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3 rd meeting. NOUN CLAUSE (NOMINAL GROUP). Noun and Noun Phrase. A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea. Nouns are usually the first words which small children learn . Proper Nouns & Common Noun

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3 rd meeting

3rd meeting


Noun and noun phrase
Noun and Noun Phrase

  • A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea. Nouns are usually the first words which small children learn.

  • Proper Nouns & Common Noun

  • You always write a proper noun with a capital letter, since the noun represents the name of a specific person, place, or thing.

  • A common noun is a noun referring to a person, place, or thing in a general sense -- usually, you should write it with a capital letter only when it begins a sentence.

Noun and noun phrase1
Noun and Noun Phrase

  • Concrete Nouns & Abstract Nouns

  • A concrete noun is a noun which names anything (or anyone) that you can perceive through your physical senses: touch, sight, taste, hearing, or smell.

  • An abstract noun is a noun which names anything which you can not perceive through your five physical senses, and is the opposite of a concrete noun.

  • Some scientists believe that schizophrenia is transmitted genetically.

  • Tillie is amused by people who are nostalgic about childhood.

Noun and noun phrase2
Noun and Noun Phrase

  • Noun phrasesataufrasenominaadalahfrase yang terdiridarinominaataupronomina (sebagaihead) danmodifiers.

  • Modifiers yang biasanyamenyertainominaadalah:- determiners (articles, demonstratives, numbers, possessives, quantifiers) - adjectives, adjective phrases, adjective clauses - relative clauses

Noun and noun phrase3
Noun and Noun Phrase

  • My coach is happy.

  • I like the cars over there.

  • The woman who lives there is my aunt.

  • thechildren

  • happy children

  • the happychildren

    * articles: a, an, the and Ø

Noun clause

  • a subordinate clause that functions as a noun within a main clause.

  • A noun clause does the work of a noun in a sentence or phrase. It is a group of words containing a subject and a finite verb of its own.

  • A noun clause is an entire clause which takes the place of a noun in another clause or phrase.

  • clause (i.e. subject dan verb) yang difungsikansebagai noun. Noun clause dalamkalimatpadaumumnyadigunakansebagai subject dan object kalimat.

Noun clause1

  • If a clause can stand alone as a sentence, it is an independent clause, as in the following example:

    * Independent: The Prime Minister is in Ottawa

  • Some clauses, however, cannot stand alone as sentences: in this case, they are dependent clauses or subordinate clauses. Consider the same clause with the subordinating conjunction "because" added to the beginning:

    * Dependent: Whenthe Prime Minister is in Ottawa, …

Some rules
Some Rules

  • noun clauses usually begin with words like: how, why, what, where, when, who, that, which, whose, whether, etc.

  • Also words like: whoever, whenever, whatever and wherever.


  • Noun clauseadalahklausa yang berfungsisebagainomina. Karenafungsinyasebagainomina, makanoun clausedapatmendudukiposisi-posisiberikut:

  • Subjekkalimat (subject of a sentence)

  • Objekverbatransitif (object of a transitive verb)

  • Objekpreposisi (object of a preposition)

  • Pelengkap (complement)

  • Pemberiketerangantambahan (noun in apposition)

Subjek kalimat subject of a sentence
Subjekkalimat (subject of a sentence)

  • What you said doesn’t convince me at all.

     It doesn’t convince me at all.

  • How he becomes so rich makes people curious.

  • What the salesman has said is untrue.

  • That the world is round is a fact.

Objek verba transitif object of a transitive verb
Objekverbatransitif(object of a transitive verb)

  • I know what you mean.

     I know that.

  • I don’t understand what he is talking about.

  • He said that his son would study in Australia.

Objek preposisi object of a preposition
Objekpreposisi(object of a preposition)

  • Please listen to what your teacher is saying.

  • Budi pays full attention to how the native speaker is pronouncing the English word.

  • Be careful of what you’re doing.

Pelengkap complement
Pelengkap (complement)

  • The good news is that the culprit has been put into the jail.

  • This is what I want.

  • That is what you need.

Pemberi keterangan tambahan noun in apposition
Pemberiketerangantambahan(noun in apposition)

  • The idea that people can live without oxygen is unreasonable.

  • The fact that Rudi always comes late doesn’t surprise me.