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Role of Telecommunications/ ICT in Disaster Mitigation Alexandria , EGYPT, 14-17 April 2007. Dr. Cosmas L. Zavazava, PhD. HEAD, Emergency Telecommunications , Least Developed Countries, and Small Island Developing States.

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role of telecommunications ict in disaster mitigation alexandria egypt 14 17 april 2007
Role of Telecommunications/ ICTin Disaster MitigationAlexandria, EGYPT, 14-17 April 2007

Dr. Cosmas L. Zavazava, PhD.

HEAD,

Emergency Telecommunications,

Least Developed Countries,

and Small Island Developing States

slide2
Disasters kill at least one million people each decade and cause annual losses of US 65 billion dollars…

THE DESTRUCTIVE NATURE OF

DISASTERS

when disasters strike
WHEN DISASTERS STRIKE…

TELECOMMUNICATIONS

SAVE LIVES

slide10

FOUR COMMUNICATION

IMPERATIVES

AUTHORITY

CITIZEN

Alarm dissemination

Coordination

AUTHORITY

CITIZEN

Request information and provide

feedback on impact of disaster

ict multi hazard approach
ICT : MULTI-HAZARD APPROACH

Hurricane

Floods

Volcano

Earthquake

Fire

Tsunami

multi technology for multi hazards
MULTI-TECHNOLOGY FOR MULTI-HAZARDS

Volcano

Earthquake

Tsunami

Flood

Fire

about itu

ITU-D

ITU-T

Assistance delivery and implementation of telecommunications in developing countries

Telecommunication standardization- network and service aspects

ITU-R

Radiocommunicationstandardization and global radio spectrum management

191 Member States

700 Sector Members

100 Sector Associates

ABOUT ITU

ITU

Helping the World Communicate

enhanced coordination in emergency telecommunications
ENHANCED COORDINATION IN EMERGENCY TELECOMMUNICATIONS

ITU Deputy Secretary-General

Chairs Inter-Sectoral Group

On Emergency Telecoms

ITU-D

Coordinates all Sectors

at operational level

ITU-R

ITU-T

itu s complete package to disaster mitigation the mitigation onion layer approach mola
ITU’s COMPLETE PACKAGE TO DISASTER MITIGATIONThe Mitigation Onion Layer Approach (MOLA)

3. Prevention

Raising awareness using ICTs

and building preventive

measures in projects

1. Risk assessment/ Analysis

(intensity + probability)

4. Preparedness

Early warning + temporary measures

2. Early Warning

- forecasting dissemination

- Provision of timely and

effective information

5. Risk Management

Policies, strategies + practices

aimed at disaster risk reduction

background texts itu t standards
BACKGROUND TEXTS: ITU-T(STANDARDS)
  • International Emergency Preference Scheme

(Rec.E.106 Call Preference scheme)

  • Interoperability of telecommunication networks (ITU-T Rec. H.323)
  • Overview of the requirements, features, and concept for emergency telecoms for Next Generation Networks (NGN) (ITU-T Y. 1271)
  • Message broadcast capability for IP systems
    • H.323 Multimedia and VoIP (ITU-T H. 460.21)
new by itu t common alert protocol cap
New by ITU-T Common Alert Protocol (CAP)
  • Standard alert message format that can be used for a wide range of alert types
    • Including early warning and dissemination
  • Developed originally by OASIS
    • Good acceptance by industry and user communities
  • Currently: work item to be formally accepted within ITU-T SG 17 (Security, languages and telecommunication software)
    • Approval expected early 2008
  • Next:
    • Support of CAP in ITU-T defined systems
    • Refinements to the spec
    • Recommendation expected by end of May 2007
background texts itu r radiocommunication
BACKGROUND TEXTS: ITU-R(RADIOCOMMUNICATION)
  • Res.646 (WRC-03): Public Protection and Disaster Relief
    • Encouraging regionally harmonized bands/ranges for public protection and relief.
      • Region 1:380-470 Mhz
      • Region 2:746-806 Mhz, 806-869 Mhz, 4940-4990 Mhz.
      • Region 3:406.1-430Mhz, 440-470Mhz, 806-824/851-869 Mhz
  • Application of amateur and amateur satellite services (Rec. M.1042-2)
  • Support to emergency

broadcasting, maritime and

public safety signals

background texts itu d development
BACKGROUND TEXTS: ITU-D(DEVELOPMENT)
  • WTDC-06 Resolution 34:“The role of telecommunications/ICT in early warning and mitigation of disasters and humanitarian assistance.”
    • requesting the BDT “to support administrations in their work towards the implementation of the Tampere Convention,” and ITU-D should strengthen the link between telecommunication development and disaster.
  • WTDC-06: ITU-D Study Group 2 (Question 22/2):

“Utilization of ICT for disaster management and active and passive space-based sensing systems as they apply to disaster prediction, detection and mitigation.”

