 6 
  • If partner bids 5 (2 key cards + Q) bid 7NT!

A

K

Q

A

K

6

6

2

response to pre empt example 4
Response to Pre-empt Example 4

4

3

  • Partner opens 3
  • 14 HCP
  • Partner is weak
  • We have 2
  • Too few entries to partners long suit for NT
  • Bid 4
  • Bit of a risky bid but worth a go

K

J

T

6

2

A

6

5

A

Q

5

response to pre empt example 5
Response to Pre-empt Example 5

4

3

  • Partner opens 3
  • 17 HCP
  • Partner is weak
  • We have 2
  • Too few entries to partners long suit for NT
  • Bid 4NT (Blackwood)
  • With 2 key cards bid 6 with fewer bid 5

A

K

J

T

2

A

6

5

A

Q

5

responses to pre empts
Responses to Pre-empts
  • Always remember partner is weak
  • Bid on with strong hands
  • Only bid a new suit with 6+ cards – partner will Pass a new suit bid
  • It may be a bit of a guess
  • Only go to NT with 3 of partners pre-empt suit – you need entries
defence to pre empts
Defence to Pre-empts
  • Very difficult
  • That’s why we pre-empt!
  • Overcall with a 6+card suit
  • Use Take Out Doubles with 16+ HCP
  • With 20+HCP and 2 stops in the pre-empt suit bid 3NT
  • It often involves a guess
defence example 1
Defence example 1

J

T

  • Opponent opens 3 
  • 17 HCP
  • Good 6 card suit
  • Bid 4

K

8

A

Q

8

A

K

9

8

5

3

defence example 2
Defence example 2

A

J

T

4

  • Opponent opens 3
  • 18 HCP
  • Strong hand
  • Bid * for take out
  • Partner can bid a suit
  • Or leave for penalties

K

8

A

Q

8

A

9

5

3

defence example 3
Defence example 3

A

J

4

  • Opponent opens 3
  • 20 HCP
  • Strong hand
  • 2 stops in 
  • Bid 3NT
  • Partner should Pass unless looking for slam

K

Q

8

A

Q

8

A

9

5

3

summary
Summary
  • Use Pre-empts to make life difficult for opponents
  • If you have a 7+ card suit and are in doubt bid the pre-empt!
  • You can also pre-empt over opponents bids – double jump is a pre-empt
  • Do NOT overbid after partner pre-empts - never punish partner for competing
  • When bidding after opponents pre-empt its often a guess that can go wrong
  • But it’s the same for the other tables!