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FORGOTTEN FILM FROM BEGINNINGS TO “TALKIES”. UNIT 2. THIS IS CINEMA! LESSON 2. SILENT FILMS. SILENT FILMS. What are silent films? We call silent film all those films made between the birth of cinema and 1927.

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Forgotten film from beginnings to talkies

FORGOTTEN FILMFROM BEGINNINGS TO “TALKIES”

UNIT 2. THIS IS CINEMA!

LESSON 2. SILENT FILMS


Silent films
SILENT FILMS

What are silent films?

  • We call silent film all those films made between the birth of cinema and 1927.

  • A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound, with the recorded image.


Silent films1
SILENT FILMS

  • Despite many attempts to synchronize sound and image, it was not possible until 1927.

  • From the start, film techniques were a challenge and many filmmakers developed what not many years before the Lumière brothers had started.


Silent films broken blossoms d w griffith 1919
SILENT FILMSBROKEN BLOSSOMS. D. W. GRIFFITH 1919

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D9853ozGcsY


Silent films2
SILENT FILMS

Why do silent films need a greater emphasis on body language and facial expression?

So that the audience can better understand what actors feel and what they want to express on screen.



Silent films3
SILENT FILMS

?

Overacting:

Is the exaggeration  of gestures and speech when acting.

It may be unintentional, particularly in the case of a bad actor, or be required for the role.

In silent cinema it was necessary.


Silent films4
SILENT FILMS

Why was music an essential part of any film?

Because it gave the audience

emotional cues for the action

taking place on the screen.


Silent films5
SILENT FILMS

INTERTITLES/

TITLE CARDS


Silent films6
SILENT FILMS

What were intertitles for?

They were really important in silent films when films became longer and had more detail.

They were necessary to understand dialogues and the story.


Silent films7
SILENT FILMS

Gradually:

- Silent films became longer.

- The narrative or storytelling became more complex.


Silent films8
SILENT FILMS

By the 1920s, the U.S. produced an average of 800  films annually.

Among these films there were drama adventures, and romances, but comedy was the most successful.


Silent films comic films
SILENT FILMS : COMIC FILMS

Comic films began to appear during the “silent era”, roughly 1895 to 1930.

The visual humourof many of these silent films is based on slapstick.

?

?

?

It is when particular experiences provoke laughter and provide amusement, fun or entertainment.


Silent films9
SILENT FILMS

  • Silent comedy emphasizes visual and physical humor, and what are known as “sight gags“ and “slapstick”.

It is a type of physical comedy characterized by humour, absurd situations and usually violent action.

Examples of slapstick

Someone slipping on a banana skin, being soaked in water, wild chase scenes with trains and cars, or throwing pies at someone’s face....


Silent films10
SILENT FILMS

In comedy there were actors of outstanding talent and different styles.

Max Linder (F)

Charles Chaplin (UK)

Harold Lloyd (UE)

Buster Keaton (UE)

Stan Laurel & Oliver Hardy (UE)

They had great success throughout the world.


Forgotten film from beginnings to talkies

SILENT FILMSCharlie Chaplin

Charles Chaplin.

London 1889 - Switzerland 1977

He used mime, he was an actor, a filmmaker, a composer and a songwriter.

Chaplin was one of the most creative and influential personalities of the silent-film era.


Silent films charlie chaplin
SILENT FILMSCharlie Chaplin

He was influenced by his predecessor, the French silent movie comedian Max Linder, to whom he dedicated one of his films.

Chaplin directed and edited his own films and he had a strong affinity for sentimentality.

He could make audiences feel and think, as well as laugh. He combined comedy and drama.


Silent films charlie chaplin1
SILENT FILMSCharlie Chaplin

Chaplin quickly became the most popular star when he created his “Little Tramp” character.

The physical attributes of the Tramp which include a pair of baggy pants, a tight coat, a small derby hat, a large pair of shoes, a cane and the famous small mustache.

In most European countries he was known as “Charlot”.


Silent films charlie chaplin2
SILENT FILMSCharlie Chaplin

  • The Rink 1916

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5xBXYn-jjzE2’56’’

  • The fireman 1916.

