Individual and Family Housing Needs - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Individual and Family Housing Needs

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  1. Individual and Family Housing Needs Interior Design I Objective 1.01

  2. “We shape our buildings, and then they shape us.” – Winston Churchill To Do: Read this quote. In your notes, write 3-4 sentences explaining what this means to you.

  3. Housing • People first find shelter to meet their needs, then the shelter affects they feel and behave • Housing – any dwelling that provides shelter • A house – any building that serves as living quarters for one or more families • A home – any place a person lives

  4. Meeting Housing Needs • Needs are the basic requirements that people must fill in order to live. • There are physical, psychological, and other needs such as eating, sleeping, and carrying on with daily living activities

  5. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

  6. Physical Needs • The most basic needs • These are essential for survival • Shelter • Protection from weather • Food and water • Rest

  7. Psychological Needs • These needs relate to the mind and feelings that people must meet to live a satisfying life • Security • Safe from the outside world • Love and acceptance • Having your own bedroom • Esteem • Respect, admiration • Self-esteem – appreciation of yourself • Self-Actualization • Developing to your fill potential

  8. Other Needs Met Through Housing • Beauty • What is beautiful to you may not be to others • Self-expression • Showing your personality • How you use colors and patterns • Creativity • Creating something new, combining things to make something new. • Gardening, painting • Status • Low class, middle class, middle/upper class, upper class

  9. Housing Needs for Family Types • The stage of life you and your family are in is often a factor in determining what type of household you have • A household includes all people who occupy a dwelling. • Households can vary, but most contain families

  10. Nuclear Family • Includes couples and their children • The children are either born into the family or adopted • None of the children come from a previous marriage

  11. Single-Parent Family • Consists of a child (or children) and only one parent • Often because one parent has died or left home • Other single-parent families consists of a never-married adult with one or more children

  12. Stepfamily • Consists of parents, one or both of whom have been married before • Also includes one or more children from a previous marriage

  13. Childless • A couple who have not had children • For some couples this is a temporary condition, delaying the arrival of children • For others, it is a permanent condition; the couple is unable to have children or chooses to remain childless

  14. Extended Family • There are two basic types of extended families • One consists of several generations of a family, such as children, parents, and grandparents. • Variations can include aunts, uncles, or cousins as well as their children • The other consists of members from the same generation, such as brothers, sisters, and cousins.

  15. Life Cycles • A life cycle is a series of stages through which an individual or family passes during its lifetime • There are new challenges and opportunities to face during each • You develop new needs and values and prioritize them according to what is most important to you

  16. Life Cycles Cont. • Individual Life Cycle • Each person follows an individual life cycle

  17. Family Life Cycle • Just as you have a place in an individual life cycle, your family has its place in the family life cycle • A family life cycle has 6 stages

  18. Beginning Stage • The early period of marriage when a couple is without children

  19. Childbearing Stage • A time when the family is growing • Includes the childbearing periods and the years of caring for preschoolers

  20. Parenting Stage • The children are in school • Includes years of caring for school-aged children and teens

  21. Launching Stage • Children become adults and leave their parents’ homes during this time • May leave to go to college, take a job, or get married

  22. Midyears Stage • During this time, children leave home and the parents retire

  23. Aging Stage • Usually beings with retirement • Usually during this stage one spouse lives alone after the death of the other • This stage has the largest increase in population growth due to the fact that in general people are living longer

  24. Factors Affecting Housing Choices • There are many factors that influence housing choices: • Values, family relationships, space needs, costs, roles, and lifestyle

  25. Personal • Values • Family, friendship, money, religion, and independence • Space • How many people live with you, what types of rooms you may need • Lifestyle • Everyday activities • Costs • Family income • Roles • Who lives here? What life stages is everyone undergoing?

  26. Society • Where you live can say a lot about a families’ status • Society plays a big role in people where to live and what types of places they live in

  27. Privacy • People need privacy to maintain good mental heath • Some people may want to live alone, have a private area, or living in an area away from any people