YOUTH FLYING CLUB. BASIC FLYING COURSE AIR TRAFFIC RULES AND SERVICES. AIRSPACE. CONDITIONS OF VFR FLIGHT. AIRSPACE. CONTROLLED AIR SPACE. UNCONTROLLED AIR SPACE. CONTROLLED AIRSPACE. A pilot may fly under Visual Flight Rules in controlled airspace provided he is able to remain-
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YOUTH FLYING CLUB BASIC FLYING COURSE AIR TRAFFIC RULES AND SERVICES
AIRSPACE CONDITIONS OF VFR FLIGHT AIRSPACE CONTROLLED AIR SPACE UNCONTROLLED AIR SPACE
CONTROLLED AIRSPACE • A pilot may fly under Visual Flight Rules in controlled airspace provided he is able to remain- • 1.5 km Horizontally; • 300m (1000 ft) Vertically away from cloud • In flight visibility- Min 8 km or as dictated by ATC.
CONTROLLED AIRSPACE 1,000 ft 8km Flight visibility AWAY FROM CLOUD 1.5km 1,000 ft
UNCONTROLLED AIRSPACE • Outside Controlled Airspace, a pilot may fly under Visual Flight Rules if; • >3000ft • 1.5 km Horizontally; • 1000ft vertically from cloud, • In flight visibility of 8 km. • <3000ft • Clear of cloud and in sight of the surface, • In flight visibility of at least 1.5 km.
UNCONTROLLED AIRSPACE SAME AS CONTROLLED AIRSPACE 3,000 ft CLEAR OF CLOUD 1.5 km flight visibility IN SIGHT OF THE SURFACE
Definitions • Altitude • The vertical distance of a level, point or object considered as a point, from mean sea level. • Height • The vertical distance of a level, point or an object considered as a point, measured from a specified datum.
Visual and Pyrotechnic Signals Type of SignalMeaning Aircraft In Flight Aircraft on Ground Steady Green Light Cleared to land Cleared for Take- Off Steady Red Light Give Way to other STOP Aircraft and Continue circling. Series of Flashing Green Lights Return for a Landing Cleared to Taxi Series of Flashing Red Lights Aerodrome Unsafe, Taxi Clear of Landing Area DO NOT LAND in Use Series of Flashing White Lights Land at this Aerodrome Return to Starting Point on and Proceed to the Apron the Aerodrome Red Pyrotechnic Light or Red Flare Do not Land for the time being . CANCELS any previous permission to land
Air Traffic Control Regulations • Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP) • The Singapore AIP provides information on aeronautical facilities, regulations and ground organizations for the safe conduct of Civil Aviation in Singapore. • Notams and Supplements • The AIP is supplemented by a service comprising NOTAMS and supplements. • Although NOTAMS are not specific amendments to the AIP, relevant information within the AIP is reflected in the NOTAM. • Temporary information is issued in NOTAMS but will not affect the AIP.
Ground-Air Visual Signal Code For Survivors No. Message Symbol Code 1. Require Assistance V 2. Require Medical assistance X 3. No or Negative N 4. Yes or Affirmative Y 5. Proceeding in this direction
General Flight Rules A/C CONVERGING
A/C WHICH ARE CONVERGING 2) On the right In the right (In the air & on the ground)
General Flight Rules A/C APPROACH HEAD-ON (In the air & On the ground) EACH SHALL ALTER COURSE TO THE RIGHT
General Flight Rules A/C OVERTAKING (In the air) OUT OF THE WAY ALTER COURSE TO THE RIGHT RIGHT OF WAY ON THE GROUND: ALTER COURSE TO THE LEFT
DISPLAY OF LIGHTS BY AIRCRAFT RED 110 DEGREE GREEN 110 DEGREE WHITE 140 DEGREE
MAXIMUM AUTHORISED TOTAL WEIGHT • 5,700 KG (12,500 LBS) OR LESS • GREEN LIGHT • RED LIGHT • WHITE LIGHT • MORE THAN 5,700 KG • GREEN LIGHT • RED LIGHT • WHITE LIGHT • ANTI-COLLISION LIGHT
LOW FLYING 1,500 ft 2,000 ft
LOW FLYING 500 FT AN AIRCRAFT SHALL NOT FLY ANY CLOSER THAN 500 ft TO ANY PERSON,VESSEL, VEHICLE OR STRUCTURE.
RIGHT HAND TRAFFIC RULE *An aircraft which is flying in sight of the ground and following a road, railway, canal or coastline or any other land marks, shall keep such line of landmarks on its left.