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Securing and Protecting Citizens' Data. J. Rick Mihalevich Dean of Information Technology Linn State Technical College [email protected] 573.897.5129 June 18, 2009. Securing and Protecting Citizen Data Goals. Provide awareness of the need

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Securing and protecting citizens data

Securing and Protecting Citizens' Data

J. Rick Mihalevich

Dean of Information Technology

Linn State Technical College

[email protected]


June 18, 2009

Securing and Protecting Citizen DataGoals

  • Provide awareness of the need

  • Provide awareness of the major laws that impact public entities

  • Provide information on best practices, technology, and trends

  • Provide resources for further information

Security concerns and public entities
Security Concerns and Public Entities

  • Open

  • Accessible

  • Transparent

  • Accountable

Linn state technical college security infrastructure
Linn State Technical CollegeSecurity Infrastructure

  • LSTC currently utilizes XXXXXX to provide data XXXXXX processes which impacts approximately XXXXXX blocked attacks daily.

  • XXXXXXX manages a XXXX XXXX router at the gateway

  • LSTC utilizes XXXXXX Firewall

  • The DMZ is attached to a XXXXXXX appliance.

  • All packets are inspected by XXXXXX and XXXX security software is used to protect against XXXXXX attacks.

Examples of Compromised Data

  • 2006 26.5 million veterans was compromised when a laptop was stolen

  • 2007 Inspector General for Tax Administration found 490 laptops containing sensitive taxpayer data had been lost or stolen

  • 2006 Employee information at the department of agriculture was compromised by unauthorized access

Selected laws governing use of of public data
Selected Laws Governing Use of of Public Data

  • FERPA: Family educational rights and privacy act

  • HIPAA: Health insurance portability and accountability act

  • GLB: Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act

  • The Privacy Act

  • E-government Act

  • FISMA: The Federal Information Security Management act


  • Conclusion #1: LSTC Infrastructure

    • Security by Obscurity

  • Conclusion #2: Examples of Compromised Data

    • Employees may pose the greatest risk

  • Conclusion #3: Public Laws

    • Balance between openness and security

      • Public Trust

      • Restricting access, in the name of security is no vise


  • Pass Phrase

  • Thumb drive encryption

  • Encryption of laptops

  • Virtual Private Networks (VPN’s)

  • Touchpad security

  • Effective patch management

Best practices
Best Practices

  • Security officer

  • Security by Obscurity

  • Not using SSN

  • Training and awareness

  • Change passwords frequently (Strong)

  • Don’t click on e-mail links




  • Department of Homeland Security

  • National Governors Association Center for Best Practices

  • National Association of Chief Information Officers

  • Governmental Accountability Office

Guidelines for protecting citizen data
Guidelines for Protecting Citizen Data

  • Principles of openness, accuracy, transparency and accountability

  • How would you like your personal information handled

  • fairly and lawfully process it

  • process it only for limited, specifically stated purposes

  • use the information in a way that is adequate, relevant and not excessive

  • use the information accurately

  • keep the information on file no longer than absolutely necessary

  • process the information in accordance with your legal rights

  • keep the information secure

  • never transfer the information outside

Guidelines for protecting citizen data stronger protection needed
Guidelines for Protecting Citizen Data – Stronger Protection needed

  • ethnic background

  • political opinions

  • religious beliefs

  • health

  • sexual life

  • criminal history