ENGLISH IIDECEMBER 7TH Before we continue to study Antigone, let’s briefly discuss how to use context clues in sentences to find out the meaning of words. We’ll practice fining the meaning of vocabulary words on a paper titled “Using Context Clues.”
CONTEXT CLUES AND LITERAL MEANING • Learning how to guess words you don't know is an important skill. Nobody wants to look every word up in a dictionary! If you learn how to guess the unfamiliar words in sentences, then you won't have to read with your dictionary open all the time! • Context clues = hints in the sentence that help you figure out what the word probably means. • By using context clues, you can guess the likely meaning of many unfamiliar words.
HOW TO GUESS WORDS IN CONTEXT The snake slithered through the grass. He was hunting. You must discover what slithered means by using logic. Here are your choices, and the analysis: • A) dancedINCORRECT: the sentence above says that he was hunting. Dancing and hunting are not associated with one another, so logic tells you this is probably wrong. • B) slept in the grass INCORRECT: the sentence above says “through” which implies movement. Also, snakes don't sleep when they hunt. • C) ate something INCORRECT: the sentence above says he is hunting. Snakes don't eat when they are hunting. They eat AFTER they hunt. • D) moved or traveledCORRECT ANSWER: the sentence above says THROUGH the grass. 'Through' means that there is movement.
GUESS THE MEANING… On the piece of paper titled “Using Context Clues,” write down your choices for the following six questions. Let’s do the first two together: 1) The tiger's roar could be heard in villages far away. What does roar probably mean? A) food B) a dream C) a ear D) a sound
GUESS THE MEANING… 2) The thought of eating a rat is abhorrent to most people. • What does abhorrent probably mean? A) fun, lively B) horrible, disgustingC) interesting, intriguingD) sweet, sugary Your choice? The reason why that makes the most sense?
GUESS THE MEANING… 3) You can trust the salesmen at that store because they always conduct business in an aboveboard manner. • What does aboveboard probably mean? A) honestly, openly B) sneaky, dishonest C) businesslike, friendlyD) strange, unusual Your choice? The reason why that makes the most sense?
GUESS THE MEANING… 4) Petra has so many friends because she is a gregarious person. • What does gregarious probably mean? A) clever, intelligentB) busy, activeC) friendly, outgoing D) rude, hostile Your choice? The reason why that makes the most sense?
GUESS THE MEANING… 5) I can't believe it! Right in the middle of our conversation, Peter turned around abruptly and walked out of the room! • What does abruptly probably mean? A) formally, seriously B) casually, carelesslyC) suddenly, without notice D) quietly, in an unusual manner Your choice? The reason why that makes the most sense?
GUESS THE MEANING… 6) When Sara was sick, her voice was practically inaudible so she had to write her thoughts on a piece of paper. • Without pre-selected answers, write what you think “inaudible” means.
GUESS THE MEANING… 6) When Sara was sick, her voice was practically inaudible so she had to write her thoughts on a piece of paper. • Now, based on your previous thoughts, choose your answer:A) very commanding, persistentB) very soft, hard to hear C) very unique, uncommon D) very scratchy, unpleasant Your choice? The reason why that makes the most sense?
GUESS THE MEANING… 7) The hill was too arduous for us to climb. We had to walk our bicycles up the hill. • Without seeing choices, write down what you think “arduous” means.
GUESS THE MEANING… 7) The hill was too arduous for us to climb. We had to walk our bicycles up the hill. • Now, use the choices to guess: A) spiky, sharp B) fun, exciting C) long, extendedD) difficult, steep • Your choice? The reason why that makes the most sense?
ANTIGONE STUDY GUIDE Get out your Antigone Study Guide and let’s re-read question # 4. Complete question #4. Make sure you have a strong passage from Antigone as evidence and a very specific scene/event/occurrence from Nectar in a Sieve as evidence.
REMINDERS • Homework: Get together all semester notes. Due Monday before the bell rings. • Reminder: Bring your parents to the parent meeting on Tuesday, Dec. 11th at 6 in my classroom if you’d like to go on the trip to Paris, London, Dublin (also, bring a friend who you’d like to travel with you… and if possible, have your friend bring his/her parent!)
STANDARDS Reading 3.2 Compare and contrast the presentation of a similar theme or topic across genres to explain how the selection of genre shapes the theme or topic.
ANTIGONE • Get out Antigone and turn to where we left off in Scene 4.