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The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that almost half of all adults worldwide will experience a headache in any given year. A headache can be a sign of stress or emotional distress, or it can result from a medical disorder, such as migraine or high blood pressure, anxiety, or depression. It can lead to other problems. People with chronic migraine headaches, for example, may find it hard to attend work or school regularly.

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Headache Causes/symptoms & its Treatment

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headache pain

Headache pain

By Must4care

introduction of headache
Introduction of Headache
  • Headache is the symptom of pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck. It occurs in migraines (sharp, or throbbing pains), tension-type headaches, and cluster headaches. Frequent headaches can affect relationships and employment. There is also an increased risk of depression in those with severe headaches.
  • Headaches can occur as a result of many conditions whether serious or not. There are a number of different classification systems for headaches. The most well-recognized is that of the international headache society. 
  • Causes of headaches may include fatigue, sleep deprivation, stress, the effects of medications, the effects of recreational drugs, viral infections, loud noises, common colds, head injury, rapid ingestion of a very cold food or beverage, and dental or sinus issues.
  • Must4care brings treatment of a headache depends on the underlying cause, but commonly involves pain medication. A headache is one of the most commonly experienced of all physical discomforts.
causes of headache
Causes of Headache
  • There are Two types of Causes of Headache
    • Primary Headache
    • Secondary Headache
primary headache
Primary Headache
  • Primary headaches are stand-alone illnesses caused directly by the over activity of, or problems with, structures in the head that are pain-sensitive.
  • This includes the blood vessels, muscles, and nerves of the head and neck. They may also result from changes in chemical activity in the brain.
  • Common primary headaches include migraines, cluster headaches, and tension headaches.
tension headaches
Tension Headaches
  • Tension headaches are the most common form of primary headache. Such headaches normally begin slowly and gradually in the middle of the day.

The person can feel:

    • As if they have a tight band around the head
    • A constant, dull ache on both sides
    • Pain spread to or from the neck
  • Tension-type headaches can be either episodic or chronic. Episodic attacks are usually a few hours in duration, but it can last for several days. Chronic headaches occur for 15 or more days a month for a period of at least 3 months.
  • A migraine headache may cause a pulsating, throbbing pain usually only on one side of the head. The aching may be accompanied by:
    • Blurred vision
    • Light-headedness
    • Nausea
    • Sensory disturbances known as auras
  • Migraine is the second most common form of primary headache and can have a significant impact on the life of an individual. According to the WHO, migraine is the sixth highest cause of days lost due to disability worldwide. A migraine can last from a few hours to between 2 and 3 days.
cluster headaches
Cluster Headaches
  • Cluster headaches usually last between 15 minutes and 3 hours, and they occur suddenly once per day up to eight times per day for a period of weeks to months. In between clusters, there may be no headache symptoms, and this headache-free period can last months to years.
    • The pain caused by cluster headaches is:
    • One-sided
    • Severe
    • Often described as sharp or burning
    • Typically located in or around one eye
  • The affected area may become red and swollen, the eyelid may droop, and the nasal passage on the affected side may become stuffy and runny.
diagnosis of headache
Diagnosis of Headache
  • A doctor will usually be able to diagnose a particular type of headache through a description of the condition, the type of pain, and the timing and pattern of attacks. If the nature of the headache appears to be complex, tests may be carried out to eliminate more serious causes.

Further testing could include:

    • Blood tests
    • X-rays
    • Brain scans, such as CT and MRI
secondary headaches
Secondary Headaches
  • Secondary Headaches Are Symptoms That Happen When Another Condition Stimulates The Pain-sensitive Nerves Of The Head. In Other Words, The Headache Symptoms Can Be Attributed To Another Cause. A Wide Range Of Different Factors Can Cause Secondary Headaches.
    • Alcohol-induced Hangover
    • Brain Tumor
    • Blood Clots
    • Bleeding In Or Around The Brain
    • Brain Freeze, Or Ice-cream Headaches
    • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
    • Concussion
    • Dehydration
    • Glaucoma
    • Teeth-grinding At Night
    • Influenza
    • Overuse Of Pain Medication, Known As Rebound Headaches
    • Panic Attacks
    • Stroke
treatment remedies
  • The most common ways of treating headaches are rest and pain relief medication.
  • Generic pain relief medication is available over the counter (OTC), or doctors can prescribe preventative medication, such as tricyclic antidepressants, serotonin receptor agonists, anti-epileptic drugs, and beta-blockers.
  • It is important to follow the doctor's advice because overusing pain relief medication can lead to rebound headaches. The treatment of rebound headaches involves the reducing or stopping pain relief medication. In extreme cases, a short hospital stay may be needed to manage withdrawal safely and effectively.
alternative treatments remedies
Alternative Treatments/Remedies
  • Several alternative forms of treatment for headaches are available, but it is important to consult a doctor before making any major changes or beginning any alternative forms of treatment.

Alternative approaches include:

    • acupuncture
    • cognitive behavior therapy
    • herbal and nutritional health products
    • hypnosis
    • meditation
for more information please visit
For More Information Please Visit