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FINAL EXAM REVIEW. TIMELINE. Supreme Court delivers Plessy vs. Fergeson (1896) NAACP is formed (1909) Supreme Court delivers Brown v. Board(1954) Rosa Parks arrested in Montgomery, AL(1955) Montgomery Bus Boycott(1955-1956) March on Washington demonstration (1963) Civil Rights Act(1964)

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timeline
TIMELINE
  • Supreme Court delivers Plessy vs. Fergeson (1896)
  • NAACP is formed (1909)
  • Supreme Court delivers Brown v. Board(1954)
  • Rosa Parks arrested in Montgomery, AL(1955)
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott(1955-1956)
  • March on Washington demonstration (1963)
  • Civil Rights Act(1964)
  • AIM standoff at Wounded Knee, SD (1973)
  • Republicans introduce Contract with America(1994
  • Gratz v. Bollinger(2003
what did the case of plessy v ferguson establish
What did the case of Plessy v Ferguson establish?
  • “Separate but equal”
  • Upheld segregation
slide4
Why did African American and Mexican American Students benefit less that Whites from public education?
  • Even though law said “separate but equal”, the facilities available were not
what did w e b du bois encourage students to seek in school
What did W.E.B du Bois encourage students to seek in school?
  • Their own profession, especially in liberal arts education
how did minstrel shows portray african americans
How did minstrel shows portray African Americans?
  • Unintelligent, illiterate, unable to follow the law
  • Made fun of them
  • laughable
why was the naacp founded
Why was the NAACP founded?
  • 1909
  • Group dedicated to African Americans fighting discrimination through the court system
what were some of the issues women faced in the 1800s
What were some of the issues women faced in the 1800s
  • Unable to vote
  • Unfair wages, jobs
  • Unsafe working conditions
  • Social restrictions
what development helped women take their first steps towards public life
What development helped women take their first steps towards public life?
  • Women became organized into groups
  • National women’s rights groups formed
why did mlk jr pick birmingham al for demonstrations
Why did MLK Jr. pick Birmingham, AL, for demonstrations
  • He believed it was the most segregated city in the entire country
what happened after congress passed the voting rights act 1965
What happened after Congress passed the Voting Rights Act 1965
  • African American registered voters increased
  • For the first time, many African Americans were elected to public office at all levels
after the civil war what happened to the civil rights movement after wwii
After the Civil War, what happened to the civil rights movement? After WWII?
  • Declined after Civil War
  • Rose/accelerated after WWII
where did pres truman order an end to discrimination
Where did Pres. Truman order an end to discrimination?
  • Armed forces
  • Previously segregated, many black units not allowed to fight, put to menial tasks
how did pres eisenhower use the national guard in 1957
How did Pres. Eisenhower use the National Guard in 1957?
  • AR governor thought integration of schools would cause too much trouble, called National Guard to stop new black students from entering the school
  • Eisenhower took federal control of the National Guard, and turned them around to stop the people against the blacks getting into school, enforcing school integration
in the 1920s and 1930s the naacp had success in challenging what
In the 1920s and 1930s, the NAACP had success in challenging what?
  • Many of the segregation laws that had existed since the end of slavery
how did the national urban league help newcomers
How did the National Urban League help newcomers?
  • Providing them with housing and job opportunities
freedom summer and selma march were conducted to draw attention to african americans lack of
Freedom Summer and Selma March were conducted to draw attention to African Americans’ lack of….
  • Civil Rights, particularly voting rights
how did the sncc come under the leadership of stokely carmichael
How did the SNCC come under the leadership of Stokely Carmichael?
  • The SNCC was taking a new direction in how it pushed for civil rights
  • Moved from “integration” to being a more and more militant organization
what was the warren court decision on kennedy s assassination
What was the Warren Court decision on Kennedy’s assassination?
  • That the assassin acted alone
  • “Grassy Knoll” theory
  • conspiracy
chief justice earl warren s court focused on
Chief Justice Earl Warren’s court focused on….
  • Constitutional rights of citizens
  • Particularly those of people being accused of crimes
  • Miranda Rights
kennedy s domestic success
Kennedy’s domestic success
  • New frontier
  • Economic reforms, fought poverty, propelled America headfirst into the Space Race by expanding the space program
immigration act of 1965
Immigration Act of 1965
  • Abolished national origin quotas set for immigrants (no more set number of people allowed in from each outside country)
effect of supreme court decisions on apportionments
Effect of Supreme Court decisions on Apportionments
  • Redrew the areas from which people would vote from
  • People moved from cities to suburban areas, needed to redraw voting discricts
  • Changed the number of seats available in government to each area
what did jfk s new frontier focus on
What did JFK’s New Frontier focus on?
  • Economy, poverty, and the space program
women s movement of 1960 grew out of frustration with
Women’s Movement of 1960 grew out of frustration with…?
