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Bookmobile Sustainability!. Green Vehicles and Technologies. Michael Swendrowski Founder/president Specialty Vehicle Services, LLC. Consulting Design Management Inspection Consignment Chairman, ALA Subcommittee on Bookmobiles National Bookmobile Day

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Bookmobile sustainability

Bookmobile Sustainability!

Green Vehicles and Technologies

  • Michael Swendrowski

    • Founder/president Specialty Vehicle Services, LLC.

      • Consulting

      • Design

      • Management

      • Inspection

      • Consignment

    • Chairman, ALA Subcommittee on Bookmobiles

      • National Bookmobile Day

      • Annual “Bookmobile Sunday” and “Parade of Bookmobiles”

    • Co-author, On the Road with Outreach (Libraries Unlimited, 2009)


  • History of “Green”

  • Free “Green”

  • “Green” Vehicles

  • “Green” Technologies

  • Future of “Green”

  • “Green” Responsibilities


  • The “Green” movement today is defined as:

  • “advocating the sustainable management of resources and stewardship of the environment through changes in public policy and individual behavior”

  • Not-So-New Movement

    • Origins early 1900’s

    • Deeper movement in 1970’s

    • Traction in early 2000’s

    • Our Responsibility

1895 Edison Electric Car


Peak oil is past
Peak Oil is Past

Oil reserves are becoming increasingly difficult to find and extract

  • Seven ways to make your current service more sustainable!

Free “Green”

1 good route planning
#1 - Good Route Planning

Save fuel by planning route to minimize travel.

2 don t make unnecessary journeys
#2 - Don’t Make Unnecessary Journeys

Make stops part of your planned routes whenever possible!

3 don t carry unnecessary loads
#3 - Don’t Carry Unnecessary Loads

Extra weight means extra fuel!

4 regular vehicle maintenance
#4 - Regular Vehicle Maintenance

Clean air filter

Maintain tire pressure

5 fuel conscious driving habits
#5 - Fuel Conscious Driving Habits

33% Improvement in Fuel Economy!

Avoid “jackrabbit” Starts

Reduce Highway Speed

Maintain Highway Speed

Plan Decelerations in Advance

Keep Idling to a Minimum!

6 waste management
#6 - Waste Management

Defined procedures for collection and management

7 you re already green
#7 - You’re Already Green!

Mobile libraries save many journeys by readers who would otherwise be driving to a branch to choose their books!

Epa10 diesel standards
EPA10 Diesel Standards

98% improvement from 1990!

Some are also capable of burning B20 biodiesel without modification.

Compressed liquid natural gas cng lng
Compressed/Liquid Natural Gas (CNG/LNG)

Clean Alternative Fuel

Limited refueling infrastructure

Azure dynamics balance hev system
Azure Dynamics “Balance” HEV System

Post OEM system on Ford E450 cutaway and stripped chassis trucks

40% improvement in fuel economy

30% reduction in maintenance costs

International durastar hev
International “DuraStar” HEV

65% reduction in hydrocarbon emissions

58% reduction in carbon monoxide

41% reduction in nitrogen oxide emissions

Up to 60% improvement in fuel economy

Freightliner m2e hev hybrid cab chassis
Freightliner “M2e” HEV Hybrid Cab/Chassis

Quiet electric power take-off

Regenerative braking captures 70% of kinetic energy

Ic bus ce series hev school bus chassis
IC Bus “CE Series” HEV School Bus Chassis

65% fuel economy improvement

39% reduction in greenhouse gases

Freightliner hybrid hev walk in van chassis
Freightliner Hybrid HEV Walk-in Van Chassis

MT-45 and MT-55 HEV chassis available

EPA Certified in all 50 States

Boulder electric vehicle ev
Boulder Electric Vehicle (“EV”)

Payload: 4,000lbs (11,500lb GVWR)

Dimensions: 21’L x 10.5’H x 8’W

Range: 120 miles

Top speed: 65mph

Greater than 50MPG equivalent

Navistar modec ev alliance e star ev
Navistar-Modec EV Alliance “E-Star” EV

Payload: 4,000lbs (12,100lb GVWR)

Range: 100 miles

Max speed: 50MPH

Freightliner mt ev walk in van
Freightliner MT-EV Walk-in Van

Body by Morgan Olson

Range: 100 miles

Powered by Tesla Motors lithium-ion batteries

GVWR of 14,000 to 19,500lbs

Smith electric vehicles newton ev
Smith Electric Vehicles “Newton” EV

Payload: 7,392-16,060lbs (GVWR 16,500-26,500lbs)

Range: 100+ miles

Max speed: 50MPH

Interior finishes adhesives and materials
Interior Finishes, Adhesives and Materials

CARB Phase 2, in effect as of January 1, 2010

Bamboo plywoods

Cork and bamboo flooring


Solar panels
Solar Panels

Up to 150 watts per panel

Can be retrofitted to existing vehicle

Work well with hybrid power systems

Aluminum shelving
Aluminum Shelving

Reduces Weight Load!



Led lighting
LED Lighting

1/10 the power draw of conventional lighting!

Long lasting and low maintenance.

Available in day light spectrum.

T8 fluorescent replacements available (60% less consumption).

Ambient lighting
Ambient Lighting

Include (or add) skylights and windows to reduce your reliance on artificial lighting!

Hybrid power system
Hybrid Power System

Onan HQD Systems

Hybrid power system1
Hybrid Power System

8 hours of silent operation!

Lose the generator altogether
Lose the Generator Altogether!

No fuel consumption!

No noise!

No generator headaches!

Dc powered air conditioners


AC Powered

BTUs: 9,200

Watts: 1,080

BTUs per watt: 8.5

DC Powered

BTUs: 9,200

Watts: 720

BTUs per watt: 12.8

DC Powered Air Conditioners

50% more Efficient!

Future of “Green”

  • Batteries

    • Lithium Ion (Li-ion)

      • Technology now 2 decades old and mature

      • Becoming available for aftermarket conversions

      • Very expensive – limited supply

    • Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH)

      • Current in High Efficiency Vehicles (hybrids)

    • Nickel-Zinc (NiZn)

      • On horizon

      • 30% more power

      • 30% less weight

      • 20% less cost

      • Recycle better

    • Immediate future is actually in lower consumption

  • Fuel Cells

    • Principle discovered in 1838

    • Continuing Refinement

    • More Viable with Improvements

Mercedes-Benz fuel cell bus in London

  • Solar

    • New nanoparticles can increase efficiency 12%

    • Flexible panels can increase effective surface areas

    • “Thin Film” technologies (vs silicon) lower cost and improve aesthetics

Hyundai Heavy Industries

Proterra (CO) plug-in hydrogen fuel cell hybrid transit bus

Our Responsibilities

1901 Lohner-Porche Mixte Hybrid

“Sustainable management of resources and stewardship of the environment through changes in public policy and individual behavior.”

The best source of new energy is efficiency!

You are a role model within your community!

Cooperation is imperative!

Michael Swendrowski

Mobile: 262.510.1397

Email: [email protected]

Thank You!