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2005 Bali bombing Done By: Leow Wei Chin (13) Ivan Szeto (27)
Contents • Introduction • Role of governments • Causes of conflict / Reason for the use of terrorist actions • Measures taken to deal with transnational terrorism • Impact on the rest of the world • Lessons learnt (Singapore)
Introduction • 1st Oct 2005 • First 2 explosions at6.50pm local time • 3rd explosion at 7.00pm • One of the blasts struck Raja's Restaurant at the Kuta Square shopping mall • Another two bombs exploded along the Jimbaran beach, one of which was near the Four Seasons Hotel. • Popular regions for Western tourists • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aYNhahCswoI
Introduction • Believed to be carried out by at least 3 suicide bombers. • Bombs used appear to have differed from previous blasts. • In most deaths and injuries, victims had been inflicted by shrapnel, rather than chemical explosion. • A medical officer's x-rays showed foreign objects described as "pellets" in many victims' bodies and a victim reported ball bearings lodged in her back.
Role of government/ Political response • President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono condemned the blasts as a "criminal act" and has called for an urgent meeting with Indonesian security officials. • He vowed that those responsible would be caught, saying • "We will hunt down the perpetrators and bring them to justice.”
Role of government/ Political response • Vice-President Jusuf Kalla told the BBC that the government is uncertain of the group responsible for these attacks.
Causes of such terrorism acts • Terrorists were attacking Americans, though the largest number of victims turned out to be the Indonesians and the second largest, Australians • What should also not be overlooked is that the USA Consulate in Bali was also targeted that night.
Causes of such terrorism acts • However, it was indeed Australians who were being targeted because of their alliance with the USA. • There is also now a great speculation in Indonesia as to why these targets were chosen.
Measures taken to deal with transnational terrorism • In Afghanistan the repressive Taliban regime has been removed from power, Al Qaida's terrorist bases destroyed and its operations disrupted. • Three-quarters of Al Qaida's senior leadership has been captured or killed. • Around 3400 terrorist operatives and associates have been detained or killed in over 100 countries. • Entire Al Qaida cells have been dismantled around the world and plots disrupted. • Around $285 million in terrorist assets have been frozen. • In the australian region, over 300 Jemaah Islamiyah suspects have been detained. • Most of those responsible for the Bali bombings have been captured and convicted.
Terrorism is a growing threat to world security • Terrorism can be carried out anywhere, anytime by a variety of methods which can potentially kill a lot of people. • It is also a method the weak groups can ensure that their voices are heard and governments will be pressured to meet their demands. • It is a war of psychology, perception and luck. • No matter how powerful a government is, the terrorists will still be able to attack them if they do not get what they want.
Impact on world security • Terrorist attacks are usually carried out in such a way as to maximize the severity and length of the psychological impact (i.e. 9/11). Each act of terrorism is devised to have an impact on many large audiences. Terrorists also attack national symbols, to show power and to attempt to shake the foundation of the country or society they are opposed to. This may negatively affect a government’s image, while increasing the prestige of the given terrorist organization and ideology behind a terrorist act. • Terrorism also means that the world is no longer as safe as it may seem because terrorism may occur anytime. Thus, people have to be alert and be aware of what to do in the event of a terrorist attack.
Lessons for Singapore • Singapore is a small country but has many different nationalities which means that a bombing could receive attention from many countries, which is what terrorists want. • Singapore, being regarded as a safe place must be careful as that would only make Singapore a more popular target of attack.
Sources • http://www.dfat.gov.au/publications/terrorism/chapter7.html • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terrorism • Google