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Presents When Brains Collide with Technology. Arlene R. Taylor PhD www.arlenetaylor.org Brain References. Brain Benders Arlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc. Technology Is Here To Stay Arlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc. iPhone iPad Facebook Texting Tweeting

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
Presents

When Brains

Collide with Technology

Arlene R. Taylor PhD

www.arlenetaylor.org

Brain References

technology is here to stay arlene r taylor phd realizations inc
Technology Is Here To StayArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc
  • iPhone
  • iPad
  • Facebook
  • Texting
  • Tweeting
  • Internet surfing
  • Electronic games
  • Technology can create problems for the brain—especially the developing brain
brain layers arlene r taylor phd realizations inc
Brain LayersArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc

McLean’s Triune Brain Model

can help to explain both the

fascination with technology

and its inherent dangers

Each brain layer contains

distinct functions – although all systems interact continually at some level

reptilian layer arlene r taylor phd realizations inc
Reptilian LayerArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc

Brain Stem, Cerebellum (subconscious)

  • Processes the present only
  • Egocentric in that it directs its
  • its attention on the self
  • Contains neurons that release
  • dopamine (the feel-better chemical)
  • Motor neurons learn rapid
  • automatic responses (video games)
mammalian layer arlene r taylor phd realizations inc
Mammalian LayerArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc

Limbic System Structures (subconscious)

  • Perceives present and past
  • Generates emotional impulses
  • Contains hippocampus search engine
  • Triggers release of oxytocin when you
  • connect with others by text, phone, email
  • Processes information 80,000 times

faster than the conscious 3rd brain layer

neo cortex layer arlene r taylor phd realizations inc
Neo-Cortex LayerArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc

Cerebrum (eight lobes, consciousness)

  • Registers awareness of present,

past, and future

  • Contributes executive aspects
  • (e.g., abstract thought, metaphor,

planning, goal-setting, paying attention,

conscience, willpower, morality,

problem-solving, decision-making)

give and get arlene r taylor phd realizations inc
Give and GetArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc

For most things in life you must give up something to get something

Maturity involves evaluating

what you will GET versus

what you will GIVE up when

you are making a choice

The same principle applies

to technology and the brain

technology and brain rewards arlene r taylor phd realizations inc
Technology and Brain RewardsArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc
  • Electronics provide chemical brain rewards such as an adrenaline-dopamine rush, which help to keep people using them
  • Adrenalin is released when
  • you compete (games) and
  • gives you a hit of energy
  • Dopamine is released when you do an enjoyable activity (text, tweet, talk by phone; internet searches; play video games), which helps you feel better
brain rewards cont d arlene r taylor phd realizations inc
Brain Rewards, Cont’dArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc
  • Testosterone (in males) goes up when
  • they play games and/or compete
  • Oxytocin (bonding chemical) is released when you connect with friends through technology
  • Adrenalin and cortisol
  • are released when you
  • experience stress and
  • frustration with technology
addiction arlene r taylor phd realizations inc
AddictionArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc

The brain can become addicted

to the rush of hormones and

chemicals that technology

provides—you feel like

something is missing unless you are involved with technology

Your risk of addiction rises to the extent that technology is the most exciting thing in your life and your inability to choose to disconnect for periods of time every day

slide13
Reduced LearningArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc

Learning experiences are encoded in the hippocampus and then moved into long-term memory

USF study: Rats were given

a new learning experience

Some rats went directly to another activity; some rats were given down time directly after the new learning experience

slide14
Learning, Cont’dArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc
  • The rats that went directly
  • to another activity showed
  • reduced encoding in long
  • term memory and reduced learning
      • The rats that received down time after the new learning experience showed enhanced encoding of the
  • new experience in long term memory and enhanced learning
slide15
Learning - ContinuedArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc

In order to consolidate learning, the brain needs daily downtime – this has huge implications for learning

You need to schedule time every

day to shut off all electronics

and give your brain a break so it

can “consolidate” what you’re learning and move the information into long-term memory

slide16
Ability to Delay GratificationArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc

An ability to delay gratification is a key component for almost any type of success—people with addictive behaviors tend to be unable to delay gratification

Studies: Participants were given

the choice to text now and get a

small $ reward or unplug for

awhile and get a larger $$

reward the next week

slide17
Gratification, Cont’dArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc

