. Beekeeping in FAO policy. Presented at the BEEKEEPING AND DEVELOPMENT: DIVERSITY OF INITIATIVES AND INTEREST FOR A NETWORK International Seminar Organised by Miel Maya Honing (Belgium) and Apiflordev (France), Brussels, Belgium 26/03/2010 by Danilo J. Mejía-Lorío Ph.D Agro-Industries and Post-harvest Officer and Focal Point on Apiculture of the Rural Infrastructure and Agro-Industries Division, AGS- FAO, Rome, Italy.
INTRODUCTION There are various projects for technical assistance that enable FAO to support member country applications by means of financial contributions provided by other donors agencies
The approach of FAO’s technical assistance projects must focus on supporting and reinforcing sectors related to: • Agriculture (beekeeping) • Forestry (beekeeping) • Fishing and, • Rural Development (beekeeping)
Any project requested to FAO must follow a formal procedure until reaching its consolidation and implementation in the geographic location
Aspects of interest to consider in the structure of the projects include: • Identification and diagnosis of the needs in the area • Be in line with the reality of the beneficiaries • Promote critical mass in time and space • Be viable, functional and efficient
The main objectives must be directed at improving: • Food Security • Socioeconomic well-being • Environmental protection
Potential Sources of Financing of Projects: Unilateral fiduciary funds (FFU/UTF) Technical Cooperation Programme of FAO (PCT/TCP) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) TeleFood (TF)
The project proposal should be presented by the requesting government to the international agencies To the UNDP if funds are coming from them or to the FAO representation (FAOR) along with a previous evaluation of the FAOR
Once the proposal is technically cleared by the respective technical unit: The field technical operations division (TCO) requests FAO Director General’s approval. Then FAO forwards this to the donor through the UNDP or FAOR of the country Project proposals above US$700,000 should be approved by UNDP in New York
...Duration of projects could be five years or more The projects of the Special Programme for Food Security (SPFS) have a similar proceeding and are applicable in countries classified as Low Income Countries with Food Deficit (LICFD).
Project of the Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP) FAO These projects provide urgent assistance with funds from the Regular Programme of FAO The budget threshold is US$ 500,000 and maximum duration is 2 years These projects are managed by the technical cooperation programme of FAO
The TCP Projects include: Emergencies Training Investment Formulation and programming Advice Support Assistance for development Technical Cooperation between countries
TeleFood (TFD) Project A maximum of six projects can be implemented in each country with a threshold budget of US$ 10,000 for each project These projects stimulate food production and income generation... These projects are financed via FAO fund raising initiatives (artistic events highlighting hunger in the world)
The TFD projects include the following categories: Crops production Small livestock production including beneficial insects Production and enhancing fishing. Post harvest prevention and food processing NOTE: In 2006 around 5% of the total TFD PROJECTS WERE ON BEEKEEPING
International Measures for the conservation and sustainable use of Pollinators • International Context. IPI (International Pollinator Initiative) of the CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity)- adopted by the CBD in 2000. • At CBD COP V (Decision V/5), the CBD Executive Secretary requested: “invite the FAO to facilitate and coordinate the Initiative in close cooperation with other relevantorganizations...” • FAO : Coordinated the development of an Action Plan for the IPI; • Carries out Global Action on Pollination Services as a contribution to the IPI, making available various tools and guidelines to pollination management, as available on the website: • www.internationalpollinatorsinitiative.org • Tracks progress in implementation of the initiative and reports back to the CBD; • Coordinates a Global project on “Conservation and Management of Pollinators for Sustainable Agriculture, through an Ecosystem Approach”, with on-the-ground activities in seven countries (Brazil, Ghana, India, Kenya, Nepal, Pakistan and South Africa) and global outputs, being implemented from 2009-2013.
FAO. 2009. Bees and their role in forest livelihoods, by N. Bradbear, Non-wood forest products No. 19, Rome FAO. 2006. Honey bee diseases and pests: a practical guide, Agricultural and food engineering report No.4, Rome FAO. 2003. Beekeeping and sustainable livelihoods, by N. Bradbear, FAO Diversification Booklet No.1, Rome FAO. 1996. Value-added products from beekeeping, by R. Krell, FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin No. 124, Rome FAO. 1995. Pollination of cultivated plants in the tropics, by D. W. Roubik, FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin No. 118, Rome List of FAO Beekeeping Publications
Cont...List of FAO Beekeeping Publications • FAO. 1993. Apicultura práctica en América Latina, by L.G. Cornejo, FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin No. 105, Rome • FAO. 1990. Beekeeping in Africa, by S. T. Adjare, FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin No. 68/6, Rome • FAO. 1990. Control de calidad de la miel y la cera, by E. M. Bianchi, FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin No. 68/3, Rome • FAO. 1987. Honeybee diseases and enemies in Asia: a practical guide, FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin No. 68/5, Rome • FAO. 1986. Beekeeping in Asia, by P. Akratanakul, FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin No. 68/4, Rome • FAO. 1986. Honeybee mites and their control- A selected annotated bibliography, FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin No. 68/2, Rome
Conclusions Apart from being a direct donor institution, FAO also contributes by means of its technical assistance in improving the food security and rural development of their member countries. From its foundation the FAO has implemented innumerable projects in the world and every day it improves his strategies to provide attendance to those who need more attention and where Beekeeping is of relevance. Wider information can be acquired at the FAO Representation of each member country FAO shares partnerships with beekeeping organizations like Apimondia and supports others
THANK YOUDanilo J. Mejía-Lorío Ph.DAgro-Industries and Post-harvest Officer and Focal Point on Apiculture of the Rural Infrastructure and Agro-Industries Division, AGS- FAO, Rome, Italy.