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Developing the Tourism Satellite Accounts (TSA): The Philippine Experience by Romulo A. Virola , Regina S. Reyes, Florande S. Polistico, Rolando Ca ñ izal & Milagros Y. Say Presented by Romulo A. Virola Secretary General National Statistical Coordination Board

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    1. Developing the Tourism Satellite Accounts (TSA): The Philippine Experience by Romulo A. Virola, Regina S. Reyes, Florande S. Polistico, Rolando Cañizal & Milagros Y. Say Presented by Romulo A. Virola Secretary General National Statistical Coordination Board Technical Workshop on Tourism Statistics and Tourism Satellite Accounts 21-22 October 2008, Cebu, Philippines

    2. Outline of Presentation • Introduction • The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features • Present Status of the Philippine TSA • Some Recent Results • Challenges and Future Direction

    3. I. Introduction Importance & Trends of Tourism: Globally Economic contribution of Tourism can help in • Achieving the Millennium Development Goals • Specifically, in poverty reduction Tourism can contribute towards a better understanding and appreciation of the differences and similarities of our various cultures – towards world peace

    4. I. Introduction Importance & Trends of Tourism: Globally Tourism has benefited from the fast paced globalization. UNWTO says • International travelers have been growing for the past four years at an average of more than 5% annually • In a decade, it grew by 292 million, reaching 903 million travelers by the end of 2007

    5. I. Introduction Importance & Trends of Tourism: Globally Tourism has benefited from the fast paced globalization. UNWTO says • For the 4-year period from 2003-2007, tourist receipts grew at an average of more than 6% annually • UNWTO's Tourism 2020 Vision forecasts that international arrivals will reach nearly 1.6 billion by the year 2020

    6. I. Introduction Importance & Trends of Tourism: Locally Philippine tourism – “beyond the usual” • The Medium Term Philippine Development Plan considers tourism as a key sector for development in 2004-2010 • Tourism receipts to GDP ratio grew from 1.9% in 2003 to 3.4% in 2007 • Tourism receipts to Total Exports ratio more than doubled from 3.9% in 2003 to 7.9% in 2007 Source: DOT & NSCB

    7. I. Introduction Importance & Trends of Tourism: Locally Philippine tourism – “beyond the usual” • Tourist arrivals - annual growthof 13%during the last 4 years, 10% during the last 5 and 3% during the last 10, reaching 3.09 million tourists by the end of 2007 • Tourists’ expenditure in US $- grew by 41% in 2006-2007, reaching US$4.9 billion in 2007, annually by 34%during the last 4 years, by 23% during the last 5 and by 6% during the last 10 years. Source: DOT

    8. I. Introduction Importance & Trends of Tourism: Locally Philippine tourism – “beyond the usual” • Domestic visitors counted by the DOT from accommodation establishments - annual growthof 14.7%during the last 4 years, 13.5% during the last 5 and 10.8% during the last 7, reaching 16.8 million domestic visitors by the end of 2007 Source: DOT

    9. I. Introduction Importance & Trends of Tourism: Locally Philippine tourism – “beyond the usual” • Partly because of investments in tourism destinations, construction sectorgrew by • 23.1 % making it a big factor in the record economic growth in 2007 Source: DOT & NSCB

    10. I. Introduction Importance of TSA • Statistics are needed to • inform program & policy decisions • monitor our progress • account for the importance of the various sectors to society • Tourism statistics and tourism accounts are necessary to measure the size and contribution of tourism

    11. I. Introduction Importance of TSA • The TSA as a framework for tourism has been developed by international experts and allows comparability across countries • The TSA is aligned with international macroeconomic frameworks such as the System of National Accounts (SNA) and the Balance of Payments (BOP)

    12. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features • Philippine Statistical System (PSS) • decentralized system composed of: • policy-making and coordinating body • general purpose data generating agency • training and research institution • other data producers and users • academe • statistical organizations at all administrative levels, the personnel therein and the national statistical program

    13. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features • Philippine Statistical System (PSS)

    14. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features • National Statistical Coordination Board • The highest policy-making and coordinating body on statistical matters in the country • Formulates policies all matters relating to government statistical operations • Promotes and maintains an efficient statistical system in the government • Etc.

    15. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features NSCB Statistical Coordination Mechanisms • The Philippine Statistical Development Program (NSDS) – 7th version is for 2005-2010 • System of Designated Statistics • Inter-agency Committees ( 11 IACs, 6 Technical Committees, 2 Task Forces & 26 Technical Working Groups as of Oct. 21, 2008) • Statistical Budget Review Process

    16. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features NSCB Statistical Coordination Mechanisms • Statistical Survey Review & Clearance System (includes administrative records systems) • Statistical Standards & Classification Systems • System of National Accounts • Statistical Advocacy Mechanisms ( National Statistics Month, National Convention on Statistics, Hosting of International Conferences, etc.)

