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William Shakespeare His Life and Times

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  1. William ShakespeareHis Life and Times J. Fink & K. Marsh Glenforest Resource Centre April 2009 and Generously Shared with Clarkson SS Library Resource Centre, 2011

  2. The latest discovery …

  3. A typical family scene during this time period.

  4. Shakespeare's Family • Joan, born 1558, died before 1569. • Margaret, born 1562, died 1563 (aged 5 months). • (William, born 1564, died 1616.) • Gilbert, born 1566, haberdasher, died 1612. (A haberdasher sells hats, clothes, thread, ribbons etc.) • Joan, born 1569, married William Hart, died 1646. • Anne, born 1571, died 1579. • Richard, born 1574, occupation unknown, died 1613. • Edmund, born 1580, "player," died 1607. • There are no known living relatives of William Shakespeare

  5. William & Anne, sitting in a tree 

  6. Country Life was traditionally divided into two parts:

  7. 1. Activities inside the house and yard which were the responsibility of: The Housewife.

  8. 2. And, activities outdoors which were the responsibility of: The Husbandman.

  9. The husband was the head of the household; the wife and children were subordinate and expected to obey.

  10. City Life:London in the 1600s.

  11. The London BridgeThe River Thames was considered "the great highway of London"

  12. Labour was differentiated in the city as well.

  13. War, warfare & soldiering were very prominent during this time.

  14. A typical pub scene (tavern)

  15. Violence (blood & gore) was a part of everyday life.

  16. And so was sickness and death.

  17. Discoveries in science and medicine were emerging.

  18. It was widely believed that the Earth was round and at the centre of a spherical universe.

  19. At the centre of the universe were the four elements: earth, water, air, fire. Then the 7 planets.

  20. Religion provided stability. Here we see the depiction of the Story of Creation.

  21. The Commonalty (1) The middle people of England Citizens and Burgesses Yoemen Professionals Merchants Lawyers Administrators Clergy The Commonalty (2) The fourth sort or class Small merchants or retailers Day labourers, husbandmen, artisans... The poor, infirm, and the unemployed The Nobility gentlemen of the greater sort The King Dukes Marquesses Earls Viscounts Barons The Gentry the second sort of gentlemen Baronets Knights Esquires Gentlemen Hierarchy of the Classes

  22. A Gentlemen's Letter Rack

  23. Formal schooling was for boys but not girls.

  24. King Henry VIII Father of Elizabeth I,April 1509 – 28 January 1547

  25. King Edward, Elizabeth's half brother1547 - 1553

  26. Henry's elder daughter, Queen MaryKnown as "bloody Mary". When Mary died she was succeeded by her Protestant half-sister, Elizabeth.1553 - 1558

  27. When Mary died she was succeeded by her Protestant half-sister Elizabeth I1558-1603

  28. Year: 1564Shakespeare's birth • English and Scottish statues against witchcraft. • Plague in London. • Potatoes are introduced to England from America by John Hawkins, slave trader. • John Shakespeare is listed among Stratford capital burgesses, and gives money for relief of plague victims. John Hawkins begins second voyage to the New World. • Galileo is born

  29. Potatoes are introduced to England from America by John Hawkins, known as Elizabeth's slave trader.

  30. And so, exploration to the New World emerges ….

  31. which brings many new & exciting riches to Elizabethan society …

  32. Year: 1582Shakespeare's Marriage • 1582 Nov. 27. A marriage license is issued by the Bishop of Worcester to "WillelmumShaxpere [and] Annam Whateley.“ • Plague in London. • Berkeley's Men, and Lord Chandos's men, perform in Stratford. Work is begun on the London Bridge waterworks, to supply the city with water. • 1583 May 26--Susanna, first child of William and Anne Shakespeare, is born • 1585Feb. 2– Hamnet and Judith, twins of William and Anne Shakespeare, are christened. An unnamed company of players is at Stratford.