FORGOTTEN FILM FROM BEGINNINGS TO “TALKIES”. UNIT 2. THIS IS CINEMA! LESSON 2. SILENT FILMS. SILENT FILMS. What are silent films? We call silent film all those films made between the birth of cinema and 1927.
UNIT 2. THIS IS CINEMA!
LESSON 2. SILENT FILMS
What are silent films?
Why do silent films need a greater emphasis on body language and facial expression?
So that the audience can better understand what actors feel and what they want to express on screen.
Is the exaggeration of gestures and speech when acting.
It may be unintentional, particularly in the case of a bad actor, or be required for the role.
In silent cinema it was necessary.
Why was music an essential part of any film?
Because it gave the audience
emotional cues for the action
taking place on the screen.
What were intertitles for?
They were really important in silent films when films became longer and had more detail.
They were necessary to understand dialogues and the story.
- Silent films became longer.
- The narrative or storytelling became more complex.
By the 1920s, the U.S. produced an average of 800 films annually.
Among these films there were drama adventures, and romances, but comedy was the most successful.
Comic films began to appear during the “silent era”, roughly 1895 to 1930.
The visual humourof many of these silent films is based on slapstick.
It is when particular experiences provoke laughter and provide amusement, fun or entertainment.
It is a type of physical comedy characterized by humour, absurd situations and usually violent action.
Examples of slapstick
Someone slipping on a banana skin, being soaked in water, wild chase scenes with trains and cars, or throwing pies at someone’s face....
In comedy there were actors of outstanding talent and different styles.
Max Linder (F)
Charles Chaplin (UK)
Harold Lloyd (UE)
Buster Keaton (UE)
Stan Laurel & Oliver Hardy (UE)
They had great success throughout the world.
SILENT FILMSCharlie Chaplin
London 1889 - Switzerland 1977
He used mime, he was an actor, a filmmaker, a composer and a songwriter.
Chaplin was one of the most creative and influential personalities of the silent-film era.
He was influenced by his predecessor, the French silent movie comedian Max Linder, to whom he dedicated one of his films.
Chaplin directed and edited his own films and he had a strong affinity for sentimentality.
He could make audiences feel and think, as well as laugh. He combined comedy and drama.
Chaplin quickly became the most popular star when he created his “Little Tramp” character.
The physical attributes of the Tramp which include a pair of baggy pants, a tight coat, a small derby hat, a large pair of shoes, a cane and the famous small mustache.
In most European countries he was known as “Charlot”.
The circus 1928. Part 10’14
TheGold Rush 1925
Lloyd made nearly 200 comedy films, both silent and “talkies", between 1914 and 1947.
His films frequently contained "thrill sequences" of extended chase scenes.
He is best known for his optimism and the character he created: the “Glasses Character” that represented the ordinary guy up on the screen, a guy with faults and fears, “the boy next door”.
Safety last 1923. 7’35’’
Bunch of scenes from different films 4’05’’
He is considered one of the greatest actor-directors in the history of film.
He had great success although sometimes he was misunderstood by the audience. He is more suited to modern audiences.
He createdhischaracter as himself: he had a beatutifuldeadpanface, witheloquentlargedeepeyes. Hisnicknamewas“The Great Stone Face”
Batlling Butler 1926. 5’02’’
Secenefrom “The general” 1926. 3’25’’
Scenefrom “Thecollege” 1927. 3’48’’
IN THE TOP LEFT- HAND CORNER
AT THE TOP
IN THE MIDDLE
IN THE TOP
RIGHT- HAND CORNER
JUST HIGHER THAN THE MIDDLE
ON THE LEFT
ON THE RIGHT
COMING FROM THE BACKGROUND TO THE FOREGROUND
IN THE BOTTOM LEFT- HAND CORNER
IN THE BOTTOM RIGHT- HAND CORNER
AT THE BOTTOM
IN THE MIDDLE
They were one of the most popular comedy teams in the early Classical Hollywood era of American cinema, composed of thin Stan and heavy Oliver.
They became well known during the late 1920s to the mid-1940s.
The team also appeared on stage throughout America and Europe. In Spain they were known as “el gordo y el flaco”.
Their performances reminded the audience of traditional clowns and they were the best representatives of slapstick humour.
The music box 1932. 27’51’’
Hollywood party 1936. 8’55’’http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g3cvUuRQtSc
Stan Laurel & Oliver Hardy
NOSFERATU. Murnau http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=patgT_qG65U
Which is the main difference between
Laurel & Hardy’s films and
In film theory, genre is based on similarities in the narrative elements from which films are constructed.
category, class, group, kind,
There is a basic distinction in genre between
fiction and documentary
Film genres can be
categorized in several ways:
BLACK & WHITE
EMPHASIS ON BODY LANGUAGE
EMPHASIS ON FACIAL EXPRESSIONSILENT FILMSMetropolis. Fritz Lang.1927
James Whale 1931
Mel Brooks 1974
George Lucas 1977
One of the most recognized robots (droids) in the film industry.
Back to the future
Robert Zemeckis 1985
Radio Ga Ga 1984
Back to the future
Robert Zemeckis 1985
Internment camps / concentration camps. Germany 1944.
Internment camps / concentration camps. Spain 1939.
Kuala Lumpur XXI Century
Kuala Lumpur 1998
Fritz Lang was ahead of his time
His film shows inventions such as,
robots (droids), television,
trains on elevated tracks,
urban motorways, impressive skyscrapers…
Enslaved /slave class
Queen. Radio Gaga 1984