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Polio Katie ZhaoEvana WangJordan Pelliciotta
What is Polio? • Viral disease • Affects nerves • Can lead to paralysis • Has been around since mankind • Oldest record in Egyptian carving (1300 BC) • Signs include trouble moving and stiff muscles • Three types of poliovirus (Coccus shaped)
What is the history of this disease? • Started in Egypt • Caused by virus entering central nervous system • Plagued humans for thousands of years • Relatively uncommon until 1800s • Western hemisphere eliminated polio in1994 • Circulates in Afghanistan, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan
What kinds of symptoms appear? • About 95% of victims have no symptoms • Symptoms appear from 4-35 days • Fever • Sore throat • Stiff muscles • Abdominal pain • Paralysis (Less than 1%) • Night virus
What are scientists finding about Polio? • Can be prevented by existing vaccines • Extending research helps eradicate cases • Countries with poor sanitation have more cases • Most cases start in Nigeria and spread outwards • Americans receive vaccine four times before elementary school
How does Polio spread? • Direct person-to-person contact • Contact with infected mucus phlegm from the nose or mouth • Contact with infected feces (fecal oral contamination) • The virus multiplies throat and intestinal tract • Spread through the blood and lymph system • Extremely contagious • Mainly affects children under 5
How do you treat Polio? • Moist heat (heating pads/warm towels) reduces muscle pain/spasms • Painkillers for headaches, muscle pain, and spasms • Physical therapy for recovery/rebuilding of muscles • Leg braces, corrective shoes, iron lung • Disability more common than death • Complete recovery, unless brain/spinal cord affected • Moderate exercise and a nutritious diet
What resources did you use?(Works Cited) "CDC Global Health - Polio." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. N.p., 1 Feb. 2013. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. <http://www.cdc.gov/polio/>. Crommie, William. "Modus Operandi of Polio Virus Revealed." Home - Harvard Public Affairs & Communications. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/2000/01.27/polio_story.html>. Draper, Allison Stark. Polio. New York: Rosen, 2001. Print. "Polio - MayoClinic.com." Mayo Clinic. N.p., 5 Mar. 2009. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. <http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/polio/DS00572>. "Polio Research Gives New Insight." Science Daily. N.p., 24 June 2010. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/06/100623190726.htm>. "Polio Symptoms." Polio Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http://polio.emedtv.com/polio/polio-symptoms.html>. "Polio â€” Timelines â€” History of Vaccines." History of Vaccines â€” A Vaccine History Project of The College of Physicians of Philadelphia. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http://www.historyofvaccines.org/content/timelines/polio>. "Poliomyelitis." World Health Organization. WHO, n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. <www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs114/en/>. "Poliomyelitis - PubMed Health." National Center for Biotechnology Information. ADAM, 15 Aug. 2012. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002375/>. Racaniello, Vincent. "Poliovirus vaccine, SV40, and human cancer." virology blog â€” About viruses and viral disease. N.p., 13 Apr. 2010. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http://www.virology.ws/2010/04/13/poliovirus-vaccine-sv40-and-human-cancer/>. MLA formatting by BibMe.org.