  • Discrimination against women, especially in the types of jobs that were available to them
era passed congress in 1972 but what happened
ERA passed Congress in 1972, but what happened?
  • It was not ratified by enough states to be enacted into law
why did many women reject the women s movement
Why did many women reject the women’s movement?
  • Many women did not want to work equally as men, and preferred more traditional roles for women in society
what is feminism
What is feminism?
  • The belief that women are socially, politically, and economically equal to men
nixon and his aides responded to the siege mentality of the white house by
Nixon and his aides responded to the siege mentality of the White House by…
  • Wiretaps, enemies list
nixon approved a group formed in response to the pentagon papers
Nixon approved _______, a group formed in response to the Pentagon Papers
  • Plumbers
  • Ex CIA, ex FBI guys
the watergate burglars were caught trying to do what
The Watergate Burglars were caught trying to do what?
  • Place wiretaps/phone taps on the phones of the Democratic National Committee office
why did nixon fire the special prosecutor
Why did Nixon fire the Special Prosecutor?
  • Archibald Cox demanded Nixon hand over secret White House recordings
what did nixon do as evidence mounted against him
What did Nixon do as evidence mounted against him?
  • He handed over the tapes, with 18 minutes erased, then resigned from office
what was the iran contra affair
What was the Iran-Contra affair
  • The secret plan of selling military arms to Iran to fund and arm rebels in Nicaragua
what was the goal of reagan s policy towards nicaragua
What was the goal of Reagan’s policy towards Nicaragua?
  • Overthrow the Marxist (communist) government, led by the Sandinistas
what was the boland amendment
What was the Boland Amendment?
  • Amendment signed that made it illegal for the CIA to aid the Contras fighting the Sandinistas in Nicaragua
how did americans find out about america s role in providing aid to nicaragua
How did Americans find out about America’s role in providing aid to Nicaragua?
  • Lone US pilot who was shot down and survived, captured and put on international TV and told of his US sponsored mission, and the covert aid program
why was it illegal to sell arms to iran
Why was it illegal to sell arms to Iran?
  • There was an embargo against Iran at the time
how did presient reagan justify selling arms to iran
How did Presient Reagan justify selling arms to Iran?
  • Get prisoner’s back from Iran-backed Lebanon
what did the tower commission decide
What did the Tower Commission decide?
  • That Reagan was aware of the arms deals to Iran, but did not know of the diversion of the money to the Contras
  • Contain communism
president reagan s approval rating when he left office
President Reagan’s approval rating when he left office:
  • Highest of any president since FDR, despite the speculation of his involvement in the Iran-Contra affair
whitewater
Whitewater?
  • Scandal involving president Bill Clinton, his wife, their friends, and a real estate venture that went bankrupt
ken starr
Ken Starr??
  • Was appointed independent counsel to investigate Clinton’s role in the Whitewater affair
final outcome of the starr report
Final outcome of the Starr report
  • Bill Clinton was impeached by the House of Representatives, but was not convicted by the Senate
  • Obstruction of justice in lying about having an affair with Monica Lewinsky
why did conservatives criticize the new deal and great society
Why did conservatives criticize the New Deal and Great Society?
  • Because it expanded the size of the Federal government
what were reagan s main goals
What were Reagan’s main goals?
  • Cut back government regulations on business and industry
what did reagan s critics charge that his conservative policies led to
What did Reagan’s critics charge that his conservative policies led to?
  • An increasingly larger gap between the rich and poor of America
how did the soviet policies of perestroika and glasnost help bring an end to the cold war
How did the Soviet policies of perestroika and glasnost help bring an end to the Cold War?
  • Opened up satellite nations to the Western world and culture
  • Caused the fall of communist regimes in Eastern Europe
major reason george bush responded forcefully to iraq s invasion of kuwait
Major reason George Bush responded forcefully to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait?
  • Protect the flow of oil to the West
conservatives joined the american liberty league in the 1930s to oppose what
Conservatives joined the American Liberty league in the 1930s to oppose what?
  • The New Deal, which was expanding the size of the federal government
reagan s foreign policy called for
Reagan’s foreign policy called for…
  • Taking an active role against communism and its spread throughout the world
what happened to the deficit under reagan
What happened to the deficit under Reagan?
  • It rose dramatically
  • Military spending
how did americans celebrate patriotic renewal
How did Americans celebrate patriotic renewal?
  • 1984 Olympics in LA
  • Centennial of Statue of Liberty
  • 200th anniversary of the Constitution 1987
what was reagan s record in the area of civil rights
What was Reagan’s record in the area of Civil Rights?
  • Tried to end some affirmative action programs
other things to consider
Other things to consider…
  • Carter-Torrijos treaty. Panama Canal involvement
  • Camp David Accords
  • Oil embargo on US: Why?
  • Basically, include the last study guide
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