THE CHURCH IN THE 15TH CENTURY: HUMANISM, CHRISTIANITY AND CHRISTIAN HUMANISM. From last time…. 1296-1303: Boniface VIII against Philip the Fair (IN the mid.) 1309-1378: Pope in France Avignonese Captivity, NOT in the mid.) 1378-1414: multi-Pope period! (NOT in the mid.)
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Jesus chose Peter and his successors as rulers of the Church CHRISTIAN HUMANISM
Peter was Bishop of Rome
Every Pope, elected with the assistance of the Holy Spirit, is Bishop of Rome
Every Pope is successor of Peter and as such ruler of the Church!
Jesus chose ALL the Apostles, not just Peter
Peter was NOT in Rome most of his life
Popes are elected ‘wrongly’
We cannot say that 1) Peter is in charge, and even if that were the case, 2) the Pope is Peter’s successorPro-Pope, Anti-Pope
Michelangelo, Moses, 1513-6, St.Peter in Chains, Rome
Fra Angelico, ‘Annunciation’, late 1430s contained some mistakes: