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Depression
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Depression

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  1. Depression Words to know • Disorders – Disturbance in a normal function of a part of the body. • Depression – A very serious mood disorder in which people loose interest in life and can no longer find enjoyment in anything.

  2. Anxiety Anxiety- A state of uneasiness, usually associated with a future of uncertainty. Anxiety Disorder- A disorder in which intense feelings of fear keeps a person from functioning normally. There are several types of anxiety disorders. Examples: Panic- A feeling of sudden intense fear. Phobia- an exaggerated fear of a specific situation

  3. Suicide • The intentional taking of ones own life

  4. Warning Signs of Suicide • Sharing suicide plans openly • Dropping hints through words and actions • A sudden fascination with the topic of death • Dramatic changes in the persons appearance • Self destructive behavior • Withdrawal from friends, family, and regular activities • A sudden change in mood

  5. Ways of Providing Support • Talk to the person • Show an interest in the persons problems • Ask if they are planning to harm themselves • Encourage the person to tell or talk to a trusted adult • Never promise to keep suicide plans a secret

  6. Self Injury/ Mutilation Definition: Intentional injury to one’s own body. Usually leaves marks or causes tissue damage. Examples: • Cutting • Burning/Branding • Excessive piercing/tattooing • Picking at skin/ reopening wounds • Hair pulling • Head banging, hitting, bone breaking

  7. Self Injury Cycle

  8. Warning Signs of Self-Injury • Wearing pants/long sleeves in warm weather • Possessing lighters, razors, sharp objects • Low self- esteem • Difficulty handling feelings • Relationship problems • Poor functioning at work, school, and home

  9. Red Flags Mrs. Fawcett-Dubow, SAY program

  10. EATING DISORDERS Eating Disorder Extreme and damaging eating behaviors that can lead to sickness and even death Purge To rid, cleanse, purify Malnutrition Condition in which the body doesn’t get the nutrients it needs to grow and function properly

  11. EATING DISORDERS Anorexia Nervosa An eating disorder characterized by self-starvation leading to extreme weight loss Bulimia Nervosa A condition in which people repeatedly eat large amounts of food and then try to get rid of the food they have eaten by purging (throwing up) Binge Eating Similar to Bulimia without purging

  12. Bulimiavs. Anorexia • Going to the bathroom immediately after eating. • Running water to hide sounds of vomiting. • Swollen cheeks • Damaged tooth enamel from stomach acid. • Hormone imbalance (dehydration, damage to kidneys and liver, and loss of impt. Minerals) • Good grades but low self-esteem. • Poor body image • Thoughts of being overweight even though they are very thin • Thin and brittle bones • Risk of starvation • Risk of heart failure • Depression… can lead to suicide

  13. Binge Eating Disorder Characteristics: • Eating when not hungry • Eating large amounts at one time • Eating alone • Hiding food • Feelings of guilt • Serious weight problems • Low self esteem • Poor body image

  14. WARNING SIGNS • Restrictive dieting • Purging through vomiting, diuretics, or laxatives • Withdrawal from teammates • Chronic fatigue • Excessive exercise outside of routine training periods • Inability to complete workouts • Excessive weight loss • Inability to concentrate • Changes in mood • Light-headedness

  15. ATHLETES AND EATING DISORDERS • There are certain sports where eating disorders are more prevalent • A high percentage of them are endurance sports that emphasize low body weight

  16. ATHLETES AND EATING DISORDERS • Sports where clothing is revealing or sports emphasize low body weights: • swimming, diving, volleyball, figure skating, cycling, wrestling, dancing, track, cheerleading, gymnastics, body building, etc… • Some coaches and judges put pressure on athletes to be thin by criticizing them and making negative comments about their weight

  17. ATHLETES AND EATING DISORDERS • Athletes with eating disorders often have a higher risk of medical complications • Fatigue • Dizziness • Muscle wasting • Stress fractures • Depleted food stores • Weakness • fainting

  18. HELPING A PERSON WITH AN EATING DISORDER • Convince the person to get help • Tell an adult • Get professional help

  19. HELPING A PERSON WITH A EATING DISORDER 4. Encourage the person to join a support group 5. Recommend a follow-up visit