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RECUPERARE MEDICALA. CLINICA DE RECUPERARE III INRMFB FILANTROPIA. Specialitate de tip conservator Viziune holistica Scop : refacerea functionalului Intretinerea / cresterea nivelului functional in diverse patologii ( ap locomotor )

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recuperare medicala

RECUPERARE MEDICALA

CLINICA DE RECUPERARE III INRMFB

FILANTROPIA

recuperarea medicala

Specialitate de tip conservator

  • Viziuneholistica
  • Scop: refacereafunctionalului
  • Intretinerea/crestereanivelului functional in diverse patologii (aplocomotor)
  • Realizareaunormijloacefacilitatorii, compensatorii, intrinseci/extrinseci
Recuperarea medicala
categorii de afectare functionala

Infirmitatea (impairment) = alterarea structurala/functionala in plan psihologic/fiziologic/anatomic, care permite desfasurarea activitatii

Incapacitatea (disability) = reducere partiala/totala a capac. de desfasurare a unei activitati ( dificultati de autoingrijire/locomotie)

Handicapul = dezavantajul social in urma unei infirmitati/incapacitatii => limiteaza desfasurarea unei vieti normale => pacient dependent social si profesional

CATEGORII DE AFECTARE FUNCTIONALA
evaluare clinico functionala

EXAMEN CLINIC

EVALUARE FUNCTIONALA:

- BILANT ARTICULAR

- BILANT MUSCULAR

- EVALUAREA MERSULUI

- EVALUAREA ACTIVITATILOR ZILNICE (ADL)

- INDICE WOMAC/LEQUESNE/FIM/D’AUBIGNE

EVALUAREA CALITATII VIETII

EVALUARE CLINICO-FUNCTIONALA
evaluare paraclinica

ANALIZE SANGE/LICHID ARTICULAR/SPUTA

  • ECG
  • SPIROMETRIE
  • IMAGISTIC

- RX/MIELOGRAFIE

- ECHOGRAFIC – ABD/PELVIN/PARTI MOI

- RMN/CT/ANGIORMN/PET-CT

  • EMG/EEG
EVALUARE PARACLINICA
obiective terapeutice in recuperarea medicala

SCADEREA DURERILOR

  • CRESTEREA STABILITATII MI
  • CRESTEREA MOBILITATII ARTICULARE
  • CRESTEREA GRADULUI DE COORDONARE A MI
  • AMELIORAREA ECHILIBRULUI
  • ANTRENAMENTUL MERSULUI
OBIECTIVE TERAPEUTICEIN RECUPERAREA MEDICALA
mijloace terapeutice

Regimhigieno-dietetic: dieta, supl. nutritive, regulihigienaarticulara

  • Tratamentmedicamentos (afectiuniasociate)
  • Tratamentfizical – kinetic:
  • G, posturari, orteze, TT, ET, masaj, TO
  • KT (antrenamefort/incarcareartic)
  • Suplimentarevascoelastica
  • Infiltratiicortizonice
  • Curabalneara
  • Indicatiachirurgicala
  • Psihoterapie/logopedie
MIJLOACE TERAPEUTICE
metodologie specifica

TERAPIA FIZICALA

- ET

- TT

- HTT

  • MASAJUL TERAPEUTIC
  • KINETOTERAPIA
  • HIDROKT
  • TO/ERGO
METODOLOGIE SPECIFICA
scale de evaluare osteoporoza

Evaluarea calităţii vieţii

  • chestionarul QUALEFFO 41, (iniţial şi după şase luni de program kinetic controlat).
  • Chestionarul  tip Qualeffo 41 este un instrument standardizat, utilizat de Fundatia Europeana pentru Osteoporoza .
  • Se adresează pacienţilor cu osteoporoză vertebrală instalată şi este alcătuit din 41-48 de întrebari şi şase scale vizuale analoge.
  • Poate fi autoadministrat.
  • Intrebările se referă la şapte domenii :
    • Durere
    • ADL
    • Activităţi casnice
    • Mobilitate
    • Activităţi de relaxare şi sociale
    • Percepţia generală asupra sănătăţii
    • Dispoziţia
  • Este tradus în germană, franceză, olandeză, italiană, suedeză .
Scale de evaluare - OSTEOPOROZA
scale de evaluare

