Hatching & Cross Hatching • Hatching is a drawing technique where you apply tone and texture in rows of parallel lines. • Cross Hatching is where you crisscross several layers of Hatching in order to darken your tones. • Hatched lines should be drawn lightly and closely together. • When you begin you should set your paper at an angle to find a comfortable position for drawing. Change the angle of the paper (and not your body position) when applying further layers of cross hatching. A comfortable and fixed drawing position is the key to consistent cross hatching. • It is important to practice cross hatching before you start a drawing as you need to develop a confidence and rhythm to your technique.
Create a Hatching and Cross Hatching Value Scale • Using Durer’s drawings, choose a face or pillow to practice hatching and cross-hatching. Copy all lines using one sheet of paper in your sketchbook. • HOMEWORK: Bring in a detailed black and white photo of an animal or bird.
Scratchboard • Scratchboard is a technique where the artist scratches away ink to reveal a color underneath, usually white. • Great way to illustrate the importance of highlights in an artwork. • Forces you to think in reverse to pull the image from the surface.
Purpose & Objective • To learn the importance of highlights and lighter values in the creation of artwork. • To learn the process of scratchboard etching. • To learn about creating a full range of value in artworks through the creation of a scratchboard etching.
Materials • 9" x12" scratchboard paper • 9” x 12” white drawing paper • Pencils and erasers • scratchboard tools • Ballpoint pens
Procedures • Choose an animal or bird to draw. • Draw a quick sketch of your animal in your sketchbook first. • Using pencil, draw a preliminary drawing of your animal or bird on a 9”x12” drawing paper with hatching marks. • Transfer your drawing onto the scratchboard paper. Touch up any lines with pencil. • Use scratchboard tools to scratch away the lighter values (highlights) to complete a scratchboard etching. Make sure you use hatching marks.