Roman Law. By: Aaron Oberlander. The First Roman Law. Before the Twelve Tables were used in 451B.C. through 387B.C. when they were destroyed by the Celts, the only law used was the Roman civil law. This law applied only to Roman citizens, was undeveloped, and was used with religion.
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Roman Law By: Aaron Oberlander
The First Roman Law • Before the Twelve Tables were used in 451B.C. through 387B.C. when they were destroyed by the Celts, the only law used was the Roman civil law. • This law applied only to Roman citizens, was undeveloped, and was used with religion. • This law had many flaws, but was a good basis for the main laws that were to come.
The Twelve Tables • The first legal text is the Law of the Twelve Tables, dating from c.500B.C. • In 451B.C., ten Roman citizens(decemviri) were chosen to record the laws. • One year later in 450B.C., the ten citizens produced the laws on ten tablets. • Another ten people added two more laws to the tablets in 449B.C. • This made the people happy with the new Law of XII Tables.
The Twelve Tables(Cont.) • The first legal profession developed in Rome. • The praetors were the ministers of justice. • The twelve tables also applied just to Roman citizens. • Another law called the law of nations was developed later to rule the conquered people in the Roman empire.
Content of the Twelve Tables • Some of the laws in the Twelve Tables would be considered odd or unacceptable by today’s standards. • For example, Table 2 says,”He whose witness has failed to appear may summon him by loud calls before his house every third day.” • For one more example, in Table 8 it says,” A person who had been found guilty of giving false witness shall be hurled down from the Tarpeian Rock.”
Mos Maiorum • The Roman Republic’s constitution or mos maiorum was an unwritten set of guidelines passed down through precedent. • Concepts that originated in the constitution are still used to this day. • Some examples are checks, balances, separation of powers, vetoes, impeachment and elections. • Mos Maiorum means “custom of the ancestors” • The constitution of the Roman Republic was not formal or official. • Its constitution was largely unwritten, and was constantly evolving throughout the life of the republic.
Questions and Answers • 1.Who did the Roman Civil Law apply to? • 1. Roman Citizens • 2. Name 3 examples of concepts that originated in Mos Maiorum and are used today. • 2. Checks, balances, separation of powers, vetoes, impeachment and elections. • 3. How many tables were there in 450B.C.? • 3. 10 Tables
Thanks to(Biography): • http://www.schoyencollection.com/law.htm • http://www.cnrs.ubc.ca/index.php?id=3493 • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_law • http://www.unrv.com/government/twelvetables.php • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decemviri