Study results: ability to delay

electronic gratification

depended on the person

contacting the participant

The larger the rush from the specific person, the more difficult it was for the participant to delay gratification

Daily “unplugging” can help you learn the skills of delaying gratification

facebook time arlene r taylor phd realizations inc
Facebook TimeArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc
  • People who spend three hours per day on Facebook tend to occupy self with self
  • Use the lower brain layers
  • over higher brain function
  • Tend to exhibit decreased
  • empathy and compassion
  • Myelination tends to be
  • stronger in the lower brain layers
socialization skills arlene r taylor phd realizations inc
Socialization SkillsArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc

In order to develop effective socialization skills the brain needs real time, real life, face-to-face experiences, practicing striking up a conversation with

another person and setting others

at ease through small talk

Studies: Executive texting during a committee or meeting contributed to the person appearing to be unconnected or somewhat disengaged from the group

attention arlene r taylor phd realizations inc
AttentionArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc
  • Bridges (Anterior Commissure and
  • Corpus Callosum) connect the two
  • cerebral hemispheres
      • Both hemispheres are connected to a common brain stem so they sleep and wake at the same time
  • There appears to be only one integrated attention system—so conscious attention cannot be distributed to or divided between two spatially separate brain locations
slide21
Driving & Texting/TalkingArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc

The right brain cannot watch traffic

while the left brain is texting or

decoding speech sounds

US National Safety Council: 100,000 vehicle crashes annually are due to texting while driving— 1 + per hour (www.itcanwait.com)

Legislation introduced to require teenage drivers to have cell phones turned off completely while the vehicle is moving

slide22
MultitaskingArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc

The brain was not designed for

multi-tasking—it decreases

concentration, interferes with decision-making, and increases risk of accidents

While driving your mind is processing your destination, route, speed, traffic laws,

judging distances between your car and those around you, when to brake or speed up, amount of fuel left in the gas tank…

slide23
Driving, Cont’d

Arlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc

Talking on the phone decreases mindful awareness of traffic conditions

In simulations, drivers underestimated the interference of talking on the phone with cognitive processes

It can take up to 7 seconds to

transfer attention fully from one

activity to another

narcissism self absorption arlene r taylor phd realizations inc
Narcissism (Self Absorption)Arlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc

Teenage brain is not “done” yet and is rather self-absorbed (narcissistic) —

“It’s all about me . . .”

The process of maturing the teenage brain is a learned process, designed to move it away from narcissistic behavior to more balanced, functional,

adult behaviors

This is not a genetic process—it

either is learned or not learned

narcissism cont d arlene r taylor phd realizations inc
Narcissism, Cont’dArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc

An unbalanced use of technology

during adolescent years can

interfere with the maturation process

If the teenage brain fails to mature and move to more balanced behaviors, it tends to continue narcissistic behavior into adulthood

Danger: the antisocial narcissistic adult may exhibit sociopathic behaviors

recommendations arlene r taylor phd realizations inc
RecommendationsArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc
  • Practice unplugging from
  • technology by choice
  • Take regular breaks to give the brain
  • time to consolidate information (put
  • the pieces together and store it)
  • 3. Walk or bike in nature, read books,
  • play games, listen to audiobooks,
  • play or listen to music, do puzzles,
  • converse face-to-face …
recommendations cont d arlene r taylor phd realizations inc
Recommendations, Cont’dArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc
  • 4. Always turn off phone while driving
  • Stop texting / tweeting during
  • classes or in meetings
  • Practice conscious breathing, a major
  • component of martial arts, as it helps
  • to increase awareness
    • Learn to breathe OUT while exercising
    • or to help decrease pain
recommendations cont d arlene r taylor phd realizations inc1
Recommendations, Cont’dArlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc
  • Keep your bedroom free
  • from technology:
    • No TV in bedrooms, no iPhone or iPad, and no laptop computers
    • Shut off all electronics one hour prior to bedtime (LED lights stimulate the brain to wakefulness and can interfere with sleep)
technology is here to stay arlene r taylor phd realizations inc1
Technology Is Here To Stay, Arlene R. Taylor PhD Realizations Inc
  • iPhone, iPad
  • Facebook
  • Internet surfing
  • Electronic games
  • With some forethought you can prevent technology from creating problems for your brain
  • The life you save may be your own . . .
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