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History of Alcohol Vehicle Interlock Programs: Lost Opportunities and New Possibilities. Robert B. Voas and Paul R. Marques Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation Calverton, Maryland. Acknowledgements.

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history of alcohol vehicle interlock programs lost opportunities and new possibilities

History of Alcohol Vehicle Interlock Programs: Lost Opportunities and New Possibilities

Robert B. Voas and Paul R. Marques

Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation

Calverton, Maryland

acknowledgements
Acknowledgements
  • This, as is the case on most of our work, is the product of a “augmented” PIRE team:
    • Dr. Paul Marques (PIRE)
    • Mr. Scott Tippetts (PIRE)
    • Dr. Dick Roth in New Mexico
managing dui offenders
Managing DUI Offenders
  • Provide education/treatment to promote recovery
  • Control driving risk while recovery occurs---Incapacitation
incapacitation
Incapacitation
  • Jail
  • Electronically monitored home confinement
  • License suspension
  • Vehicle sanctions
  • Interlocks
  • Alcohol monitoring
growth of unlicensed driving
Growth of Unlicensed Driving
  • Coppin and Van Oldenbeek
  • Ross and Gonzales
  • Texas Transportation Institute study
  • McCartt study
  • Delay in reinstatement studies
interlock precursors measuring driver performance
Interlock Precursors: Measuring Driver Performance
  • WW II research on pilot performance
  • Driver performance research
  • Instrumented cars
  • Quick key
  • Eye movement
  • Alertness and fatigue measures
development of interlock equipment
Development of Interlock Equipment
  • Semi-conductor sensors
  • Fuel cell sensors
  • Borg Warner
  • Performance interlocks
  • Phase 1 units
  • Phase 2 units
  • NHTSA standards
development of interlock programs
Development of Interlock Programs
  • Early “voluntary” programs
  • Mandatory Programs—Implementation and monitoring failures
  • Alternative sanctions to motivated installation
  • Conflicts between hard suspension interlock programs
  • Administrative programs
  • Post-reinstatement programs
  • Interlock requirement for posting bail
evaluations of interlock programs
Evaluations of Interlock Programs
  • Interlocks installed vs. suspended offenders
  • Interlock removed with suspended offenders
  • Interlock installed with period following removal
  • Random assignment: A test of the interlock license requirement
  • Individual differences
  • Limited information on crash reductions
  • Non-alcohol-related crashes
interlock ancillary and support programs
Interlock Ancillary and Support Programs
  • SIP (Support Interlock Programs): Assisting the offender to conform to the program requirements
  • Use of interlock record to manage sentencing objectively
  • Use of the interlock record to manage treatment programs
current program issues
Current Program Issues
  • The “no car” problem
  • The “no driving” pledge problem
  • The alternative vehicle problem
  • The delay in installation problem
  • The interlock cost problem
  • Identification problem
  • Sanctions for circumvention
  • The reinstatement problem
policy issues
Policy Issues
  • Administrative vs. court-managed programs
  • Frequency of maintenance
  • Actions on high BAC attempts
  • Interlock program standard
  • State management of interlock providers
future trends
Future Trends
  • Monitoring abstinence: Transdermal Systems
  • Monitoring abstinence: blood markers
  • Position location monitoring systems
  • Universal application of interlocks on all cars
  • Smart card key systems
the end
The End

Thank you!

Questions??