METAPHOR. LITB4 AQA Critical Anthology pp.8-10; 13-14. What is a metaphor?. ‘…us[ing] language to refer to something other than what it was originally applied to, or what it ‘literally’ means, in order to suggest some resemblance, or make a connection between two things.’.
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LITB4 AQA Critical Anthology
‘…us[ing] language to refer to something other than what it was originally applied to, or what it ‘literally’ means, in order to suggest some resemblance, or make a connection between two things.’
Conventional metaphors are all the metaphors that we use, every day, without even realising.
‘I can’t digest this much information.’
‘I’m a night owl.’
‘I’ve got a pile of marking to plough through before I leave.’
‘Oh stop fishing for compliments and go home.’
‘Would you like a hand carrying that enormous pile of exercise books?’
‘House prices are on the rise.’
‘My income has gone down.’
‘Unemployment is up on this time last year.’
‘Exports are down.’
‘The number of homeless people is currently at an all-time high.’
The baby arrived at 6 o’clock this morning!
I don’t know where I’m heading. My life has no direction at the moment.
You can’t just go through life with your eyes closed!
I set out to be a doctor, but I liked English so much that I became an English teacher!
After university I was at a crossroads, and I didn’t know which way to go.
You have to move on and forget about what has happened.
His life took an unexpected direction after he met her.
My father passed away last night. He went in his sleep.
"There are other languages in which MORE IS UP and LESS IS DOWN, but none in which the reverse is true, where MORE IS DOWN and LESS IS UP. Why not? Contemporary theory postulates that the MORE IS UP metaphor is grounded in experience--in the common experiences of pouring more fluid into a container and seeing the level go up, or adding more things to a pile and seeing the pile get higher. These are thoroughly pervasive experiences; we encounter them every day in our lives."(George Lakoff, "The Contemporary Theory of Metaphor," Metaphor and Thought, ed. by A. Ortony. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1993)