    17. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features NSCB Statistical Coordination Mechanisms • 1. Philippine Statistical Development Program (PSDP) • prepared every six years and the current PSDP covers the period 2005-2010 • serves as a blueprint of priority programs and activities to be undertaken during the program period to improve the generation of sectoral statistics • translates and addresses the data requirements of the Medium Term Philippine Development Plan • Tourism is the 15th Chapter of the PSDP composed of 25 chapters

    18. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features NSCB Statistical Coordination Mechanisms • 1. Philippine Statistical Development Program (PSDP) • In the previous PSDP (1999-2004), Tourism was included in the chapter on Trade and Services • Through the PSDP, activities relevant to the compilation of Philippine TSA were pursued which include: • formulation of standard concepts and definitions on tourism that are consistent with IRTS and TSA: RMF • development of Philippine Tourism Statistical Classification System –NSCB Resolution No. 4 Series of 2005

    19. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features NSCB Statistical Coordination Mechanisms • 1. Philippine Statistical Development Program (PSDP) • Conduct of activities for wider dissemination of tourism statistics • Development of Philippine Tourism Statistics website, DOT & NSCB – 2007 • Annual publication of Compendium of Philippine Tourism Statistics by the DOT • Generation/compilation of new/emerging statistics and indicators • Conduct of Household Survey of Domestic Visitors, DOT & NSO – 2005-2006

    20. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features NSCB Statistical Coordination Mechanisms • 1. Philippine Statistical Development Program (PSDP) • Statistical development programs on the tourism industry that will be pursued under PSDP 2005-2010 include: • Enhancement of current methodologies and collection/processing systems, such as: • Enhancement of PTSA estimates by NSCB, 2005-2010 • Improvement of Arrival/Departure Card by Bureau of Immigration, 2005-2010

    21. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features NSCB Statistical Coordination Mechanisms • 1. Philippine Statistical Development Program (PSDP) • Coordination/advocacy activities on tourism statistics • Strengthen the IACTS, 2005-2010 • Development of GIS-based information materials on tourism statistics, DOT, 2005-2010 • Statistical capacity building program • Training of personnel of DOT regional offices and LGUs - DOT, SRTC, LGUs and academe, 2005-2010

    22. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features NSCB Statistical Coordination Mechanisms • 2. Inter-agency Committee on Tourism Statistics • originally created as Inter-Agency Committee on the Development of a Satellite Account on Tourism (IAC-DSAT) on February 7, 1997 by the NSCB Executive Board • provides direction and addresses concerns on the improvement of tourism statistics and tourism satellite accounts through a well established tourism statistical system

    23. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features NSCB Statistical Coordination Mechanisms • 2. Inter-agency Committee on Tourism Statistics • serves as venue for discussions on statistical issues related to tourism statistics & tourism accounts • composed of representatives from government and non-government organizations involved in production and use of tourism statistics • NSCB and DOT technical staff serve as the Committee Secretariat

    24. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features NSCB Statistical Coordination Mechanisms • 2. Inter-agency Committee on Tourism Statistics Chair: National Statistical Coordination Board Co-Chair: Department of Tourism Members: Asian Institute of Tourism Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas Bureau of Immigration Civil Aeronautics Board Department of Interior and Local Govt. National Economic & Devt. Authority National Statistics Office Private Associations • Hotel and Restaurant Association of the Phil. • Board of Airline Representatives • Philippine Tour Operators Association • Philippine Travel Agencies Association

    25. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features NSCB Statistical Coordination Mechanisms • 3. Statistical Advocacy Mechanisms • The 14th National Statistics Month celebration in 2003 focused on the theme “Sustaining Tourism’s Competitive Edge Through Statistics” & was hosted by the DOT • Conduct of Tourism Sessions in the National Convention on Statistics (NCS) • DOT has sponsored tourism sessions for the past three NCS conducted on 2001, 2004 & 2007. In 2007, 3 papers were presented, namely: • Developing the Survey instruments for the HSDV • Understanding the Visiting Friends/Relatives Travel Market • Sustainability of Tourism Statistics: Issues in Statistics

    26. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features NSCB Statistical Coordination Mechanisms • Examples of Institutional linkages/collaborative efforts • Collaboration between DOT and NSCB on the development of the Compendium of Philippine Tourism Statistics and the Philippine TSA; • Review of design and instruments of tourism surveys through the Statistical Survey Review and Clearance System (SSRCS)