  • PP-06 Resolution 36:“Telecommunications/ICT in the service of humanitarian assistance”
    • inviting Member States “to work towards their accession to the Tampere Convention as a matter of priority” and also,

“to take all practical steps for the application of the Tampere Convention.”

  • PP-06 Resolution 136:“The use of ICT for monitoring and management in emergency and disaster situations for early warning, prevention, mitigation and relief.”
    • To support technical studies through ITU study Groups
    • Support the development of robust, comprehensive, all-hazards emergency and disaster early warning, mitigation and relief systems
itu d disaster preparedness 1
ITU-D: DISASTER PREPAREDNESS (1)
  • Telecommunication /ICT Development and Deployment
    • Incorporating resilience and reducing vulnerability
    • Focus on Universal Access
  • Training and Capacity building of Government Agencies, Radio Amateurs, NGOS, etc
  • Best Practices
  • Handbooks
  • Case Studies
itu d disaster preparedness 2
ITU-D: DISASTER PREPAREDNESS (2)

Help Establish Appropriate:

  • Legal Framework at National, Regional and International levels
    • Tampere Convention ratification and implementation
  • Regulatory Framework
    • Licensing regimes
    • Frequency usage
  • Policy framework
itu d response and relief operations
ITU-D: RESPONSE AND RELIEF OPERATIONS

▪Deployment of Satellite terminals for telemedicine and voice (disaster relief) e.g. ▪Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Suriname, etc.

▪Post Disaster Network Damage Assessments e.g. ▪Indonesia, Maldives, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka

▪Network Rehabilitation and GIS e.g. Indonesia

example of partnerships that work
EXAMPLE OF PARTNERSHIPS THAT WORK

ROHDE & SCHWARZ

ITU &

ITU SECTOR

MEMBERS

THURAYA

INMARSAT

FRANCE TELECOM

ongoing and future work
ONGOING AND FUTURE WORK
  • Publication of Best Practices and Designing of Model National Emergency Plans
  • Compendium on ITU-T, ITU-R, and ITU-D work
  • Protocols for Automatic TV, Radio and Telephone on-switching capability
  • Back-up ICT/Telecommunication systems (satellite)
  • ITU Framework for Cooperation in Emergencies (IFCE)
slide27

ITU Framework for Cooperation in Emergencies (IFCE)

Eminent Corporate

Champion

Eminent Industry

Champion

Eminent Corporate

Champion

Logistics

Cluster

▪Air Transport operators

▪International Couriers

Finance

Cluster

▪Governments

▪Private Sector

▪Development Banks

▪Regional Economic Groups

Technology

Cluster

▪Satellite operators andLand Earth station operators

▪Telecom Operators

▪GIS/Remote sensing service providers

▪Radiocommunications Equipment Providers

slide28
KEY

STRATEGIES IN THE USE OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS FOR DISASTER MITIGATION

bridging the gap between rural and urban universal access
Bridging the Gap between Rural and Urban (universal Access)
  • ICT should be high on the national development agenda
  • Introduce low-cost, affordable ICT/telecommunication technologies
  • ICT should provide a link for all citizens
  • Focus on Community based approaches rather than households (universal access rather than universal service)
strategies embrace convergence
Strategies: Embrace Convergence

Broadcasting

TV

ICTs for

Disaster

Mitigation

Broadcasting

Radio

  • Info. Technology
  • Internet
  • Wifi, Wifi-Max
  • Telecoms
  • Fixed
  • Mobile
strategies harmonize laws and regulations
Strategies: Harmonize Laws and Regulations
  • Adoption of appropriate treaties such as the Tampere Convention
  • Open standards that can help interoperability of networks and prioritization of calls

The “Tampere Hall” in

Tampere Finland, where the

Treaty on Telecommunication

For Disaster Mitigation and Relief was signed on 18 June 1998.

strategies concluding
Strategies: Concluding
  • Forge Multi-stakeholder Partnerships
  • Adopt relevant standards
  • Develop and deploy appropriate technologies
  • Multidisciplinary approach
  • Effective frequency management
call for partners
CALL FOR PARTNERS
  • SHARED VISION
  • SHARED OBJECTIVES AND OUTCOMES
  • RESULTING IN WIN-WIN OUTCOMES
thank you
THANK YOU

Dr. COSMAS L. ZAVAZAVA

Tel: +41 22 730 5447

cosmas.zavazava@itu.int

www.itu.int/itu-d/emergencytelecoms