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NEW CARDS. Soviet Vladimir Lenin Bolshevik New Economic Policy Joseph Stalin. totalitarian state command economy five-year plan collective. Ms. McMillan Global IV February 27, 2012. AIM: What were the long-term causes of the Russian Revolution?.

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new cards


Vladimir Lenin


New Economic Policy

Joseph Stalin

totalitarian state

command economy

five-year plan



Which situation resulted from the Russo-Japanese War of 1905?

Russia’s loss to Japan in the Russo-Japanese War (1905) indicated that there was a weakness in the Russian government which led to a series of confrontations between Czar Nicholas II and Russian dissidents.

cause for revolution
Cause for Revolution
  • Revolution in Russia was caused by a variety of factors leading back to the 1800s.
  • Through the 1800s and 1900s, discontent grew amongst the people.
  • Russian czars had long resisted modernization and change!
czarist rule
Czarist Rule
  • In the late 1800s, Alexander III and his son, Nicholas II, worked to built Russia’s economic strength.
  • These czars tried to block out all info of the French Revolution.
  • Still, Russian liberals called for a constitution and reforms that would get rid of government corruption.
  • Alexander and Nicholas used secret police to suppress reforms.

Tsar Alexander III

Tsar Nicholas II

Portrait of the coronation of Tsar Alexander III and Empress Maria Fyodorovna, which took place on 28 May. On the left of the dais can be seen his young son and heir, the Tsarevich Nicholas.

peasant unrest
Peasant Unrest
  • At the beginning of WWI, Russia STILL had a ridged system of social classes.
  • Landowning nobles, priests, and an autocratic czar dominated society.
  • Middle class was prevented from gaining power.
  • Peasants were too poor to buy land or feed their families.
  • Peasants were angered by industrialization, even though there was little of it in Russia.
problems with urban workers
Problems with Urban Workers
  • Some peasants had moved to the cities and found job in the new industries.
  • Worked long hours for low pay; lived in slums that were filled with poverty and disease.
  • Socialists spread ideas about revolution and reform to these workers.
diversity and nationalism
Diversity and Nationalism
  • Russia ruled a vast and diverse empire; included many ethnic minorities.
  • The czars maintained strict control over these groups.
  • Czars attempted to make all in their empire think, act, and believe as Russians (RUSSIFICATION).
  • Ethnic minorities did not want their native cultures destroyed (nationalism remains!).

Those hateful bullies have gone too far. First they rode through town shouting terrible things about us. Next, they wrecked our synagogue. Now they break into our homes! The police do nothing to stop them. I'm afraid it is time to leave.

--Nina, Russia, 1890