slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chapter 2 Objectives PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chapter 2 Objectives

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 27

Chapter 2 Objectives - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 80 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 2 Objectives. Explain why differences in perception occur Describe the process of perception Identify perceptual errors Understand how your view of yourself is related to communication. Chapter 2 Objectives. Differentiate self-fulfilling prophecies, self-image, and self-esteem

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 2 Objectives' - hussein


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter 2 objectives
Chapter 2 Objectives
  • Explain why differences in perception occur
  • Describe the process of perception
  • Identify perceptual errors
  • Understand how your view of yourself is related to communication
chapter 2 objectives1
Chapter 2 Objectives
  • Differentiate self-fulfilling prophecies, self-image, and self-esteem
  • Explain how you can improve your self-concept
  • Define identity management and explain its component parts
what is perception
What is Perception ?

The process of becoming aware of objects and events from the senses

what is perception1
What is Perception?
  • Active perception
    • Our minds select, organize, and interpret what we sense
  • Subjective perception
    • Our minds construct unique meanings to sensed stimuli
differences in perception
Differences in Perception
  • Physiological factors
  • Past experiences and roles
  • Culture and co-culture
  • Present feelings and circumstances
what occurs in perception
What Occurs in Perception?
  • Three distinct activities
    • Selection
    • Organization
    • Interpretation
  • Occur quickly and almost simultaneously
selection

Link to Perception Activities on the Web

Selection
  • Neglect some stimuli and focus on others
    • Selective exposure
    • Selective attention
    • Selection perception
    • Selective retention
organization
Organization
  • Group stimuli into meaningful units or wholes
    • Figure & ground
organization1
Organization
  • Group stimuli into meaningful units or wholes
    • Figure & ground
    • Closure
organization2
Organization
  • Group stimuli into meaningful units or wholes
    • Figure & ground
    • Closure
    • Proximity
organization3
Organization
  • Group stimuli into meaningful units or wholes
    • Figure & ground
    • Closure
    • Proximity
    • Similarity
interpretation
Interpretation
  • Assign meaning to the stimuli
    • Blend of internal states and external stimuli
interpretation1
Interpretation
  • Assign meaning to the stimuli
    • Blend of internal states and external stimuli
    • Often rely on context for cues

3 2 I-I 2 3

G I-I I

how do we perceive others
How Do We Perceive Others?
  • Attribution
    • Assigning meaning to the behavior of others
    • Can lead to perceptual errors
      • Attribution errors
      • Perceptual errors
attribution errors
Attribution Errors
  • Fundamental attribution error
    • Attribute successes of others to the situation and failures of others to the individual
  • Self-serving bias
    • Our successes are due to our personal qualities and our failures are due to circumstances
perceptual errors
Perceptual Errors
  • Stereotyping
    • Oversimplified or standardized image of a person based on his or her group membership
  • First Impressions
    • Initial opinion about another person
avoiding errors
Avoiding Errors
  • Recognize the subjective nature of perception
  • Use perceptual checking
    • Describe what you observed
    • Suggest alternative interpretations
    • Ask for the “correct” interpretation
who are you
Who Are You?
  • What do you know about yourself?
    • Self-perception
    • Personal identity
  • Who you are develops through
    • Intrapersonal communication
    • Symbolic interactionism
      • Self-fulfilling prophecy
learning more about yourself
Learning More About Yourself
  • Understand your physical self
  • Understand how others perceive you
  • Understand your communication skills and behaviors
what s your future potential
What’s Your Future Potential?
  • Self-actualization
    • The fulfillment of one’s potential as a person
how do you evaluate yourself
How Do You Evaluate Yourself?
  • Self-Appraisal/Self-Concept has two parts
    • Self-Image
    • Self-Esteem
self image
Self-Image
  • The picture you have of yourself
  • Based on feedback from others
    • Confirmation
    • Rejection
    • Disconfirmation
self esteem
Self-Esteem
  • How you feel about yourself
  • Based on your perceptions of your successes and failures
  • Affects perception and communication
improving self concept
Improving Self-Concept
  • Have a goal or objective
  • Make your goal realistic
  • Find information about how to achieve your goal
  • Exercise control and restraint
  • Gain support of friends and family
  • Accept yourself
how do we present ourselves
How Do We Present Ourselves?
  • Self-presentation
    • The way we portray ourselves to others
how do we present ourselves1
How Do We Present Ourselves?
  • Identity Management
    • Control (or lack of control) of the communication of information through a performance
    • High and low self-monitors
    • Face, facework, politeness