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eosak_0rRfc10’15’’

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LS52AeRKHYo&feature=related10’15’’

  • The cure 1917

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kRHGd7P4oGI8’33’’

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a9kVXwAD0So&feature=related9’21’’

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2VJjbs0CVw&feature=related5’55’’

    The circus 1928. Part 10’14

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KjGXaA9xGAY&feature=related

    TheGold Rush 1925

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mtZTIwSIuGw13’47’’

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XZGHR7J1lUQ3’53’’

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=faS7YLWSEVM1’31’’


Silent films harrold lloyd
SILENT FILMSHarrold Lloyd

Harold Lloyd

UE 1893-1971

Lloyd made nearly 200 comedy films, both silent and “talkies", between 1914 and 1947.

His films frequently contained "thrill sequences" of extended chase scenes.


Silent films harrold lloyd1
SILENT FILMSHarrold Lloyd

He is best known for his optimism and the character he created: the “Glasses Character” that represented the ordinary guy up on the screen, a guy with faults and fears, “the boy next door”.

Safety last 1923. 7’35’’

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QEcTjhUN_7U

Bunch of scenes from different films 4’05’’

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zkryy5eru6k&feature=fvst


Silent films buster keaton
SILENT FILMSBuster Keaton

Buster Keaton

UE 1895-1966

He is considered one of the greatest actor-directors in the history of film.

He had great success although sometimes he was misunderstood by the audience. He is more suited to modern audiences.


Silent films buster keaton1
SILENT FILMSBuster Keaton

He createdhischaracter as himself: he had a beatutifuldeadpanface, witheloquentlargedeepeyes. Hisnicknamewas“The Great Stone Face”

Batlling Butler 1926. 5’02’’

http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=buster+keaton+boxing&aq=f

Secenefrom “The general” 1926. 3’25’’

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n3xh108cLbo

Scenefrom “Thecollege” 1927. 3’48’’

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=48-WV9jJEwY


The setting where does the scene take place
THE SETTINGWhere does the scene take place?


The setting where does the scene take place1
THE SETTING Where does the scene take place?

FOREGROUND


The setting where does the scene take place2
THE SETTINGWhere does the scene take place?

BACKGROUND


The setting where does the scene take place3
THE SETTINGWhere does the scene take place?

IN THE TOP LEFT- HAND CORNER

AT THE TOP

IN THE MIDDLE

IN THE TOP

RIGHT- HAND CORNER

JUST HIGHER THAN THE MIDDLE

ON THE LEFT

RIGHT IN

THE MIDDLE

ON THE RIGHT

COMING FROM THE BACKGROUND TO THE FOREGROUND

IN THE BOTTOM LEFT- HAND CORNER

IN THE BOTTOM RIGHT- HAND CORNER

AT THE BOTTOM

IN THE MIDDLE


Silent films laurel hardy uk 1890 1965 ue 1892 1957
SILENT FILMSLaurel & Hardy (UK 1890 – 1965) (UE 1892 – 1957)

  They were one of the most popular comedy teams in the early Classical Hollywood  era of American cinema, composed of thin Stan and heavy Oliver.

They became well known during the late 1920s to the mid-1940s.

The team also appeared on stage throughout America and Europe. In Spain they were known as “el gordo y el flaco”.

...


Silent films laurel hardy uk 1890 1965 ue 1892 19571
SILENT FILMSLaurel & Hardy (UK 1890 – 1965) (UE 1892 – 1957)

Their performances reminded the audience of traditional clowns and they were the best representatives of slapstick humour.

The music box 1932. 27’51’’

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=94nxnNdJzQI

TheDevil’sbrother 1933

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DiFEFL6ThRI1’46’’

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0yoPb-amgbs&feature=related9’09’’

Hollywood party 1936. 8’55’’http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g3cvUuRQtSc

Busybodies 1933.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vvn1NValjWA&feature=related8’30’’

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DZ8D-bnwBK06’6’’Coloured

Stan Laurel & Oliver Hardy


Silent films murnau nosferatu 1922
SILENT FILMSMurnau. Nosferatu. 1922

NOSFERATU. Murnau http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=patgT_qG65U


Silent films murnau nosferatu
SILENT FILMSMurnau. Nosferatu.

Which is the main difference between

Laurel & Hardy’s films and

Murnau’s film?

The genre

?

?


Silent films murnau nosferatu1
SILENT FILMSMurnau. Nosferatu.

In film theory, genre  is based on similarities in the narrative elements from which films are constructed.

