EXPORT DIEGO HERNÁNDEZ PILAR BARRIOS ALEJANDRA GUILOMBO
EXPORT • Is the sending of goods or products from that country own mentions it to another for use or final consumption.
CLASSIFICATION OF EXPORTS • TRADITIONAL AND NON-TRADITIONAL (MINOR EXPORT). • The classification of exports in traditional and non-traditional • Colombia Was established in the 70’ by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) to show how policy was fulfilled import substitution and export diversification. Were considered as traditional exports coffee, oil, gold and bananas; and all other non-traditional.
CLASSIFICATION (CONT.) • Traditional: products are often exported and the country depends on them. • Example: • The oil. • Example: • Cars • Drinks • Cigarrettes • Non-traditional: these are products that are exported infrequently and the country non depends on them.
CLASSIFICATION (CONT.) Those exports are limited by the state for security reasons. • Restrictedexports: Those performed without restrictions of the State, but must comply with due process corresponding customs. • Non-restricted export:
ACTORS INVOLVED IN THE EXPORT PROCESS • Exporter: (Individuals or Businesses). • Banks. • Ministry of Foreign Trade. • Customs Administration. • Customs Transport Agent.
REASONS FOR EXPORT Need to integrate the world market by the globalization of the economy. Diversifying products and markets to compete internationally. Ability to compete in international market for quality and price. Ensuring the survival of the company's long-term. Exploitcomparativeadvantages.
TYPES OF EXPORT • INDIRECT EXPORTING • Refersto a firm´sproductseventuallybeingsentoverseaswithoutthefirm´sultimateinvolvement. • Manysmall and medium-sezedfirmsdonthavethecostefficiencies, scaleeconomies, orforeingmarketknowledgetoexportdirectly. • A COMBINATION EXPORT MANAGER: • Isanindependentfirmthatacts as theexportdepartment of tehcompany. • Sellsthecompany´sproductstogetherwithalied. • A MANUFACTURER´S EXPORT AGENT: • Doen’tmake sales in thename of eachmanufacturer. • Thisfirmworkson a straightcommisionbasis. • A manufacturer’sagentdoesn’tassumeresponsabilityforadvertising and financing.
TYPES OF EXPORT • DIRECT EXPORTING • Happenswhen a companyinternalizestheexportfunction and takesresponsabilitytosellitsproducts, withoutanintermediary, toanimporterorbuyerlocated in a marketabroad. • Maycreate a separateexportdepartmenttoenableitsownstafftoconcentrateondeveloping new marketsabroad. • Companiesthatwanttoseparateinternational marketing fromitsdomesticcounterpartmayform a separateexport sales subsidiary.
CUSTOMS NOMENCLATURE Constituent Elements of the Customs Tariff 1 - Nomenclature 2 - Tariff 3 - Legal System 6 - Internal 4 - Items 5 - Subheadings 7 - Subinternas
CUSTOMS NOMENCLATURE Types of Legal Note 1 - Defining Notes 2 - ampliative Notes Notes Restrictive 4 - Qualifying Notes 5 - Notes exclusive 6 - Inclusive Notes 7 - Explanatory Notes
ADVANTAGES Direct contact with customers, greater control over operations. Improved bargaining power Improved margin management capabilities Increased flexibility and adaptability to emergency requirement changes in destination markets
DISADVANTAGES Increased difficulty in accessing markets. • Increased costs of research and market intelligence • Increased costs of knowledge in strategic business management • • Increased risks associated with the export process, such payments
BIBLIOGRAPHY • http://www.portafolio.co/columnistas/clasificacion-las-exportaciones • http://www.monografias.com/trabajos24/exportaciones/exportaciones.shtml#clasif • ANIF • Magazine semana • DANE • Managing International StrategicPlanning and Implementation.