PLOPalestinian Liberation Organization • Definition • A political and paramilitary organization that was created in 1964. • It is recognized as the sole representative of the Palestinian people by the United Nations.
Question 1 • Why might the PLO be important to the people of Palestine? • Clue: Who represents the people of Palestinians?
PLO and Terrorism • PLO started out as a Guerrilla organization. • This group was ran by Yasser Arafat. • Arafat called for the destruction of “The Zionist Entity”
Question 2 • How is the way that Yasser Arafat tried to get rid of the Jews from Israel the same as just prior to his entrance as leader in 1964?
Munich Massacre • Occurred during the 1972 Olympics • A grouped called Black September broke into where the Israeli Olympic team was staying and held them hostage. • They requested the release of 234 Palestinians and non-Arabs jailed in Israel.
Aftermath of Munich • 11 Israeli athletes were killed. • 5 of the 8 Black September members were killed. • The 3 remaining members were arrested, but later released after an Israeli plane was hijacked. • Ultimately, Israel went after the terrorists and killed the other 3 who survived.
Question 3 • Was the Munich Massacre successful? Why?
Ma'alot Massacre of 1974 • 3 Palestinian Terrorists entered an elementary school in Ma'alot Israel. • 5 people were killed in the city prior to arriving to the school. • 115 hostages were taken at the school. • Terrorists demanded the release of 23 Palestinians. • Student's would be killed if they did not release the 23 men.
Ma'alot Massacre • After 2 days a group stormed the school. • The terrorists let off grenades and shot their guns at the children. • Ultimately, 25 hostages were killed. • 22 children died and another 68 were injured. • 3 terrorists were killed • Nothing was resolved other then Israel responding with attacks on Palestinian communities
Question 4 • Much like the Munich Massacre what was accomplished by this act of terrorism in Ma'alot?
PLO Raid in Tel Aviv-1975 • Savoy Hotel in Tel Aviv • 8 Palestinians landed by boat on the beaches. • Guns were shot and they took over the hotel. • It was requested that 20 prisoners to be released. • 7 of the 8 Palestinians were killed. • 8 hostages were killed • The ship was captured and crew became prisoners.
PLO Raid in Tel Aviv-1978 • A group of guerillas open fire on the streets. • A bus was seized and people who tried to flee were captured. • The bus was ordered to head to Tel-Aviv. • Police opened fire on the bus and the guerillas fired back. • The bus exploded killing 37 Israelis and 9 Palestinians while injuring 70 more.
Tel-Aviv Aftermath • Ultimately, Palestinians/PLO were unable to accomplish anything. • The only thing that happened was people died.
Question 5 • Looking at all 4 of these acts of Terrorism do you believe terrorism was able to get Palestine any closer to where they wanted to be? They wanted Israel to leave and the land given back to them.
Final Question • Write a paragraph explain how successful Israel was in using Terrorism as a method to get what they wanted.