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Consumption & Voluntary Simplicity. Source: elephantjournal.com. All of our “stuff” makes an impact. Emissions are produced…. 55% emissions related to consumption. What do we mean by stuff?. Anything that is produced, which you purchase, use and then dispose of. Cars Clothes Appliances

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consumption voluntary simplicity

Consumption & Voluntary Simplicity

Source: elephantjournal.com

what do we mean by stuff
What do we mean by stuff?
  • Anything that is produced, which you purchase, use and then dispose of.
    • Cars
    • Clothes
    • Appliances
    • Food
    • Books
    • Magazines
    • Forks
    • Lamps
    • Pens
    • Electronics
    • Clocks
    • Etc.
creating stuff creates emissions
Creating stuff creates emissions
  • Where does it come from?
  • How is it produced?
  • What emissions are associated with producing this item?
  • What emissions are associated with transporting this?
  • What emissions are associated with the sales/marketing of this?
using some stuff causes emissions
Using some stuff causes emissions
  • Are emissions created when this is used?
  • Does it require a power source?
    • Electronics
end of life emissions
End of life emissions
  • What happens to it after you’re finish using it?
  • What is it made of?
    • Does it decompose?
    • How many different materials are in it?
    • Can they be
      • Reused?
      • Recycled?
  • Does it go to the landfill?
waste produces emissions
Waste produces emissions
  • Landfills produce methane
  • Harms wildlife
  • Requires space
recycling reduces emissions
Recycling reduces emissions
  • Saves energy inputs
  • Reduces the need to extract virgin material
    • Recycling 1 ton of paper saves 2000lbs CO2
    • Recycling steel and tin cans saves 60-74% of the energy used to produce them from raw materials and reduces associated air and water pollution by the same percentages
    • Oregon saved 28 Trillion BTU by recycling in 2004 (2.5% state’s total energy use)
results energy by process
Results – Energy (by process)

Total Solid Waste Disposed, Recovered & GeneratedPounds Per Person Per Day 1992 - 2005

8

8.4

7.5

3.8

3.5

8.0

7

7.7

7.5

6.5

7.2

7.2

6

6.6

3.3

6.1

2.8

3.2

2.7

5.5

5.7

2.3

5

2.0

4.5

1.5

1.5

4

Pounds Per Person Per Day

3.5

3

4.6

4.5

2.5

4.5

4.4

4.3

4.3

4.3

4.2

4.1

2

1.5

1

0.5

0

1992

1994

1996

1998

2000

2002

2003

2004

2005

Key

= Recovered

= Disposed

0.0

= Generated

Recovery + Disposal = Generation

Recycling is Up in Oregon, But So is Waste Generation

45

composting reduces emissions
Composting reduces emissions
  • Methane produced in landfills come primarily from food and yard waste
  • Decomposition in compost is aerobic
    • Produces some CO2 (but has a much lower impact)
  • Decomposition in landfills is anaerobic
    • Produces Methane
some materials
Some materials
  • Paper
  • Metals
    • Recycling aluminum saves 95% of the energy needed to produce new aluminum
    • Recycling steel and tin cans saves 74% of the energy used to produce them
    • About 70% of all metal used just once and is discarded
  • Plastics
slide16

LANDFILL

95% of total energy used and pollution generated comes before can is even created!

the life cycle of a cd or dvd
The Life Cycle of a CD or DVD
  • Working in groups of two see if you can create a lifecylce of a CD or DVD.
  • Write the steps on a paper and be ready to share with your classmates.
  • After everyone has shared we will see the EPAs version.
so what s the problem
So What’s The Problem?
  • Resource & Environmental Issues
  • Personal Debt +
  • Stress +
  • Happiness In Question
  • Impacts On Quality of Life
  • Throw away Culture – Use It Once Mentality
  • Corporations Using Planned Obsolescence Model
  • Economy Tied To Growth Model
  • Having ‘Stuff’ Can Be Equated With ‘Status’
  • Media Promotes Consumption Model
  • Policies Encourage Growth & Consumption
consumption and waste ethics
Consumption and Waste:Ethics

35 times more resources for him

…than him

conscious consumption deciding
Conscious Consumption: Deciding
  • Deciding to buy
    • Do you really need it or just want it?
    • Am I trying to fulfill an internal need with an external thing?
    • What would I do if I didn’t have this?
    • What impact did this have?
    • What else could I use?
once you decide to buy ask
Once you decide to buy, ask:
  • Do you want to support this company?
  • Green alternative?
  • Local alternative?
  • Recycled content? How much?
  • Recyclable?
  • Will use emit GHGs?
  • How long will it last?
  • How much packaging?
when you re using it ask
When you’re using it, ask:
  • Is it using energy?
  • Can it be unplugged?
  • Can it be recharged?
  • Does it really have to stay cold/hot?
when you re done with it
When you’re done with it
  • Reuse
    • Reuse for another purpose
    • Donate to a charitable organization
    • Sell on Craigslist, etc.
  • Recycle
    • Turn it into something else
  • Compost
  • Dispose
analyze your consumption
Analyze Your Consumption
  • Look At Your Decisions……..
    • Cloth vs. Disposable
    • Paper vs. Plastic
    • Disposable Cups
    • Paper Use
    • Styrofoam
    • Cotton vs. Synthetic
  • Use More Than Once
    • Recycled Content
    • Buy It Used
    • Repair Stuff
    • Re-gift
    • Buy Durable Goods

CLOSE THE LOOP

pairs activity
Pairs Activity
  • Think of one gift your received this past Holiday season.
  • Do you still have it? If so, what are the qualities that made you keep it?
  • Think about a gift you did not keep, what are the qualities it had that made you not keep it?
  • How could you change the throwaway gift problem next year?
reduce waste at the source
Reduce Waste at the Source

Recycling is not enough!

  • ► Recycling still takes energy, makes pollution:
  • Reduce vs. Eliminate Impacts
  • ► Most environmental impacts occur in the “pre-disposal” stages (i.e., extraction, processing, transportation, marketing).
  • Reduce: eliminate impacts upstream & downstream
  • Reuse: using a product in its original form, without the repulping, melting, grinding, or other mechanical or chemical reformulation associated with recycling.
  • e.g., reusing a personal computer saves 5 - 20 times more energy than recycling it; reusing a corrugated box saves 3 - 4 times more energy than recycling it.
  • Recycle: mechanical or chemical reformulation of materials.
4 steps in conscious consumption
4 steps in conscious consumption
  • Reduce Waste at the source
    • Consider whether it’s a need or a want. Buy less
    • Buy recycled & recyclable goods
  • Reuse
  • Recycle as necessary
  • Compost food and yard waste
slide32
For more info on the link between material consumption, recovery, landfilling, and waste, visit:

www.deq.state.or.us/lq/sw/globalwarming.htm

The Resource Innovation Group

www.theresourceinnovationgroup.org