MEASUREMENT SCALES USED IN ELDERLY CARE

  • FUNCTIONAL INDEPENDENCE MEASURE AND FUNCTIONAL ASSESSMENT MEASURE
  • Functional Independence Measure
  • The Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scale assesses physical and cognitive disability
  • This scale focuses on the burden of care – that is, the level of disability indicating the burden of caring for them.
  • Scoring
  • Items are scored on the level of assistance required for an individual to perform activities of daily living. The scale includes 18 items, of which 13 items are physical domains based on the Barthel Index and 5 items are cognition items.
  • Each item is scored from 1 to 7 based on level of independence, where 1 represents total dependence and 7 indicates complete independence.
  • The scale can be administered by a physician, nurse, therapist or layperson.
  • Possible scores range from 18 to 126, with higher scores indicating more independence.
  • Alternatively, 13 physical items could be scored separately from 5 cognitive items.
  • Time
  • It takes 1 hour to train a rater to use the FIM scale, and 30 minutes to score the scale for each patient.
  • The FIM can be completed in approximately 20-30 minutes in conference, by observation, or by telephone interview.
Scale de evaluare
scale de evaluare1

Disability Rating Scale

DRS address all three World Health Organization categories: impairment, disability and handicap, the DRS is able to measure across the span of recovery to track an individual from coma to community

  • The maximum score a patient can obtain on the DRS is 29, which represents an extreme vegetative state. A person without disability would score zero. For the DRS to be reliable, it must be employed when the individual is free from the influence of anesthesia, other mind-altering drugs, recent seizure, or recovery from surgical anesthesia.
  • The DRS can be self-administered or scored through interview with the client or family member.
  • The ease of scoring and the brevity of the scale are compelling reasons for its popularity. Scoring time can range from 30 seconds (if one is very familiar with the scale and the client) to 15 minutes, assuming the rater must interview the client/family and seek additional information from available staff.
  • A limitation of the DRS is its relative insensitivity at the low end of the scale (mild TBI) and its inability to reflect more subtle but sometimes significant changes in an individual within a specific, limited window of recovery.
Scale de evaluare
neuropsychological screening examination

The purpose of a neuropsychological screening examination is to determine if there is reasonable evidence, beyond initial clinical impression, for a diagnosis of brain injury or brain disease.

Even though it is "screening," the examination must be definitive in this regard.Once a screening points to reasonable probability that a neurological condition exists, a full neuropsychological examination would be indicated to attain further diagnostic, prognostic, and treatment planning information.

Both screening and full neuropsychological examinations offer the opportunity for diagnosis of probability of brain dysfunction (as opposed to diagnosis of psychodynamic, personality, and/or emotional disorder not associated with neurological causes).

For a screening examination, assessing probability of brain dysfunction is about as far as the diagnosis goes.

A full neuropsychological examination, on the other hand, is necessary to delineate the wide variety of functional manifestations of brain damage or disease.

Such detail is necessary to understand the life consequences of functional impairment (e.g., work, school, relationships, driving potentials, competency, and so forth).

NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL SCREENING EXAMINATION
scale de evaluare neurologie

The Barthel scale or Barthel ADL index is a scale used to measure performance in basic Activities of Daily Living. It uses ten variables describing activities of daily living (ADL) and mobility. A higher number is associated with a greater likelihood of being able to live at home with a degree of independence following discharge from hospital. The scale was introduced in 1965,[1] and yielded a score of 0-20. Although this original version is still widely used, it was modified by Granger et al. in 1979, when it came to include 0-10 points for every variable,[2] and further refinements were introduced in 1989.[3] The scale is regarded as reliable, although its use in clinical trials in stroke medicine is inconsistent.[4]

  • The ten variables addressed in the Barthel scale are[1]:
  • presence or absence of fecal incontinence
  • presence or absence of urinary incontinence
  • help needed with grooming
  • help needed with toilet use
  • help needed with feeding
  • help needed with transfers (e.g. from chair to bed)
  • help needed with walking
  • help needed with dressing
  • help needed with climbing stairs
  • and help needed with bathing
Scale de evaluare - Neurologie
scale de evaluare stroke

Stroke: The National Institute of Health (NIH) stroke scale (NIHSS) is a standardized method used by physicians and other health care professionals to measure the level of impairment caused by a stroke.