    27. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features NSCB Statistical Coordination Mechanisms • Examples of Institutional linkages/agency collaborative efforts • Collaboration between DOT and NSO on the conduct of the Household Survey of Domestic Visitors (HSDV) • Team up between DOT & the Bureau of Immigration (BI) in the processing of Arrival/Departure (A/D) cards

    28. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features NSCB Statistical Coordination Mechanisms • Institutional linkages/agency collaborative efforts • Sharing of statistical information • Regular release of DOT publications • Monthly web release of arrivals and hotel occupancy data • Quarterly release of Tourism Report • Annual release of Compendium of Philippine Tourism Statistics starting 2004 • Provision of data to NSCB for the compilation of the National Accounts (Exports of services) • Inclusion of tourism indicators in the NSCB publications • Monthly Economic Indicators (EI), Philippine Statistical Yearbook (PSY)

    29. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features Other Institutional Mechanisms • Capacity Building • basic training on collection, generation, compilation and analysis of tourism statistics for national and field personnel of DOT as well as staff of local government units (LGUs) – conducted by Statistical Research and Training Center (SRTC) • Training on Basic Tourism Data Gathering and Reporting System in the provinces of Bohol and Cebu • Developed and published the TOURISM STATISTICS MANUAL for LGUs

    30. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features Other Institutional Mechanisms • Capacity Building • technical assistance from different international organizations, such as: • UNWTO-sponsored Workshop on Indicators of Sustainable Development for Tourism Destinations, Bohol, Philippines • Development of Tourism Statistics System for LGUs sponsored by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

    31. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features Other Institutional Mechanisms • Involvement in International efforts • Actively participated in the workshops and forums for the improvement of tourism statistics and development of TSA • Latest participations include: • Expert Group meeting on Tourism Statistics and provided comments on the IRTS and TSA: RMF • 39th Session of the UN Statistical Commission • NSCB and DOT are currently preparing the country’s response to the questionnaire sent by UNWTO for the publication TSA Data Around the World 2009 – for submission before the end of October 2008

    32. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features Data Support for PTSA Compilation • Visitor Sample Survey (VSS) –monthly by DOT • Arrival/Departure Cards – processed monthly by DOT & BI • Regional Travelers’ Report – annual data on internal tourism from DOT • Establishment Surveys such as Census of Philippine Business and Industry (CPBI) and Quarterly Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (QSPBI) – by NSO

    33. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features Data Support for PTSA Compilation • Meetings, Incentives, Conventions and Exhibitions (MICE) Study –annually by DOT • Input-Output Table – periodically by NSCB, latest are for 1994 & 2000 • National Accounts of the Philippines – quarterly by NSCB • Labor Force Survey –quarterly by NSO • Household Survey of Domestic Visitors (HSDV)- jointly byDOT & NSO, 2005

    34. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features Initiatives towards PTSA developments • PTSA Milestones Activity Period · 1988 The NSCB, thru its Grants - in - Aid statistical development program, provided funds and technical assistance to DOT in the conduct of research study, which aimed to explore contribution of tourism to the economy using the input - output analysi s approach. · 1996 NSCB, DOT and WTTC collaborated to come up with a simulated satellite account on tourism for the Philippines, which showed that travel and tourism accounted for 8.7 percent of the GDP in 1997. The estimation procedure was developed by the Wharton Econometric Forecasting Association (WEFA) under the direction of the WTTC. · NSCB and DOT signed a MOA to support the development of the PTSA.

    35. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features Initiatives towards PTSA developments • PTSA Milestones Activity Period · 1997 NSCB created an Inter - Agency Committee on the Development of a Satellite Account on Tourism (IAC - DSAT) that shall oversee the development of a TSA for the country. · IAC - DSAT conceptualized the framework for the PTSA · 1998 Participated in the Seventh Meeting of the Steering Committee, World Conference on the Measurement of the Economic Impact of Tourism, WTO Headquarters, Madrid, Spain · The NSCB created its Development of the Satellite Account on Tourism 1999 (DSAT) Team

    36. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features Initiatives towards PTSA developments • PTSA Milestones

    37. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features Initiatives towards PTSA developments • PTSA Milestones

    38. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features Initiatives towards PTSA developments • PTSA Milestones Activity Period · 2003 Regional Workshop on Tourism The Philippines hosted the “Second Sub - Statistics and the Elaboration of a Tourism Satellite Account” held in Manila. The country paper “Status of the Development of the Philippine Tourism Satellite Account (PTSA)” was presented in that workshop. · The IACDSAT was reconstituted and renamed to Inter - agency Committee on Tourism Statistics (IAC - TS) per NSCB Memorandum Order No. 04 Series of 2003 to expand the functions of the IAC from Tourism Accounts to . Tourism Statistics.

