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Early Aegean Civilization & The Rise of Hellenic Civilization. Parthenon, Athens - 450 BC. Sir Arthur Evans , 1900 Discovered the Palace of Knossos (Minoan civilization). Sea themes on Cretan pottery. North entrance of Palace of Knossos. The Throne Room of King Minor c 1600 BCE.

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Early Aegean Civilization & The Rise of Hellenic Civilization


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    1. Early Aegean Civilization & The Rise of Hellenic Civilization

    2. Parthenon, Athens - 450 BC

    3. Sir Arthur Evans, 1900 Discovered the Palace of Knossos (Minoan civilization)

    4. Sea themes on Cretan pottery

    5. North entrance of Palace of Knossos

    6. The Throne Room of King Minor c 1600 BCE

    7. The Queen’s Room…

    8. The Fisherman, Crete, c 1400 Prince With Lilies, c. 1500 BC

    9. Minoan ladies, 1400

    10. Bull leaping Mural, Palace at Knossos

    11. The Palace at Knossos, 2200 -1400 BC

    12. Heinrich Schleiman

    13. Homer, The Iliad

    14. 12th C. : The Trojan Wars

    15. Origin of the Trojan War

    16. Helen, Paris and Aphrodite

    17. The Lion’s Gate,1350 BC Kyriakos Pittakis,1841

    18. The Treasury of Atreus c 1300 BCE

    19. Two sets of gravesites were discovered at Mycenae • Pottery, swords, knives and 100’s of gold ornaments have been found

    20. Mycenaean Queen, c. 1350

    21. Mycenaean bull, 1350 BCE

    22. Invasions usher in a “Dark Age.” (1100-800 BC)

    23. Invasions usher in a “Dark Age.” (1100-800 BC) • Mycenaean civilization disappeared- warfare, poverty, insecurity and isolation. • Extensive trade ceased • The knowledge of writing was forgotten • Palace workshops were abandoned • Art reflected primitive forms • Simple burials • No massive buildings/architecture • Fewer water wells were dug

    24. How did life change after 800 BC? • “The Greek Renaissance” 800 – 600 BC • Writing again became part of Greek culture (Phoenician script!) • Population increased dramatically • Urbanization quickened • A merchant class emerged • Colonies around the Mediterranean multiplied • Overseas trade expanded • Rise in use of metals

    25. Hesiod,wroteThe TheogonyandWorks & Days

    26. The poet Homer: broke with the traditional treatment of the heroes of myth and legend • Not just deeds and actions, but added what the hero thought and felt about his behavior • Developed characters who were complex in their motives, who expressed emotions such as anger, vengeance, guilt, remorse and compassion.

    27. The Polis… is the name for the independent city-state of the ancient Hellenes people.

    28. The polis developed into a self-governing community… that expressed the will of free citizens, not the desires of gods, hereditary kings or priests.

    29. The great Greek contribution to political life: • Individual members shared a sense of belonging to and participating in the polis. • Community problems are caused by human beings and require human solutions. • Laws expressed the rational mind of the community to insure its will and needs are met.

    30. Sparta: the ultimate military state

    31. Spartan warriors, c. 450 BC

    32. The ruins of Ancient Sparta

    33. Athens, cradle of democracy

    34. Draco Solon 620’sBC 570’sBC Pisistratus, 540’s BC Cleisthenes, 508 BC