PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Endangered Species' - hua
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Nothing is more priceless and more worthy of preservation than the rich array of animal life with which our country has been blessed. It is a many-faceted treasure, of value to scholars, scientists, and nature lovers alike, and it forms a vital part of the heritage we all share as Americans. President Richard Nixon – Statement upon signing the Endangered Species Act, December 28, 1973
The Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) [pdf] was signed on December 28, 1973, and provides for the conservation of species that are endangered or threatened throughout all or a significant portion of their range, and the conservation of the ecosystems on which they depend. The ESA replaced the Endangered Species Conservation Act of 1969; it has been amended several times.
The law requires federal agencies, in consultation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and/or the NOAA Fisheries Service, to ensure that actions they authorize, fund, or carry out are not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any listed speciesor result in the destruction or adverse modification of designated critical habitat of such species.
The Federal Endangered Species Act of 1973 (Act) describes two categories of declining species of plants and animals that need the Act’s protections – endangered species and threatened species – and provides these definitions:
ENDANGERED - any species that is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range;
THREATENED - any species that is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range.
All of the protections of the Act are provided to endangered species. Many, but not all, of those protections also are available to threatened species.
However, the Service has the authority to determine which protections should apply to each threatened species; in other words, we can select and fine tune the protections that best meet the species’ recovery needs.
Threatened status benefits species and people in two situations:
(1) it provides Federal protection before a species reaches the brink of extinction; and
(2) in the case of species that were initially listed as endangered, threatened status also allows scaling back Federal protection as they recover and no longer need the maximum protections of the Act.