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regional geography is a subfield of geography n.
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E.J. PALKA

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  1. Regional geography is a subfield of geography that deals holistically with the environment and human attributes of a particular territory. Regional geographers endeavor to understand how physical and cultural geographic features interrelate to form distinct regions, or spatial territories, whose attributes are uniquely different from other parts of the world E.J. PALKA

  2. GEOGRAPHY • The study of place and space • Studies the location and distribution of features on the Earth’s surface • Studies human activity, the natural environment, and the relationship between the two • Answers where and why • Why is Timbuktu where it is, and why did the settlement evolve on this site?

  3. CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS Taxonomy: kingdom, phylum, Class, order, family, genus, species Biologists Geologists 3 Major groups, subsidiary groups, geological time Historians Eras, ages, periods Geographers Geographic Realms and/or Regions based on sets of spatial criteria

  4. Transition zones are an area of spatial change where peripheries of two adjacent realms or regions join. Transitional zones are marked by a gradual shift (rather than a sharp break) in the characteristics that distinguish neighboring realms

  5. GEOGRAPHIC REALMS Realms are based on Spatial Criteria • The largest geographic units into which the inhabited world can be divided • Based on both physical (natural) and human (cultural) yardsticks I

  6. GEOGRAPHIC REALMS II • The result of the interaction between human societies and natural environments • A functionalinteraction • Revealed by farms, mines, fishing ports, transport routes, dams, bridges, villages, and other features on the landscape

  7. GEOGRAPHIC REALMS III • Represent the most comprehensive and encompassing definition of the great clusters of humankind in the world today

  8. WORLD GEOGRAPHIC REALMS • Geographic realms change over time. • Where geographic realms meet, transition zones, not sharp boundaries, mark their contacts.

  9. GEOGRAPHICAL CLASSIFICATION CONCEPT OF SCALE The World Regions Realms The term scale refers to a ratio between distances portrayed on a map and actual distances on the earth’s surface that correspond to this map. To be useful, every map must include a scale that provides a corresponding ratio between distance on the map and actual distance

  10. REGIONS • Areas of the earth’s surface marked by certain properties • Scientific devices that enable us to make spatial generalizations • Based on criteria we establish • Criteria can be: • Human (cultural) properties • Physical (natural) characteristics • or Both

  11. REGIONS • All regions have: • Area • Boundaries • Location

  12. FORMAL REGION • Marked by a certain degree of homogeneity in one or more phenomena • Also called a uniform region or homogeneous region Examples: Corn Belt Megalopolis

  13. A functional region is marked less by its sameness than its dynamic internal structure. A functional region, also called a nodal region, is a spatial system focused on a central core and formed by a set of places and their functional integration Example:Los Angeles Metropolitan Area

  14. Capitalism and globalization Capitalism is a prevalent socioeconomic system that is characterized by private ownership, free enterprise, and profit motives. Capitalist expansion into new geographies of production and consumption are often cited as drivers behind the growth of global interconnections and interdependencies

  15. HINTERLAND • Literally means “country behind” • A term that applies to a surrounding area served by an urban center • Urban center is the focus of goods and services produced in the hinterland, and is the latter’s dominant focal point as well Periphery Periphery Core

  16. THE PHYSICAL SETTING • Physical Geography • Alfred Wegner’s • Continental drift • Tectonic plates • Subduction • Pacific Ring of fire • Weathering • Erosion

  17. CLIMATE • Hydrologic cycle • Precipitation patterns • Climate regions

  18. Introduction to Regional Geography I (pages 1-16) E.J. PALKA