Synonymous:

category, class, group, kind,

style, type...


Silent films murnau nosferatu2
SILENT FILMSMurnau. Nosferatu.

There is a basic distinction in genre between 

fiction and documentary


Silent films murnau nosferatu3
SILENT FILMSMurnau. Nosferatu.

FICTION

HORROR

ADVETURE

Film genres can be

categorized in several ways:

ACTION

HISTORICAL

MUSICAL

COMEDY

ROMANCE

WESTERN

Genre

SCIENCE FICTION

THRILLER

DRAMA

HORROR

BIOPICS

FANTASY


Silent films metropolis fritz lang 1927
SILENT FILMSMetropolis. Fritz Lang.1927

Metropolis. 1927

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5PAdQ5anhZE&feature=related4’28’’


Metropolis 1927 fritz lang
METROPOLIS 1927 FRITZ LANG


Silent films metropolis fritz lang 19271

SILENT FILM

SCIENCE FICTION

COMEDY

INTERTITLES

BLACK & WHITE

SLAPSTIC

EMPHASIS ON BODY LANGUAGE

EXPRESSIONISM

POLITICAL IDEOLOGY

EMPHASIS ON FACIAL EXPRESSION

SILENT FILMSMetropolis. Fritz Lang.1927


Silent films metropolis fritz lang 19272
SILENT FILMSMetropolis. Fritz Lang.1927

Frankenstein

James Whale 1931

Young Frankenstein

Mel Brooks 1974


Silent films metropolis fritz lang 19273
SILENT FILMSMetropolis. Fritz Lang.1927

C3P0

Star Wars

George Lucas 1977

One of the most recognized robots (droids) in the film industry.


Silent films metropolis fritz lang 19274
SILENT FILMSMetropolis. Fritz Lang.1927

Back to the future

Robert Zemeckis 1985


Silent films metropolis fritz lang 19275
SILENT FILMSMetropolis. Fritz Lang.1927

Queen

Radio Ga Ga 1984

Back to the future

Robert Zemeckis 1985


Silent films metropolis fritz lang 19276

Underground. Air-rair shelter Madrid 1938.

SILENT FILMSMetropolis. Fritz Lang.1927

Internment camps / concentration camps. Germany 1944.

Internment camps / concentration camps. Spain 1939.


Silent films metropolis fritz lang 19277
SILENT FILMSMetropolis. Fritz Lang.1927

Sydney

XXI Century

Kuala Lumpur XXI Century


Silent films metropolis fritz lang 19278
SILENT FILMSMetropolis. Fritz Lang.1927

New York

Petronas Towers

Kuala Lumpur 1998


Silent films metropolis fritz lang 19279
SILENT FILMSMetropolis. Fritz Lang.1927

Fritz Lang was ahead of his time

His film shows inventions such as,

robots (droids), television,

trains on elevated tracks,

urban motorways, impressive skyscrapers…


Silent films metropolis fritz lang 192710
SILENT FILMSMetropolis. Fritz Lang.1927

luxury

poor

skyscrapers

oppressed

rich

Enslaved /slave class

wealthy

nameless

futurism

underground life

elite

exploited

privileged

industrialists

Art Déco


Silent films metropolis fritz lang 192711
SILENT FILMSMetropolis. Fritz Lang.1927

  • The film exhibits the influence of historical events occurring during its time.

    • A time of economic misery and the rise of fascism in a pre-Hitler Weimar Republic Germany following the First World War.

    • The rise of the American labor movement and unions during the 1920s due to oppressive working conditions.


Silent films metropolis fritz lang 192712
SILENT FILMSMetropolis. Fritz Lang.1927

  • The rise of immigration into the US and exploitation of workers.

  • It also reflects the ongoing modern science.

  • The 1917 communist revolution in the Soviet Union.

  • The contrast of poverty with the upper classes of the Roaring 20s.

  • The class struggle.

Adapted from:http://www.filmsite.org/metr.html


Silent films metropolis fritz lang 192713
SILENT FILMSMetropolis. Fritz Lang.1927

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7j8Ba9rWhUg&feature=related2’38”

Queen. Radio Gaga 1984

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GEI4U5KyAS0

Bibliography

http://www.filmsite.org/metr.html

http://home.comcast.net/~flickhead/Metropolis.html