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Into to Photography. Week 1:Introduction to Photography. Class Info. Class Blog: http :// / My email: [email protected] The Camera. SLR cameras use a mechanical mirror system and pentaprism to direct light from the lens to an optical

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Into to photography

Into to Photography

Week 1:Introduction to Photography

Class info
Class Info

Class Blog:

My email:

[email protected]

The camera
The Camera

SLR cameras use a mechanical mirror system and

pentaprism to direct light from the lens to an optical

viewfinder on the back of the camera. The mirror is lifted

out of the optic path at the moment of shutter release to

allow the light to expose the film.

(Digital Single Lens Reflex) is digital camera that uses a

single lens reflex (SLR) mechanism.

Anatomy of a dslr
Anatomy of a DSLR

  • Lens: the light collecting, columnating, and focusing element of the camera.

  • Body: houses the sensor, processor, and control functions.

    • The Sensor coverts the light from the lens into electrical signals that are sent to the memory Card

    • The Memory Card stores electronic images until they are transferred

      • Two types of memory cards:

        • SD: Secure Digital

        • CF: Compact Flash

  • The Shutter: Opens and closes to control the length of time the light strikes the sensor

  • The hotshoe: where you mount your flash

  • Tripod Screw Mount: where you screw in your tripod mount

How to hold your camera
How to Hold your Camera


Your feet should be spread shoulder distance apart

left foot a bit in front to provide better stability, knees slightly bent.

How to hold your camera1
How to Hold your Camera


  • Keep your arms against your body to steady the camera.

  • Use your left hand to support and focus the lens

  • Grip the camera body with your right hand.

  • Use your right forefinger to press the shutter release

How to hold your camera2
How to Hold your Camera


  • Hold the lens in your right hand

  • Keep elbow against body to steady camera (creating a “human tripod”)

  • Use the right hand to grip camera and press shutter release


  • The single best equipment purchase after the

    camera is a tripod.

  • It allows you to shoot in low light conditions

  • if used properly, will ensure the sharpest images

  • Can be used for careful composition and framing

  • Used for photographing night-time images such as the moon

  • Used to shoot HDR and panoramic shots that require exactly the same framing and precision.

  • Used to shoot extreme close-ups (macro photography)

  • Used to hold various objects such as flashes

Tripod considerations
Tripod Considerations

  • How much weight can your tripod hold?

    • Should always be at least 2x’s more than your camera

  • Your tripod should match your height

    • The viewfinder should be at your eye-level without you needing to bend over

  • How heavy is your tripod to carry?

    • Your tripod could be the best tripod in the world, but if it is too heavy, you will end up keeping it at home.

    • Depending on your size and strength, a good tripod is around 5 pounds

  • Tripod Heads:

    • Choosing a tripod head comes down to preference and usability

    • Make sure the head can support as much weight as the tripod legs can

    • Try out different heads before investing. Find the one that works the best for your style of shooting and is comfortable

How to care for clean your lenses
How to Care for & Clean your Lenses

  • The best thing you can do to prevent any lens damage is invest in a UV filter

    • this will create a barrier between your lens and the rest of the world, protecting it from scratches and cracks

    • It is much MUCH cheaper to invest in a new filter instead of a new lens

  • Before cleaning a lens, brush and wipe whole camera

  • if there is dirt on the outside, it will most likely get it.

  • When removing the lens from the camera always tilt the camera down as it will prevent getting any dust in the camera.

How to clean your lenses
How to Clean your Lenses

  • You first need to remove all dust and loose dirt with a blower and brush

  • If you don’t remove this initial loose debris, you chance grinding it into the lens later

  • Use thin, specially designed tissue paper with an alcohol solution to clean any smudges or fingerprints

  • You can also use a lens pen

  • When the lens is clear, you should use blower to ensure all dust is off and give the lens a final wipe with a lens cloth.

Week 1 exercise
Week 1 Exercise

Read your manual

Collect your favorite 10 images and bring them to class on a usb