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Early Aegean Civilization & The Rise of Hellenic Civilization. Parthenon, Athens - 450 BC. Sir Arthur Evans , 1900 Discovered the Palace of Knossos (Minoan civilization). Sea themes on Cretan pottery. North entrance of Palace of Knossos. The Throne Room of King Minor c 1600 BCE.
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Early Aegean Civilization & The Rise of Hellenic Civilization
Sir Arthur Evans, 1900 Discovered the Palace of Knossos (Minoan civilization)
The Fisherman, Crete, c 1400 Prince With Lilies, c. 1500 BC
The Lion’s Gate,1350 BC Kyriakos Pittakis,1841
Two sets of gravesites were discovered at Mycenae • Pottery, swords, knives and 100’s of gold ornaments have been found
Invasions usher in a “Dark Age.” (1100-800 BC) • Mycenaean civilization disappeared- warfare, poverty, insecurity and isolation. • Extensive trade ceased • The knowledge of writing was forgotten • Palace workshops were abandoned • Art reflected primitive forms • Simple burials • No massive buildings/architecture • Fewer water wells were dug
How did life change after 800 BC? • “The Greek Renaissance” 800 – 600 BC • Writing again became part of Greek culture (Phoenician script!) • Population increased dramatically • Urbanization quickened • A merchant class emerged • Colonies around the Mediterranean multiplied • Overseas trade expanded • Rise in use of metals
The poet Homer: broke with the traditional treatment of the heroes of myth and legend • Not just deeds and actions, but added what the hero thought and felt about his behavior • Developed characters who were complex in their motives, who expressed emotions such as anger, vengeance, guilt, remorse and compassion.
The Polis… is the name for the independent city-state of the ancient Hellenes people.
The polis developed into a self-governing community… that expressed the will of free citizens, not the desires of gods, hereditary kings or priests.
The great Greek contribution to political life: • Individual members shared a sense of belonging to and participating in the polis. • Community problems are caused by human beings and require human solutions. • Laws expressed the rational mind of the community to insure its will and needs are met.
Draco Solon 620’sBC 570’sBC Pisistratus, 540’s BC Cleisthenes, 508 BC