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Poetry Analysis Using TPCASTT. English Mrs. Ramos. What is Poetry?. Type of rhythmic , compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery to appeal to the reader ’ s emotions and imagination It is often has a “ musical ” quality.

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Poetry analysis using tpcastt

Poetry Analysis Using TPCASTT


Mrs. Ramos

What is poetry
What is Poetry?

  • Type of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery to appeal to the reader’s emotions and imagination

  • It is often has a “musical” quality.

Make a chart like this in your journal leave a big space for c
Make a chart like this in your journal (leave a big space for “C”)

T is for title
T is for TITLE

  • Analyze the title first.

  • What do you predict this poem will be about?

  • Write down your predictions.

  • We will reflect on the title again after we have read the poem.

  • The next step is often omitted, but it is the most important!!!!

Read the poem

P is for paraphrase

  • Paraphrasing is putting something in your own words.

  • After reading the poem, rewrite it in your own words.

  • This may be three sentences or a page, depending on the particular poem.

C is for connotation

Analyze the figures of speech and sound effects of the poem.

These are the poetry vocabulary we will now review.

These elements add to the meaning.










implied metaphor



direct metaphor

Figures of speech aka figurative language
Figures of Speech (aka Figurative Language)

  • Diction-Word Choice

  • Imagery-Description that makes an object or experience so real you can imagine it with your senses (sight, smell, taste, touch, hearing)

Poetry analysis using tpcastt

  • Simile-comparison between unrelated things that DOES use like or as.

  • Ex. She walked like a snail.

Poetry analysis using tpcastt

  • Person like or as)ification-a figure of speech where human characteristics are given to a nonliving object/thing

  • Symbolism-anything that stand for or represents something else

Poetry analysis using tpcastt

  • Paradox-statement that seems contradictory or absurd but that expresses the truth

  • Wise fool

  • Bittersweet

  • "I can resist anything but temptation."-Oscar Wilde

Poetry analysis using tpcastt

  • Yikes! Paradox and Oxymoron sound the same.

  • They are VERY similar.

  • Paradox is more about a truth as Oxymoron is just opposites put together.

Yes there s more
Yes, there contradictory ideas’s more!

  • Allusion- A brief, usually indirect reference to a person, place, or event--real or fictional.

  • "I violated the Noah rule: predicting rain doesn't count; building arks does."(Warren Buffett)

  • "I was not born in a manger. I was actually born on Krypton and sent here by my father, Jor-el, to save the Planet Earth."(Senator Barack Obama, speech at a fund-raiser for Catholic charities, October 16, 2008)

Poetry analysis using tpcastt

  • Onomatopoeia-sound words that imitate real sounds

Poetry analysis using tpcastt

  • Consonance-repetition of identical consonant sounds that are preceded by different vowels

  • Don’t eat in that tent

Last one for c
Last one for twisters)“C”

  • Rhyme-repetition of word ending sounds

  • Rhyme Scheme-The pattern of rhyme in a stanza of poetry

    There once was a big brown cat      a That liked to eat a lot of mice.        bHe got all round and fat                  a Because they tasted so nice.            b

A is for attitude
A is for ATTITUDE twisters)

  • Tone is the attitude of the speaker toward the subject of the poem.

S is for shift
S is for SHIFT twisters)

  • If there is a change in…

    • Time

    • Tone

    • Speaker

      This should always be noted as this will also affect the meaning.

T is for title again
T is for TITLE (again) twisters)

  • At this time, you should reconsider the title.

  • Were you right in your predictions?

  • What other meanings might the title have in light of your analysis?

  • Next, the biggie….

T is for theme
T is for THEME twisters)

  • As you already know, theme is the general insight into life conveyed by the author through his/her work.

  • It does not make a judgment.

    example: “Don’t do drugs” is not a theme.

  • It merely states something that is true to life and the human condition.

How do i find the theme
How do I find the twisters)THEME?

  • Look at the other parts of TPCASTT.

  • What insight are all of these working together to convey?

  • What is the poet trying to say about life?

  • What is the BIG idea?