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Close Reading. Background from Douglas Fisher. Our Ongoing Goal. To ensure all students are career and college ready. Background from Douglas Fisher. Today’s Goal. Engage staff in collegial conversations regarding close reading

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Close reading
Close Reading

Background from Douglas Fisher

Our ongoing goal
Our Ongoing Goal

  • To ensure all students are career and college ready

Background from Douglas Fisher

Today s goal
Today’s Goal

  • Engage staff in collegial conversations regarding close reading

  • Identify the components of close reading and make connections to current literacy practices

  • Participate in a close reading lesson

Anticipation guide
Anticipation Guide

  • Read each statement.

  • Decide if the statement is true or false and mark the appropriate box.

  • Under each statement support your answer using background knowledge and experiences.

  • Discuss answers with a partner.

Close readi ng is not
Close Reading is not…

Andrea and Gilberto passed an ice cream shop every day when they walked home from school. Every Friday they brought money to _______ and stopped at the ice cream _________ to buy a double-dip ice cream ___________. One ________ Gilberto forgot to bring ________ money and when they got to __________ ice cream shop, he said, “Oh no. I can’t buy an ice cream _________ today.”

Cloze Reading

Close readi ng is
Close Reading is….

“Close Reading – an intensive analysis of a text in order to come to terms with what it says, how it says it, and what it means.”

Tim Shanahan

Close readi ng is1
Close Reading is….

“Focused, sustainedreading and rereading of a text for the purpose of understanding key points, gathering evidence, and building knowledge.


Primary purpose of close reading
Primary Purpose of Close Reading

The primary objective of a close reading is to afford students with the opportunity to assimilate new textual information with their existing background knowledge and prior experiences to expand their schema.

Doug Fisher

Secondary purpose of close reading
Secondary Purpose of Close Reading

A second purpose of a close reading is to build the necessary habits of readers when they engage with a complex piece of text.

Doug Fisher

Characteristics of a close reading lesson
Characteristics of a Close Reading Lesson

  • Use of short pieces of literary or non-fiction text

  • Use of selected passages from a longer text

  • Multiple readings of a text

  • Annotation of text

  • Discussions among students (think pair share, elbow partners discuss etc.)

  • Asking and answering text-dependent questions

  • Writing about the text using evidence from the text

Text dependent questions are not
Text-Dependent Questions are not…

  • Low-level, literal, or recall questions

  • Focused on comprehension strategies

  • Just questions…

Text dependent questions1
Text-Dependent Questions...

  • Can only be answered with evidence from the text.

  • Can be literal (checking for understanding) but must also involve analysis, synthesis, evaluation.

  • Focus on word, sentence, and paragraph, as well as larger ideas, themes, or events.

  • Focus on difficult portions of text in order to enhance reading proficiency.

  • Can also include prompts for writing and discussion questions.

Three types of text dependent questions
Three Types of Text-Dependent Questions

  • When you're writing or reviewing a set of questions,consider the following three categories:

  • Questions that assess themes and central ideas

  • Questions that assess knowledge of vocabulary

  • Questions that assess syntax and structure

Non examples and examples

What makes Casey’s experiences at bat humorous?

What can you infer from King’sletter about the letter that he received?

“The Gettysburg Address” mentions the year 1776. According to Lincoln’s speech, why is this year significant to the events described in the speech?

Non-Examples and Examples

Not Text-Dependent


In “Casey at the Bat,” Casey strikes out. Describe a time when you failed at something.

In “Letter from a Birmingham Jail,” Dr. King discusses nonviolent protest. Discuss, in writing, a time when you wanted to fight against something that you felt was unfair.

In “The Gettysburg Address” Lincoln says the nation is dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Why is equality an important value to promote?

Which of the following questi ons req uire students to read the text closely
Which of the following questionsrequire students to read the text closely?

  • If you were present at the signing of the Declaration of Independence, what would you do?

  • What are the reasons listed in the preamble for supporting their argument to separate from Great Britain?

Close reading

Annotating text to deepen understanding

Annotating Independence, what would you do?Text to Deepen Understanding

Doug Fisher


Nancy Frey

Close reading

Annotation Independence, what would you do? is a note of any form made while reading text.

“Reading with a pencil.”

Close reading

Annotation Independence, what would you do?slows down the reader in order to deepen understanding.

Close reading


Close reading

Annotation in PreK-2 purpose.

  • Language experience approach

  • Interactive writing and shared pen activities

Close reading

Using purpose.


in Fifth Grade

Close reading

Modeled annotation in purpose.Seventh Grade

Close reading

Modeling in 9 Grade English

Let s try it
Let’s Try It! purpose.

How to do a close read
How To Do A Close Read purpose.

  • Read with a pencil in hand – annotate the text

  • Look for patterns in the things you’ve noticed about the text – repetitions, contradictions, similarities

    • This is whatever the teacher wants the students to look for: key ideas & details, central message or theme, character traits, etc

  • Ask questions about the patterns you’ve noticed – especially how and why

Anticipation guide1
Anticipation Guide purpose.

  • Close reading should focus on background knowledge to expand knowledge of text.

  • Students should reread text several times when participating in a CLOSE reading.

  • CLOSE reading should foster student interactions and discussion.

  • It is best to use on level reading materials for CLOSE reading instruction.

  • A text dependent question is a question that can be answered from the text word for word.

  • Annotation does not slow down the reader when they are reading complex text.

Resources purpose.

The Aspen Institute Education

And Society Program

  • www.achive

  • Wisconsin Department of

  • Public Instruction

  • Portland Public Schools

  • (Department of Instruction,

  • Curriculum, and Assessment)

Instructional coaching website

Instructional Coaching Website purpose.

Instructional Resources