Vowel Symbols [i] beed small i [I] bid cap i, or small cap i [e] bait small e [E] bed epsilon [Q] bad ash [A] pod script a (note the difference between [ A ] and [a])  bought open o [o] boat small o [U] book upsilon [u] boot small u
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[i]beed small i
[I]bid cap i, or small cap i
[e]bait small e
[A]pod script a (note the difference between [A] and [a])
bought open o
[o]boat small o
[u]boot small u
[Ã]but caret or wedge or turned v
[au]bout (Note that we’re using typewriter ‘a’ here. Explanation later.)
[ai]ride (Again with typewriter ‘a’.)
[ʌi]write (Don’t worry just yet how the diphthongs in “ride” and “write”
are different. For now just use [ai] for both.)
What’s a diphthong?
di = two; phthong = Greek word for sound (those whacky Greeks)
So, diphthong = two sounds; in this context, two vowels.
monophthong: one vowel ([i], [u], [ɪ], etc.)
diphthong: two vowels; i.e., one vowel quality slides into another one:
“buy”: [a]->[i]; “now”: [a]->[u]; “boy”: [ɔ]->[i]
(1) Monophthong/diphthong distinction not quite that simple; more later
(2) The word is diphthong, NOTdipthong
[D] then eth or bar d
English has quite a few diphthongs consisting of some initial vowel followed by [Ô]
beer near fear rear [iÔ]
beardare care chair [eÔ]
floor door war sore [oÔ]
tour contour [uÔ]
tar bar far car [AÔ]
These are thrown in for completeness. We’ll spend some time on them later. For now, just know they exist.