    39. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features Initiatives towards PTSA developments • PTSA Milestones Activity Period · 2005 The NSCB Executive Board approved the NSCB Resolution No. 4 Series of 2005 “Approving and Adopting the Philippine Tourism Statist ical Classification System (PTSCS)”. The PTSCS was based on the following: UNWTO - recommended list § 1994 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC) § 2002 Philippine Central Product Classification (PCPC) § International Standard Industrial Classifica tion (ISIC) Rev. 2 § · 2006 The NSCB DSAT Team was reconstituted and renamed as the Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts (PTSA) Team

    40. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features Initiatives towards PTSA developments • PTSA Milestones Activity Period · 2006 Presented the country paper “The 1993 Recommendations on Tourism Statistics and the Philippine Tourism Satellite Accounts” during the International Workshop on Tourism Statistics, UNWTO Headquarters, Madrid, Spain, 17 - 20 July 2006. · 2007 The Philippines participated in the worldwide consultation for the revision of the IRTS and the TSA: RMF by providing series of responses to the questionnaires sent by the UNWTO · Participated in the Expert Group Meeting in Tourism Statistics, UN Headquarters, New York, USA

    41. II. The Philippine TSA: Significant Developmental Features Initiatives towards PTSA developments • PTSA Milestones Activity Period · 2006 - 2008 Updating and refining the PTSA estimation using the IRTS 2008 and TSA: RMF 2008. Improvements from the previous estimates include: Establishment of the link of internal tourism consumption with the ü supply of goods and services Improvement of the coverage of domestic tourism using the results ü of the Household Survey on Domestic Visitors (HSDV) Compiling the outbound tourism expenditure (Table 3) previously ü not compiled Availability of estimates for GVATI, TDGVA and TDGDP ü Covered data series 2000 to 2007 ü

    42. III. Present Status of the PTSA On-going stage of implementation • Institution in charge of the compilation • National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) • Institutions that provide data • Department of Tourism (DOT) • National Statistics Office (NSO) • National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

    43. III. Present Status of the PTSA On-going stage of implementation • Guidelines & Standards followed • International Recommendations on Tourism Statistics (IRTS) 2008 • provides the basic concepts and definitions of the different aspects of tourism such as • travelers that qualify as visitor either tourist or overnight visitor, as same day visitor or excursionist; forms of tourism; concept of tourism expenditure & different classifications that can be used in the analysis of tourism

    44. III. Present Status of the PTSA On-going stage of implementation • Guidelines & Standards followed • International Recommendations on Tourism Statistics (IRTS) 2008 • used as guiding principles in the collection of data • serves as basis for the revision of existing data mechanisms to include necessary indicators on specific areas such as accommodation on second homes and same-day visits.

    45. III. Present Status of the PTSA On-going stage of implementation • Guidelines & Standards followed • Tourism Satellite Account: Recommended Methodological Framework (TSA: RMF) 2008 • aims to integrate the measurement of tourism as an economic phenomenon within the mainstream of macroeconomic statistics • serves to complement the concepts, definitions, aggregates, classifications already presented in the IRTS 2008 • the framework to guide countries in the further development of the system of tourism statistics, the main objective being the completion of the TSA

    46. III. Present Status of the PTSA On-going stage of implementation • Guidelines & Standards followed • Tourism Satellite Account: Recommended Methodological Framework (TSA: RMF) 2008 • generally serves as guide in the compilation of the PTSA tables • the sequence and title of the 10 tables were also followed

    47. III. PTSA Present Status On-going stage of implementation • Basic Aggregates currently prepared (for release January 2009) Tourism consumption expenditure/consumption • Inbound tourism expenditure • - Foreign visitors’ expenditure • - Overseas Filipinos’ expenditure (permanently residing abroad) • Domestic tourism expenditure • Outbound tourism expenditure

    48. III. PTSA Present Status On-going stage of implementation • Basic Aggregates currently prepared (for release January 2009) Tourism consumption expenditure/consumption • Internal tourism consumption • - Internal tourism expenditure • - expenditures on products such as accommodation, food and beverage, transportation and other products paid by the organizers on behalf of visitors • - IRTS 2008 recommendations concerning imputed consumption on vacation homes are not yet covered in the Philippine TSA updates

    49. III. PTSA Present Status On-going stage of implementation • Basic Aggregates currently prepared (for release January 2009) Supply/production of tourism goods and services • gross value added of tourism industries (GVATI) • tourism direct gross value added (TDGVA) • tourism direct gross domestic product (TDGDP)

    50. III. PTSA Present Status On-going stage of implementation • Basic Aggregates currently prepared (for release January 2009) Employment of tourism industries • estimates include number of persons employed in each of the identified tourism-characteristic industry • Limitations in the data did not allow for the generation of employment by sex and hours worked as recommended by the UNWTO