  • The NIH stroke scale serves several purposes, but its main use in clinical medicine is during the assessment of whether or not the degree of disability caused by a given stroke merits treatment with tPA.
  • Another important use of the NIHSS is in research, where it allows for the objective comparison of efficacy across different stroke treatments and rehabilitation interventions.
Scale de evaluare - Stroke
scale de evaluare stroke1

The NIH stroke scale measures several aspects of brain function, including consciousness, vision, sensation, movement, speech, and language. A certain number of points are given for each impairment uncovered during a focused neurological examination. A maximal score of 42 represents the most severe and devastating stroke. Current guidelines as of 2008 allow strokes with scores greater than 4 points to be treated with tPA.

  • The level of stroke severity as measured by the NIH stroke scale scoring system:
  • 0= no stroke
  • 1-4= minor stroke
  • 5-15= moderate stroke
  • 15-20= moderate/severe stroke
  • 21-42= severe stroke
Scale de evaluare - Stroke
scale de evaluare spasticitate in boli neurologice

The Ashworth scale is one of the most widely used methods of measuring spasticity, due in a large part to the simplicity and reproducible method. 5-Point Scale

Muscle tone is defined by the resistance of a muscle being stretched without resistance.

The Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) has a 6-point scale that assists with stroke patients.

The MAS better measures muscle hypertonia instead of spasticity.

Scale de evaluareSpasticitate in boli neurologice
scale de evaluare2

Ashworth Scale

  • 1.      No increase in muscle tone.
  • 2.      Slight increase in tone giving a “catch” when affected part is moved in flexion or extension.
  • 3.      More marked increase in tone but affected part is easily flexed.
  • 4.      Considerable increase in tone; passive movement difficult.
  • 5.      Affected part is rigid in flexion or extension.
Scale de evaluare
scale de evaluare ortopedie

De la dezvoltarea lui în 1982, The Western Ontario Mc Master Scor WOMACTM Index a suferit mai multe revizii şi modificări;

  • este auto-administrat şi evaluează trei dimensiuni ale disfunctiei membrului inferior: durere, redoarea articulară si afectarea functionala în afectiunile de genunchi folosind o baterie de 24 de întrebări.
  • Cea mai recentă versiune a instrumentului (WOMACTM 3.1) este disponibil în 65 de limbi, disponibil în ambele formate: 5 puncte Likert şi 100mm Scala Analoga Visuala
  • Este o măsură valabilă si fiabila, fiind utilizata în diverse studii clinice şi intervenţionale
  • Validarea acestei scale de evaluare s-a realizat in afectiunile degenerative de la nivelul genunchiului si soldului
  • The index consists of 24 questions (5 pain, 2 stiffness and 17 physical function) and can be completed in less than 5 minutes.
  • The WOMAC is a valid, reliable and sensitive instrument for the detection of clinically important changes in health status following a variety of interventions (pharmacologic, surgical, physiotherapy, etc.).
Scale de evaluare - Ortopedie
scale de evaluare ortopedie2

Wrist

  • MAYO Wrist Score
  • DASH (Disabilities of arm, shoulder & hand) Score
  • Quick-DASH Score
  • Hand
  • DASH (Disabilities of arm, shoulder & hand) Score
  • Quick-DASH Score
  • Lumbar Spine
  • Oswestry Low Back Pain Score
  • Modified Oswestry Low Back Pain Score
  • Back Pain Index   new
  • Cervical Spine
  • Vernon & Mior Cervical Spine Score
SCALE DE EVALUARE - ORTOPEDIE