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Shadoe Miluck Mrs. Vanderburg HSP 3U1 11-13 November, 2013. The Empowerment of women. Through History, Stories, and Legends. Historical Women. List of Historical Women. Joan of Arc – World famous icon from 1412 France. Important part of the Hundred Years War

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Shadoe Miluck

Mrs. Vanderburg

HSP 3U1

11-13 November, 2013

The Empowerment of

women

Through History, Stories, and Legends

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List of Historical Women

  • Joan of Arc – World famous icon from 1412 France. Important part of the Hundred Years War
  • Pocahontas (1595-1617) – Native American princess of Powhantan Tribe. Saved and married leader of Jamestown Colony, John Smith.
  • Sacagawea (1788-1812) – Lemhi Shoshone Native American. Travelled with Lewis and Clark, helping as a guide and interpreter.
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1913) – Pioneer of the Women's Right Movement
  • Calera Barton (1821-1912) – Famous Civil war nurse, founded American Red Cross
  • Amelia Earhart (1897-1937?) – First women to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean
  • Anne Frank (1929-1945) – Wrote a diary about her experiences at the Nazi Concentration Camp, to show what really was happening
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Harriet Tubman

  • 1820-1913
  • Often called the mosses of her people, leading many from bondage to freedom.
  • Major part of Underground Railroad, a humanitarian, and a union nurse as well as a spy during the American Civil War.
  • Left slavery in 1844 traveling 90 miles only at night to Pennsylvania
  • Returned inn 1850 to get family
  • In her 12 years before the war, she became the most active figure in the Underground Railroad
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Lady Godiva

Her Story:

Lord Leofric imposed a heavy taxation upon his people of Saxon. Lady Godiva protested because she cared about the people of the town.

Lord Leofric offered a challenge to his wife: If she rode horseback naked through the streets of the town, he would remove the taxation. She was a modest women but quickly agreed to the challenge.

On the morning of the event, she began her ride wrapped only in her long hair. But do to her generosity, the people of the town agreed to close their shutters to preserve her modesty. It is said that through her journey, not a single glance fell upon her.

When she finished her journey, the town was filled with cheer. And as promised, Lord Leofric removed his taxation!

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The Women Who Fell From the Sky

Creation Story of the Iroquois & Huron

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In the beginning, the earth was nothing but water.

A women fell from a torn place in the sky due to an uprooted tree. Two loons flying saw her caught her as she fell.

The called to the other animals for help, knowing they couldn’t hold her for long.

A snapping turtle told the other animals to go to the bottom of the water and bring up dirt to place on his back to give the women a place to sit.

Bit by bit, the ground was placed on the turtles back, slowly creating the earth. The birds, exited, flew around creating the continents and countries.

The women gave birth to a baby girl, who created the human population.

The turtle is still holding the earth today.

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Haumea

Polynesian Belief

In Hawaiian mythology, Haumea was the goddess of childbirth and fertility.

Before the Earth was created, Haumea lived in an orchard were everything grew on trees (including animals). She herself would also grow leaves as though she was a tree.

One day, one her leaves feel to the ground and from them grew a beautiful young man. She wanted to mate with him so she grew a vagina from leaves. But the young man withered like a leaf and died.

Haumea was heartbroken, dying shortly after. But she was reborn again as a tree and began growing new leaves.

Her cycle of birth and death showed that everything that is born must die, but it shall be reborn again in another life.

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Nut and Geb

Egyptian Earth Creation

Nut and Geb were the sky and earth. Born together in sexual embrace, Ra, their grandfather, ordered Shu (air) to separate and force them apart. Nut pushed up forming the sky, and Geb help down to form the earth.

Nut’s body was huge, and her hands and feet became the four cardinal points of Egyptian astrology. And if Nut was to ever fall back down to Geb, chaos and disaster would happen.

In Egyptian art, Nut was often shown standing on all fours about Geb, or holding him overhead. Once in a while she was associated with Hathor, the cow goddess, and would be holding a cow above her head with milk flowing from its udders fertilizing the earth.

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Biblical Story of Lilith

Lilith was Adams first wife. Adam wanted her to lie beneath him during sexual intercourse. Lilith would not allow him this demand for male dominance. Instead she cursed him and fled to her home at the Red Sea.

Adam complained to the God who sent the angles Sanvi, Sansanvi, and Semangelaf, to take Lilith back to Eden. She complained and cursed the three angles.

By the Red Sea she became a lover of Daemons, having 100 babies a day. The angels said that they would take her babies if she did not return to Adam.

When she didn’t return, her children were taken. God also than gave Adam the docile Eve.

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The Three Graces

Celestial Sisters

The three Graces are beautiful goddesses that represent female charm and loveliness. They are the offspring of Zeus and the Oceanid Eurynome. Their individual names very in different authorities.

Ancient artists show the graces standing side by side, in an interlocked pose without any cloths.

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The Fates

Celestial Sisters

The three fates are the daughters of Zeus, but sometimes the mother was Themis, other times it would be Nyx. They were the individuals that created the destiny of every mortal being.

Their names were Atropos (unbending), Clotho (spinner), and Lachesis (allotter). Clotho would spin the thread which created life, Lachesis would unwind and measure the thread, than Atropos would cut it.

No other deities had as much power as the Fate sisters, considering the fact they controlled not only mortal fate, but divine fate as well.

