Many Maine Students Experience School Disruption Addressing the Challenge!
Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world Nelson Mandela
The Problem • The magnitude of the problem of mobile children is suggested by statistics gathered as part of the 2004 U.S. Census: • Fifteen to 18% of school-aged children changed residence from the previous year. • Nearly 12 million children changed their place of residence from 1999 to 2000. • Poor families move 50% to 100% more often than non-poor families.
Five hundred thousand children attended more than three schools between first and third grade. • Approximately 30% of children in low-income families change schools annually versus 8% of children in families well above poverty level. • The turnover rate for students in urban schools ranged between 40% and 80% each year. • Frequent school changes have been correlated with lower academic achievement. (Popp, 2004).
In Maine… • There were 94 committals and 1,517 children and youth were detained in 2005 (Maine Department of Corrections) • 2255 children and youth were in the care and custody of the state in January, 2007 (Maine Dept of Health & Human Services) • 392 of those children and youth were in residential treatment centers (Maine Department of Health & Human Services)
279 were in residential treatment in the Temporary Out of Home Treatment Program (Maine Dept of Health & Human Services) • For youth in care 16.1% (170) experienced 4 or more placements during the period 10/31/04-11/1/06. • On April 24, 2004 of 633 Maine residents who were homeless, 125 were children and youth (Maine State Housing Authority)
Educational Disruption • There are an increasing number of children and youth who experience disruption in their educational programs. Disruption can occur for multiple reasons and can range from a short period of a few days to multiple weeks or months. However, the affect is the same: a student loses valuable instructional time, is disengaged from school and connections are broken.
We Define Educational Disruption as… A break in education or educational placement for 10 consecutive school days as a result of: • Homelessness • Moving three or more times per year • Unplanned psychiatric hospitalization • Unplanned hospitalization • Foster care placement • Youth development center placement
Keeping Maine’s Children Connected has found that 66% of youth whose education is disrupted were not promoted to the next grade. • This is in contrast to a 97% rate of promotion for secondary students (MDOE). • KMCC also found that youth with safety plans, those involved in extra curricular activities and/or who had an IEP were more likely to be promoted than their peers.
They Lose Academic Skills…“It takes 4 to 6 months for highly mobile students to recover academically from a transfer” “Providing Highly Mobile Students with an Effective Education” Digest Number 191, Dec 2003
“Over a period of 6 years, students who have moved more than 3 times can fall a full academic year behind stable students.” • “High Classroom Turnover: How Children Get Left Behind” Chester Hartman
They Lose Positive Social Opportunities… Students with educational disruption lack a feeling of belonging, connectedness, and critical supportive relationships with school staff and other youth
They Lose Hope… • Lose the opportunity to earn high school credits or recognition of work • Lag behind in skill acquisition • School records and transcripts incomplete
They Lose Opportunities For Work Force Training… REPLACE WITH WHAT? High school dropouts are 72% more likely to be unemployed than high school graduates www.warm2kids.com/guest/teen/26/94/753/539/index.htm
They Lose Interest And Never Finish School… According to the U.S. Department of Labor, students who do not complete high school make 27% less than those who graduated from high school. That means that for every $100 that a high school grad makes, a dropout makes $73. http://www.dol.gov/asp/fibre/dropout.htm
Or, do we want… • Clear and effective communicators • Self-directed and lifelong learners • Creative and practical problem solvers • Responsible and involved citizens • Collaborative and quality workers • Integrative and informed thinkers
We’re prepared to level the playing field for students experiencing educational disruption!
Previous legislation recently removed several dams on Maine rivers to preserve a natural resource. This proposed legislation removes barriers for Maine’s greatest resource:its students
KEY POINTS An Act to Implement the Recommendations of the Task Force to Engage Maine’s Youth in Successful School Completion
A COMMITMENT TO STUDENTS: Development of School Completion Plan by sending and receiving placement
CREDIT FOR WORK COMPLETED: Academic materials shared or academic waiver signed between sending and receiving schools/placements
TIMELY ACCESS AND ENROLLMENT: School records transferred within 5 school days
NEW DIPLOMA OPTION: Establishment of the option for a Department of Education Diploma as designated by Commissioner of Education
Youth Voices • “I moved from one school to the next and somehow during my transfer my freshman year transcripts were lost. I had to make up lost classes.” • “Credit for Work Makes Sense.”
Let’s make sure that ALL Maine students have the same opportunities to earn their diploma!
Educational Disruption has a price….To the state….&To the student….
Cost to the state… • At least $89,000 is invested by our state and local communities to educate a typical student from kindergarten through high school. • THIS WILL BE VERIFIED/UPDATED
Difference in earnings with and without a high school diploma • In 2004, the average annual earnings of a high school dropout was less than 20,000 as compared to 27,000 for a high school graduate, 32,000 for someone with at least some college and 42,000 for a bachelor’s degree or more. • Over a lifetime, a high school dropout can expect to earn less than $1.5 million dollars less than a college graduate. www.nces.ed.gov
Without a high school diploma, our youth face a lifetime of poverty characterized by low skilled jobs, few benefits, limited health care access and are more likely to be recipients of public benefits including food stamps, TANF and general assistance
There can be no keener revelation of a society’s soul than the way it treats its children. Nelson Mandela