Ancient Greece Lesson 2: Creations and Contributions
Democratic Objectives: • Democratic Participation Skills: Students will participate in a discussion regarding government while listening to and expressing opinions and reasons. Students will also work cooperatively to complete the Academic Olympics. • Intellectual Skills: Students will compare and contrast Greek architecture with American architecture, as well as direct and representative democracies. They will make conclusions during the Academic Olympics based on the evidence learned earlier in the lesson. • Citizenship Dispositions and Virtues: Students will learn civility and being lawful through the direct and representative democracy presentation. They will respect the rights of others and be honest during the Academic Olympics.
SOLs: • VA SOL 3.1 The student will explain how the contributions of ancient Greece and Rome have influenced the present world in terms of architecture, government (direct and representative democracy), and sports.
Big Question: • What ideas/inventions started in ancient Greece are we still using today?
Recap • Welcome back to ancient Greece. • You will notice you are still in your city-states. • Today we are going to look at the contributions of the Greeks. Is there anything they created we still use today?
Remember… • Voting- an expression of choice • Election- choosing a person(s) to an office by voting • Democracy- a government by the people where the supreme power is in the people
Today, the whole class is going to vote on a new class rule. • The rule is all the girls in the class have to wear a pony tail on Wednesdays and Fridays. Direct
The principal wants to know who is the funniest in each classroom. The person with the most votes will represent the classroom. Choose wisely! • Who is the funniest.. Johnny or Mikey Representative
Two types of Democracy Representative Democracy A government in which the people vote for (elect) a smaller group of citizens make the rules and laws for everyone Direct Democracy • A government in which people vote to make their own rules and laws
What’s up with that? • What do you think of the two types of democracy? • How did you feel when it was your representative talking, not you? • Do you know any governments like this today? What type do they use? • Which would take longer to make a decision?
What else? • So the Greeks invented democracy. Did they make any other contributions?
Doric • Plain • There is no base • Examples: Parthenon in Athens, which is probably the most famous and most studied building on Earth. • Buildings built even now borrow some parts of the Doric order.
Ionic • Famous for its scrolls on either side • Taller than Doric columns with skinnier shafts • Large bases • More fancy than Doric • Found in churches and many special buildings still today
Corinthian • Very fancy! • Sometimes has flowers or scrolls in the capital • Has a skinny shaft and large base • The roof of a Corinthian column is flat, unlike Doric and Ionic
Columns… Today?Find That Column! CORINTHIAN!
Columns… Today?Find That Column! IONIC! DORIC!
What else? • So the Greeks invented democracy and columns. What else did they do? It is happening this summer in London and it happened 4 years ago in Beijing… Hint please!
The Olympics! • The Greeks invented the Olympic games. • The first recorded games were played in 776 BC (that’s almost 3,000 years ago!) • They went on until 393 AD (1,000 years later) • Sports were foot races, boxing, chariot races and jumping. • The games were a time of peace, even during war a truce would be called so all City-States could participate.
Now what? • We’re going to have our own academic Olympics! • Get ready to work as a team to answer the questions.
Closing Ceremonies Corinth Sparta Athens Argos