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The Muses

Celestial Sisters

Muses are nymphs of the arts, and usually represented as nine sisters. They are the offspring of Zeus and Mnemosyne.

The Muses lived all around the world and sang, dance, played and laughed to the joy of surrounding mortals.

All Muses are inspirational for anyone into the arts.

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The Furies

Infernal Sisters

The Furies are the goddesses who take vengeance for those who have been wronged. They are fierce in the sense they will hunt down a person who has spilled the blood of their own kind and torment them during their lifetime.

They were born from the drops of blood fallen from the severed genitals of Ouranos (Sky) who has impregnated Gaia (Earth). They are sisters of three, names Alekto, Tisiphone, and Megaira.

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The Harpies

Snatchers

The Harpies are wind storms that are in human form, they carry people away. Penelope prayed to Artemis to kill her with an arrow or for a wind storm to snatch her and take her to the River Ocean.

In early Greek, if a persons disappearance couldn’t be accounted for, they said the wind or a Harpy carried them off.

They are two sisters, Aello and Okypete, that are the daughters of Thaumas and Oceanid Elektra.

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Egyptian Pantheon

Isis

Isis is the daughter of Nut and Geb, and one of the most important ancient deities do to her many functions as well as her vivid history.

With her brother/husband Osiris she ruled Egypt. When Set killed Osiris she impregnated herself with his penis and had Horus. Since Osiris could not return to this world, she set out vengeance on Set.

Ma’at

Maat is the Goddess of fairness, justices, truth and mortality. She holds the scale that measures the soul against a feather after death to detect any guilt.

In heaven, her laws is what kept stability in the Universe. Gods would also swear in her name if they were to make a promise. She plays no favorites and will make sure justice is served to all.

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Greek Pantheon

Athena

Athena is a powerful Greek goddess that oversees and protects those who call upon her. She is the daughter of Zeus and Metis, born from Zeus’s head.

Though Athena is a warrior Goddess she battles with brains and not weapons. She is also the huntress goddess, and can help one resolve disputes when she is called.

Hecate

Hecate is the goddess of magic, witchcraft, the night and moon, ghost and necromancy. She is also seen as the triple goddess of crossroads,

She is the only child of Titanes Perses and Asteria. This is how she received her powers over the heavens, earth, and sea.

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Roman Pantheon

Diana

Diana is always seen carrying the silver bow and arrow given to her as a child by her father, Jupiter. She is the Roman moon goddess as well as the goddess of the hunt. She is a seductress as well as a mother figure.

Fortuna

Fortuna is the Roman Goddess of luck, fortune, and fate. She is usually depicted holding a horn of plenty, representing her ability to give one prosperity. In the other she is generally holding a ships rudder, indicating her ability to steer how ones life shall go.

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Scandinavian Pantheon

Freya

Freya is the moon goddess and wife of Odin. She is also the commander of all Valkyrise. She is the daughter of Njord (Sea God) and Nerthus (Earth Goddess).

Her sexual powers increased when she gained possession of the magical necklace, Brisingmen, which Loki stole for her. Unafraid of these sexual powers, she teaches us to appreciate our attractiveness and enjoy ourselves.

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Hinduism Pantheon

Kali

Kali is the Hindu goddess of death. Usually depicted as a bloodthirsty naked women, with her tongue sticking out. Always seen with a necklace of skulls, and a skirt of human arms. She is seen holding a knife of some kind, a human head, and a dish of blood.

She drank the blood of a daemon and became so drunk on the blood that she began to dance Shiva’s cosmic dance of destruction, destroying everything in her path.

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Celtic Pantheon

The Morrigan

The Irish goddess of war. She influences the outcome of a conflict by terrifying one of the sides on the battlefield.

She was part of a trinity goddess, along side of Badband Macha, who can also appear as part of Morrigan herself. The sisters would take form as a crow and perch on rooftops foretelling the future of the wars and battles. Then they would swoop down to the battlefield and ravage the corpse.

The Morrigan had trouble taking sides and her violent qualities were powerfully linked to her sexuality.

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References:

Astma, Aaron J. 2000. Hekate. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/Hekate.html

Bartlett, Sarah. 2009. The Mythology Bible. Sterling Publishing Co Inc. New York. Book.

GODIVA.com. 2013 The Godiva Name. http://www.godiva.com/our-story-the-godiva- name/OurStoryArticle1.html

Hansen, William. 2004. Classical Mythology: A Guide to the Mythical World of the Greeks and Romans. Oxford University. New York. Book.

Henter, Alan G. 3 March, 19997. Lilith. http://www.pantheon.org/articles/l/lilith.html

Native American Myths. http://www.crystalinks.com/namcreationwomen.html

Took, Thalia. 2004. Fortuna. http://www.thaliatook.com/OGOD/fortuna.html

RavenwWolf, Silver. 1993 and 2006. To Ride a Silver Broomstick: New Generation Witchcraft. Llewellyn Publication. Woodbury, Minnesota. Book.

Virtue, Doreen. 2004. Guidebook for the Goddess Guidance Oracle Cards. Hay House, Inc. New York City. Book.

Weider History Network. 2013. Famous Women. http://www.historynet.com/famous-women-in-history

Weider History Network. 2013. Harriet Tubman. http://www.historynet.com/harriet-tubman