NATIONAL TIGER RECOVERY PROGRAMME OF BANGLADESH . Dr. Tapan Kumar Dey Conservator of Forests, Wildlife Conservation Circle, Forest Department Mrs. Jahan Ara Begum Deputy Sectretary, MoEF, Govt. of Bangladesh. Over View of Tiger Status In Bangladesh:.
Dr. Tapan Kumar Dey
Conservator of Forests, Wildlife Conservation Circle, Forest Department
Mrs. Jahan Ara Begum
Deputy Sectretary, MoEF, Govt. of Bangladesh.
Tiger lived in Bangladesh for centuries, but at present it had become endangered in the country. It has been reported that tiger were present in major district of the country in 1930s.
Now, habitat degradation, fragmentation, monoculture, encroachment, forest clearing, legal hunting, illegal poaching has caused the tiger habitat and number reduced to a minimum state.
The Sundarban (6017 sq. km) is the only habitat where the tigers are still thriving in Bangladesh.
The Sundarbanis densely covered by mangrove forests, and is one of the largest reserves for the wild tiger.
Sundarban has got three wildlife sanctuaries (1,39,000 hectares) which is 23% of the total area of the forests.
The three wildlife sanctuaries of Sundarban is declared as a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1997.
The last population census indicates tiger population in Bangladesh Sundarban varies form 400-450.
The main prey base of tiger is Spotted Deer (Axis axis) and occasionally they prey on Wild Boar (Sus scrofa), Barking Deer (Muntiacus muntjak) and Rhesus Monkey (Macaca mulatta) etc.
The systematic survey of Spotted Deer population was done in 2000-2002 using there different census methods and population size was 83,000 (Dey, T.k. 2005).
The population density varies with the vegetation types. The mean density of Spotted Deer was lowest (3 sq. km.) in Pure Sundri forest of north-eastern side of the Sundarban and highest was in the Keora-Gewa- open grass land in the south-eastern part of the forest.
Bangladesh also suffer high level of Tiger-Human Conflict and on an average 25-40 peoples are killed by the tiger every year.
On an average 2-3 tigers (stray-tiger) killed by the local people per year. Human killing incidences are more is the north-western side of the forests.
Due to human-killing & livestock depredation incidence, killing of stray tigers by affected local communities in increasing.
Tigers are directly threatened by poaching to supply the increasing demand for tiger products.
Poaching of prey further reduces the capacity of the forest to support tigers, and unsustainable forest use and climate change threaten to reduce the area in which tigers can live.
There are many threats to the Sundarban forest and some of these threats are sea label rise, fresh water flow, industrial pollution and polder construction.
Other threats are non-timber forest products collection, tree diseases, illegal timber felling, planning of mineral & gas extraction etc.
Response of Bangladesh for Implementation of Tigers Action PlanBangladesh Forest Department with collaboration of Wildlife Trust of Bangladesh (WTB) has developed a national tiger action plan (2009-2017) to lay out the conservation actions that need to be undertaken in order to save tigers and their forests.
Vision And Goals of BTAP
Protected tiger landscapes in Bangladesh, where wild tigers thrive at optimum carrying capacities* and which continue to provide essential ecological services to mankind.
Goals to address threats
Goals to address challenges
Projects in Sundarban under Implementation-Management support to Sundarbans Reserve Forests- Development and Rehabilitation of Communication Systems in Sundarbans- Rehabilitation and Development of Infrastructure in Sundarbans
Projects in pipeline at Sundarban
- Integrated Protected Area Co-management (IPAC) Project
- Sundarban Environmental and Livelihood Security (SEALS) Project
- Biodiversity and Ecotourism Development in Bangladesh
Development and approval of Bangladesh Tiger Action Plan (2009-2017) with the collaboration of Wildlife Trust of Bangladesh(WTB).
Formation and training of Village Tiger Response Team surrounding communities of SRF.
Formation of FD Tiger Response Team in collaboration with WTB.
Training of FD staffs for immobilization, capture and release of strayed out tiger with the collaboration of WTB.
Conducted tiger track survey (khal survey method) and prey population survey by WTB.
Formation of co-management council and committee for the management of SRF.
Formulation of compensation policy for killing or permanent disability of human by Tiger has been done.
Stabilize or marginally increase the current tiger population by reducing key threats to tigers, prey and habitat – by 2022, a demographically stable tiger population close to carrying capacity under conservation management in Bangladesh Sunderbans eco-system.
International and Regional:
A protocol regarding trans boundary issue and system for effective cross-border collaboration with India to curb poaching, smuggling and trade in wildlife waiting for the approval of the cabinet.
Endorse GTRP and Tiger Summit Declaration.
Commit to global and regional tiger conservation goals.
Capacity:- To develop capacity in the Forest Department for effective wildlife and habitat conservation in the Sunderbans, a new wildlife wing will be developed and in future a separate Wildlife Department will be established.- Support political transition from production forestry to conservation objectives. - Support all capacity building training programs of GTI and GTF.
Integration between GO and NGO Tiger Conservation programs.
Financial and technical support to the NTRP.
Recognition of Global Tiger Day by UN (29th July).
Recognition of GTF and their activities.
Implementation of regional projects.