MARIE ANTOINETTE BY: MARIONA VIDAL AND ANNA MEMBRIVE
INDEX • Live facts • Biogaphy • Whyissheimportant • Her role in thefrenchrevolution • Relationshipwithothercharacters • “Letthemeat cake” • Portrait • Portrait • Portrait • Conclusion • Bilbiography
LIVE FACTS • Completename: Marie JosephaJohannaAntoinette • Born:2-Nov-1755 • Birthplace:Vienna, Austria • Died:16-Oct-1793 • Locationof death: Paris, France • Causeof death:Execution • Married: Louis XVI • Remains:Buried, Saint-Denis Basilica, Saint-Denis, France • Religion: Roman Catholic • Occupation:Royalty
BIOGRAPHY • Parents: Maria Theresa, empress of Austria and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. • Parents had enough money to pay her an education. • 16th May, 1770, Versailles: She was 15th years old married dauphin of the French throne.Unification of Austria and France. • Father died in 1774. One year later the couple became king and queen of France. • Marie also became queen of Navarre. • 1784: support her brother (Joseph 2nd) with a feud with the Netherlands. Husband refused to help Austria. French people criticized her, and called her “l’Autrichienne”. • 1785: Jeanne de la Motte Valois pretended being Marie Antoinette and stole money from the cardinal of Rohan. • To solve her reputation she gave the image of a carrying mother: • "No one understands my ills, nor the terror that fills my breast, who does not know the heart of a mother." • – Marie Antoinette • Therewerelots of rumours. Marriage Jeanne de la MotteValois
WHY IS SHE IMPORTANT? • Became important when she became the queen of France. • People started to criticize her. • Suspicious daily life was. • And once they started criticizing her, she owned that reputation, and she was the one that always would have the fault.
ROLE IN THE FRENCH REVOLUTION • Accused her of being her who leaded them to the crisis. • First and second state, didn’t pay the taxes And inequality was the main cause of the French Revolution to begin. • Desire to create a more fair taxes input. Nobles resisted. Blamed Maria Antoinette. • 1789 assemble in Versailles with all the states. • 3rdstate meted again and placed the government on French citizens for the first time. • She was accused for ordering his husband to oppose at the enlightened ideas and accused of various crimes. Marie complainingbeforeshedied.
RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER CHARACTERS • Jacques Necker he was the king’s minister, they didn’t have a really good relationship • Anne Robert Jacques Turgot he worked as general audience at the palace, neither had good relationship.
RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER CHARACTERS • Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, county of Mirabeau he was just the king’s adviser. • King Louis XVI her husband
RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER CHARACTERS • Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès he was a revolutionary politician • Maximilien Robespierre The same way as Sieyes
RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER CHARACTERS • Georges Danton Also a revolutionary politician , he wanted to restore the government so that way it could be a republic • Louis Antoine de Saint-Just revolutionary, but he participated in her execution.
RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER CHARACTERS • Napoleon Bonaparte Had a good relationship wrote a letter to show his disagreement • Jean-Paul Marat revolutionary that achieved the necessary votes to carry out the kings executions.
“LET THEM EAT CAKE” • That famous phrase was thought to be said by Marie, in order to justify to the peasants that if they had no bread they could eat cake, in order to say it • There is no evidence • The story appears in the philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s Confessions, which was written around 1766 (Marie Antoinette was just 11) • Antonia Fraser, believes the quote would have been highly uncharacteristic of Marie.
PORTRAIT • Here we have a Portrait of Marie Antoinette. As we can see for her robes, for her hat, en for the necklace his wearing, she looks like she’s had a lot of money. Also she shows her economic power, because she could afford for a portrait. • She is holding a rose with her hands, which would mean the youth, and the purity, which would symbolize her. • The background is rural; she’s at the middle of a forest or of some garden, which remembers to the vegetation of Trianon (the palace and park of Versailles).
PORTRAIT • In theportrait of Marie Antoinette, we can seeherdressed in clothesthatseemto be veryexpensive and elavorated so maybethatwas a reallyimportantportrait, and alsowe can seeshe has a wellgroomedhair. • At thebackgroundwe can find a blanketorclothwithfleur de lis, thatrepresenttheBorbonfamily as Marie’smotherwas Maria Theresa, the daughter of King Philip IV of Spain • We can also find a world globe that symbolize knowledge and wisdom • Finally we can see that the room were she is located, somewhere in her castle, and also some velvet clothe. ByJaques-FabienGautierd'Agoty
PORTRAIT • In this photo, we can see Maria Antoinette in a more informal way. Those portraits, on which the character is represented with some instruments, are the ones that try to show wisdom and knowledge. Also, we can see that Marie is wearing a more casual suit to show his approach to the village, the background is thought to be a room only used for fine arts like music or painting. Marie Antoinette, painted by Franz Xaver Wagenschön, shortly after her marriage in 1770
Conclusion • Carefree life • Scandal around France • Accusations, blames and rumors she was condemned to death.
BIBLIOGRAPHY • Marie Antoinette. (n.d.). Retrieved November 12, 2013, from http://www.nndb.com/people/185/000085927/ • Marie Antoinette Biography. (n.d.-a). BIO. Retrieved November 12, 2013, from http://www.biography.com/people/marie-antoinette-9398996 • Marie Antoinette Biography. (n.d.-b). Retrieved November 12, 2013, from http://bastille-day.com/biography/Marie-Antoinette • Marie-Antoinette. (n.d.). History.com. Retrieved November 12, 2013, from http://www.history.com/topics/marie-antoinette • Did Marie-Antoinette really say «Let them eat cake»? — Ask HISTORY — History Q&A. (s. f.). Retrieved November 14, 2013, from http://www.history.com/news/ask-history/did-marie-antoinette-really-say-let-them-eat-cake?cmpid=INT_Outbrain_HITH_HIS&obref=obnetwork • Marie Antoinette. (s. f.). RetrievedNoviembre 13, 2013, fromhttp://www.nndb.com/people/185/000085927/ • Marie AntoinetteBiography - Facts, Birthday, LifeStory - Biography.com. (s. f.). Retrieved 12 November, 2013, fromhttp://www.biography.com/people/marie-antoinette-9398996