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Renal - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Renal. Renal. Kidney Function Blood filtration, reabsorption, secretion Fluid balance Ph balance Hormone production Kidney Shapes Bean-shaped Lobulated Heart shaped . Renal. Structure Cortex Medulla Nephron Bowman’s Glomerulus Renual Tubule Proximal convuluted tubule

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renal1
Renal

Kidney Function

  • Blood filtration, reabsorption, secretion
  • Fluid balance
  • Ph balance
  • Hormone production

Kidney Shapes

  • Bean-shaped
  • Lobulated
  • Heart shaped
renal2
Renal

Structure

  • Cortex
  • Medulla
  • Nephron
      • Bowman’s Glomerulus
      • RenualTubule
      • Proximal convuluted tubule
      • Loop of Henle
      • Distal convulutedtubule
      • Collecting ducts
  • Renal pelvis (pyel)
renal3
Renal
  • Ureter
  • Bladder (cyst)  
  • Urethra

Urine = Urea + Water+ Salts + Amino Acids

renal4
Renal

Terminology

  • Anuria
  • Calculus (stones, urolith)
  • Cystitis
  • Diuresis
  • Dysuria
  • Glycosuria
  • Hematuria
  • Incontinence
  • Oliguria
  • Polyuria
  • Pyuria
renal5
Renal

Pathology

  • Pyelonephritis
  • Nephrolithiasis
  • Urolithiasis
renal6
Renal

Clinical Procedures

  • Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
  • Dialysis
  • Cystocentesis
  • Free Catch
  • Catheterization